Deanhouse Workhouse- National Census 1891

I have just completed listing the details of the 1891 Census for Netherthong and Deanhouse and it seems appropriate to give a separate chapter for the census of the Deanhouse Workhouse for the same year. The  full details of the history of the Workhouse from the beginning in 1864  to the end in 1968 are covered in specific chapters in this history.

The census included  the staff responsible for the running of the Workhouse plus details on all the inmates. These inmates, regardless of sex, were all classified as paupers. Their details included full name, marital status, age, previous occupation and place of birth. Ten of the females were classified as Imbeciles and I have indicated this by putting an Imb in their marital status column. Thirteen of the men were also classified as imbeciles and, in addition, two were further classified as Idiots. Three of the inmates were blind.

John Beastie was the Master  and he was married , aged 42, and  born in Birkenhead. His wife Annie, also aged 42, was the Matron and came from West Derby. They had a son, Archie, who was 10 years old and born in Lockwood. Edith Grant, aged 17, was their step-daughter and acted as assistant matron. She was also born in Lockwood.. Elizabeth Lillie was listed as an officer and fulfilled the role of nurse. She was single, aged 32, and came from Broughton. The last listed staff member was Jane French who was single, aged 33, and came from Crook. She was the laundress.

Name Status Age Occupation Place of Birth
Emma Briggs s Imb 46 Huddersfield
Elizabeth Bates s Imb 46 servant Netherthong
Sarah Gill s Imb 25 winder Kirkburton
Elizabeth Gill s Imb 30 twister Netherthong
Sophie Hawksworth s Imb 40 Holmfirth
Amanda Jenkinson s Imb 56 housekeeper Thurstonland
Ellen Kelly s Imb 47 servant Thurstonland
Harriet Lee s Imb 43 Huddersfield
Ann Mossley s Imb 29 millhand HolmeBridge
Mary Sykes s Imb 58 Honley
Nancy Thomas s 55 Kirkheaton
Mary Heaps w 72 seamstress Ireland
Hannah Haye w 76 Oxford
Mary Bridgeworth m 57 Ireland
Sarah Scorsdill s 73 servant Lincoln
Ann Earnshaw w 82 Leeds
Mary Fielding w 64 servant Honley
Sarah Holroyd w 64 Huddersfield
Sarah Wood s 44 charwoman Holme Bridge
Sarah Wagstaff s 62 feeder Holmfirth
Jane Ferguson m 52 charwoman Wales
Annie Pooley s 50 Ireland
Isabella Anctill w 79 servant Scotland
Mary Brindle w blind 65 hawker Bradford
Sarah Brook s 62 examiner Meltham
Ann Collins s 49 housekeeper Holmfirth
Mary Charlesworth w 81 Lindley
Ruth Dawson s 39 millhand Lockwood
Martha Froget m 68 Meltham
Rhoda Gyte w 87 Lincolnshire
Mary Hinton w 69 Kidderminster
Sally Hinchliff s 37 millhand Meltham
Hannah Hoyle s 66 charwoman Slaithwaite
Jane Hall w 68 Derbyshire
Julia Hilly w 82 retired hawker Ireland
Betty Moorhouse s 69 servant Thurstonland
Harriet Milner m 78 Lockwood
Bridget Quinn w 66 Ireland
Caroline Ramsden s 46 charwoman Huddersfield
Harriet Smith s 70 Kirkburton
Ruth Taylor s 47 Huddersfield
Jane Taylor w 81 Flockton
Hannah Turner w 53 servant Shepley
Mary Wood s 64 winder Cumberworth
Martha Woodhead w 72 Lancashire
Sarah Wadsworth w 83 Lindley
Jane Gledhill m 49 Golcar
Jane Godley s 42 Paddock
Hannah Holroyd w 70 Huddersfield
Anne Leonard s 80 servant Huddersfield
Maria Marshall w 62 Halifax
Ellen Henry s 72 servant Nova Scotia
Mary Wadsworth w 57 Ireland
Hannah Bowker w 70 Huddersfield
Elizabeth Haigh s 61 weaver Shelley
Allan Barber s Imb 66 weaver Fulstone
Arthur Collins s idiot 31 Thurstonland
William Carver w 67 weaver Netherthong
John Gallaher s idiot 33 Huddersfield
Charles Garlick s Imb 45 millhand Kirkburton
John Haigh s Imb 31 labourer Lockwood
Joseph Hinchliff s Imb 60 labourer Holmfirth
Albert Hepworth s Imb 26 finisher Holmfirth
William Kaye s Imb 32 piecer Crosland
Doctor Littlewood s Imb 53 labourer Crosland
Michael McGuire m Imb 62 mason Ireland
Isaac Sanderson s Imb 50 labourer Dalton
Nathaniel Stockwell s Imb 62 spinner Honley
George Sykes s Imb 55 labourer Linthwaite
Alfred Wimpenny s Imb 50 donkey driver Netherthong
James Ambler w 67 slubber Halifax
William Armitage s 57 Sheffield
John Abrams w 82 hawker India Calcutta
Matthew Booth m 68 labourer Paddock
Adam Bell w 90 farmer Scotland
George Bennett w 67 weaver Holme Bridge
James Beevers s 67 cart driver Penistone
Joseph Beevers w 73 weaver Hepworth
John Bray s 67 coal miner Honley
Henry Bingham w 61 painter Yorkshire
George Bray s 66 labourer Holmfirth
Henry Bartlett s 44 coal miner Somerset
John Booth s 29 piecer Kirkburton
Dan Brown m 59 boatman Liverpool
Joshua Bamforth w 51 painter Slaithwaite
Herbert Brook s 32 schoolmaster Honley
George Barber s 68 weaver Kirkburton
Joseph Battye s 62 coal miner Cumberworth
Charles Battye m 61 painter Holmfirth
Joseph Bradley s 56 spinner Honley
Elihu Barden w 69 weaver Shepley
William Beaumont s 49 hawker Huddersfield
Jabez Boothroyd s 51 weaver Huddersfield
Henry Chapman w 73 cart driver Scammonden
Fred Cheetham s 70 finisher Huddersfield
Daniel Carter s 70 weaver Slaithwaite
Thomas Coulon w 79 labourer Ireland
Alan Cartwright s 71 coal miner Kirkburton
Michael Conlon w 79 labourer Ireland
Charles Duncan w 80 labourer India Madras
Patrick Drury m 75 labourer Ireland
John Dodson w 77 dyer Farnley Tyas
Martin Dunn m 67 labourer Ireland
Henry Dollive w 62 plasterer Almondbury
Richard Edwards s 82 weaver Huddersfield
Joseph Eastwood w 72 weaver Golcar
Henry Exley w 68 labourer Holmfirth
John Ellis s 75 weaver Kirkheaton
John Ellis s 65 hawker Bradley
L.Ellis s 35 hawker Kirkburton
Matthew Fretwell s 57 finisher Skelmanthorpe
Joseph Fitton w 72 fuller Almondbury
Thomas Foulkes w 57 carrier Lancashire
James Gill s 67 blacksmith Huddersfield
Joseph Gledhill m 66 spinner Netherthong
Joshua Garlick s 68 weaver Holme Bridge
John Hirst s 65 ostler Huddersfield
Nathan harrison s 62 labourer Lockwood
Abraham Mellor w 84 weaver Lepton
John Hinchliff s 72 weaver Almondbury
Edmund Hardy s 61 labourer Thurstonland
John Haigh m 79 finisher Almondbury
Allan Haigh m 60 spinner Honley
James Haigh m 73 cab driver Huddersfield
Ben.Hollingsworth m 65 barman Upperthong
Thomas Harrison w 78 farmer Crosland
Henry Hellawell w 75 shoemaker Kirkburton
Joseph Hirst m 71 weaver Kirkburton
Joseph Jagger s 66 dresser Huddersfield
Joseph Kirshaw s blind 53 weaver Shelley
Ben Kilner w 65 weaver Shelley
Michael Kenny w 74 labourer Ireland
Henry Kaye w 68 labourer Holme
Luke Lockwood s 79 Denby Dale
James Lockwood s 66 labourer Saddleworth
George Lumb w 78 labourer Marsden
Dan Marsden s 66 weaver Hepworth
Samuel Moorhouse s 57 dyer Holmfirth
John Moss w 66 miller Honley
David Mossley s 84 chandler Shelley
William Mosely w 68 weaver Shelley
David Meek s 55 coal miner Lindley
Thomas May w 70 labourer Meltham
John Meller s 79 barber Kirkburton
Ben McDermott s 29 slater Holmfirth
John Merrick w 61 Ireland
John Mellor s 22 printer Kirkheaton
Thomas Newton w blind 74 labourer Monmouthshire
Charles North m 73 weaver Almondbury
William Oldfield w 75 weaver Almondbury
John Oldfield w 80 weaver Lancashire
James Pogson w 68 weaver Lancashire
William Parkin w 67 fitter Lancashire
Joe Quarmby s 67 canal boatman Linthwaite
John Robinson w 71 finisher Lockwood
John Roland s 72 clerk Kirkburton
John Robinson w 60 labourer Shepley
Samuel Roberts s blind 40 unknown
Thomas Storry w 76 labourer Derbyshire
Joseph Sykes w 81 weaver Scammonden
William Sutcliffe w 82 Farnley Tyas
George Singleton m 71 weaver Golcar
William Sixsmith s 70 carter Lancashire
William Shaw s 49 fitter Linthwaite
Joseph Sykes s 53 hawker Almondbury
Charles Sykes m 62 blacksmith Kirkheaton
John Scholfield s 41 finisher Honley
Ben Steward m 37 fettler Honley
Jonathan Thewlis s 78 weaver Holmfirth
Alfred Taylor s 48 labourer Meltham
John Turton w 75 weaver Cumberworth
George Taylor m 49 mason Saddleworth
William Turner s 58 porter Huddersfield
William Wilson w 69 labourer Lancashire
Joseph Wood w 70 dresser Huddersfield
John Wilson w 76 gtinder Leeds
William Walker w 77 coal dealer Huddersfield
John Wainwright w 71 weaver Shepley
William Wilson w 77 blacksmith Westmorland
Charles Wood w 78 weaver Holmfirth
Benjamin Woodhead s 71 woodman Netherthong
Charles Wood s 79 labourer Kirkburton
Joseph Wood w 88 dresser Huddersfield
William Swallow s 58 labourer Kirkburton
George Quarmby s 50 fettler Linthwaite
Joseph Siswick s 71 coal miner Honley
Mary Ann McHugh m 32 Holmfirth
William Whitehead s 71 tailor Tadcaster
William Price w 50 hawker Newcastle
Bill Liley w 83 Shelley
Richard Crawshaw s 66 pitman Mirfield

The National Census for Netherthong for 1891

 

The specific  details  of each of  the National Census are only released after 100 years but statistical  information was normally given a few years after the census was completed. The Express gave the following figures in August 1923 for the 1921 census . The population was 1347 made up of 569 males and 778 females. As a comparison the population of Meltham was 5067, New Mill 4456, Honley 4701 and Thurstonland 2488.

I have covered the first two National Census for Netherthong for 1841 and 1861 in  separate chapters.The details for the census for the years 1861,1871,1881,1891, 1901 are available in the Archive Library at Huddersfield and I  decided initially  to extract relevant information for 1891. Each census lists the road/street, the names of all the occupants, their relationship to the head person, condition ( married, single, widowed ) age, profession and where born. I have simplified the information for ease of reading.The results of the census were all hand written and some names were difficult to decipher. I arrived at a total population for Netherthong of 958.

 The census results for Deanhouse/Dean Brook were listed under Honley but because Deanhouse plays an integral part in my interpretation of the history of the village, I have included those results in this chapter.

Moor Gate.

Benjamin Dyson – head -M- 40- Farmer.   Mary – wife – 43. Four children – John- 6 – scholar. Joe – 4 . Herbert -2. Thomas – 3 months. Susan Bury – lodger – 59 – general servant.

Moor Lane.

Elizabeth Hirst – mother – 43- farmer’s wife. Seven children. Crissey Janet – 11- Knotter. Frances Mary – 14 – Knotter.  Arthur – 9 – scholar.  Ernest -11 – scholar.  Ida Elizabeth – 6 – scholar.  Lucy – 3.  John – 3.

Sand Beds Farm.

Walter Middleton – head – M- 29- farmer & general Carrier. Hannah- wife – 32. Three children. Catherine – 10 – scholar. Herbert – 8 – scholar. Mary Gertrude – 6 – scholar. Also present – William Cartwright – father in law – 60 – retired blacksmith. Martha Cartwright – mother in law -69.

Moor Lane.

Jonathan Booth – head – M- 26 – cloth finisher. Annie Elizabeth – wife – 26. One daughter Florence – 3.

West End.

Fred Wimpenny – head – M-24- labourer. Mary Jane – wife – 21. One son Arthur – 1

Bevy Littlewood – head -M – 61 – labourer.  Sarah Ann – wife – 62.

Hannah Dyson – head – single – 56 – living on own money. Alice Dyson – sister – 45 – grocer.

Tom Ellis – head – M- 28 – process Assistant.  Bertha – wife-24.

Joseph Wilson – head – M- 42 – farmer. Mary Elizabeth – wife – 39. Five children. Edith Mary – 14 – school monitor. Henry Harold – 12 – scholar. Florence – 9 – scholar. Fanny – 6 – scholar.  Thomas – 6 months.

Ben Hoyle – head – M – 45 – woolen Yarn Spinner. Ellen Ann – wife – 40. Nine children. Jabor – 21 – manager of Co-Op. Albert – 19 – mule handler.  Ruishworth – 17 – apprentice tailor. Miriam – 16 – worsted cloth repairer. Alice – 14. John Henry – 11 – scholar. Helena – 7 – scholar. Annie – 5 – scholar. Ethel – 4 – scholar.

Arthur Sykes – head – M- 29 – Designer of woolen cloths.  Martha Ellen – wife – 25. Four children. Evelyn – 7 – scholar. Alice – 5 – scholar.  Beatrice – 3.  Herbert oswald – 10 months.

Fred Mallison Sykes – head – M – 42 – Woolen Cloth manufacturer. Selina – wife – 40. Six children. Gertrude – 14 – cloth mender. Mary – 11 – scholar. Edith – 9 – scholar. Emma – 6 – scholar. Tom – 3. Louis – 1.

Jonas Hobson – head – M – 56 – weaver. Sarah Elizabeth – wife – 54. Two children. Clara – 23 – mender.  Mary – 20 – mender.

Town Gate.

Owen Parkin – head – M- 29 – overlooker in mill.  Ellen – wife – 26.

James Lodge – head – M – 60 – grocer. Elizabeth – wife – 59.

Wilson Square.

Richard Wilson – head – single – 70 – farmer.  Ann – daughter – 57.

James Hinchliffe – head – M – 31 – Foreman.   Annie – wife – 26.

John Jackson – head – M – 76 – retired schoolmaster.  Margaret – wife – 74.  James – 37 – certified schoolmaster.  Margaret – 30.

Jonathan Hirst – head – M – 34 – Foreman.  Emily – wife – 35. Four children. Mary – 6. Ada – 4. Florence – 2. Blanche – 10 months. Also present – Ada Ripon – niece – 21 – fine drawer of cloth.

Town gate.

William Beaumont – head – M – 56 – yarn spinner.  Sarah H – wife – 54. Three children . Sarah J – 31 – feeder of woolen machine. Tom – 25 – firer at Mill. Herbert – 20 – scourer of cloth.

Ellen Wood – head – widow – 42. Five children. Charles – 21 – feaver.  Harry – 20 – weaver. Mary – 18 – piecer. John – 16 – piecer. Evelyn – 6- scholar.

William Wimpenny – head -M – 51 – shoe maker.  Isabella – wife – 52. Five children. Lydia – 24.  Albert – 22 – weaver.  Arthur – 19 – finisher.  Mary – 17 – mender.  Alice – 9 – scholar.

Queen’s Arms.  Mary Senior – head – Widow – 50 – publican.  Joshua – 21 – grocer’s assistant.  Ann – 19 – domestic servant.  Ellen – 15 – scholar.

 Joseph Armitage – head – M- 47 – oat bread baker.  Betty – wife – 44.  Joe Sykes – nephew – 24 – dyer of clothes.

Joe Garner – head – M – 26 – general mechanic.  Matha – wife – 28  – mender.

Town Gate .

Alfred Gill – head – M- 57 – stone mason. Ruth – wife – 57.  Three children. Sarah – 24 – inker of cloths.  Benjamin -19- stone mason apprentice.  Harry – 17 – sculptor apprentice.

James Charlesworth – head – M – 38 – finisher. Millicent – wife – 37. Three children.  Herbert -11 – scholar. Esther – 7 – scholar. Carrie – 4 – scholar.

John Frith – head – M – 26 – warper.  Ruth – wife – 23.

John Kipling – head – M – 68 – farm labourer. One son.  Benjamin – 25 – teamer for corn miller.  Also present. Jane – daughter in law – 26 – mender.

Butchers Shop/ Farm House.

Jonas Mallinson – head – M – 54 – butcher and farmer. Mary – wife – 54. Six children. Mary – 25 – dress maker.  John – 23 – butcher.  George – 20 – butcher apprentice. Lily – 18 – pupil teacher. Hary – 15 – solicitors clerk. James – 13 – scholar.

John Batley – head – M- 40 – joiner foreman.  Mary – wife – 38. Eight children. Sarah – 16 – tailoress Apprentice.  William – 13 – scholar.  Martha – 11 – scholar.  Mary – 10 – scholar.  Eileen – 8 – scholar. Brook – 5 – scholar. John – 3 . Thomas Leo – 1.

Thongsbridge Road. Clothier’s Arms.

Thomas Walker – head – M- 30 – Inn keeper. Ruth – wife – 29. One child. Fenton – 4 – scholar. Also present . Harriet Clayton – 17 – general servant.

Giles Street.

George Moorhead – head – M – 60 – retired grocer.  Elizabeth – wife – 65.  One son . Joseph – 40 – grocer, corn miller.  Also present. Sarah Graham – niece – 45.

Martha Shore – head – widow – 51. Three children . Ned – 20 – corn miller. Jane – 20 – mender. Ellen – 25. Also present. Alfred Mallinson – son in law – 26- tenterer.  Gertrude – grand daughter – 5 months.

Albert Brook – head – M – 50 – labourer.  Annie – wife – 37. Two children. Mary – 15 – Inker.  Emily -5 – scholar.

James Dyson – head – M – 54 – farmer.  Emma – wife – 50.

Tom Booth – head – M – 26 – teamer.  Mary – wife – 24 – mender.

Sarah Hinchliffe – head – widow – 59. One daughter –  Sarah E – 27 – mender. Also present – Emma Procter – grand daughter – 4.

Mary Quarmby- head – widow – 73 – knotter. One daughter – Emma Heap – 44 – washer. Also present. Ernest – adopted son – 12 – scholar. Jane – adopted daughter – 10 – scholar.

James Moorhead – head – M- Labourer- stone mason.

Thomas Hinchliffe – head – M- 40 – weaver.  Emma – wife – 38. Six children Joe – 17 – piecer. Fred – 13 – piecer. Mary – 11 – scholar.  Edith – 8 – scholar. John – 6 – scholar.  George – 10 days. Also present . Harry Hellawell – brother in law – 21 – finisher.

Mary Beaumont – head – widow – 67 – living on own means

John Hudson – head – M – 30 – cloth finisher.  Ann – wife – 30. One child. Harry – 2.

Joe Boothroyd head – M – 28 – dyer.  Sarah – wife – 31.  One child. Laura – 4.

Outlane .

Fred Wimpenny – head – M – 26 – Boot maker.  Mary – wife – 22.  Two children . Edith – 4. Harold – 3.

William Marsden – head – M – 62 – retired weaver.  Ann – wife – 59. Three children. Joe – 22 – weaver. George – 19 – finisher.  Helena – 14 – mender.

Sarah Dickinson – head – single – 30 – living on own means. Also present. Frank – nephew – 8 – scholar.

Eliza Sykes – head – widow – 53. Colin – 18- woolen harps. Harry – 12 – piecer.

Martha Castle – head – widow – 6 – living on own means.  Also present. John Morton – nephew – 16 – pupil teacher. Sarah Castle – visitor – 64 – living on own means.

Joseph Bray – head – M – 82 – general labourer.  Ellen – wife – 63.  Four children. Alice – 32 – worsted cloth mender.  Mary – 26 – feeder. Sarah – 21 – sorter.  Annie – 18 – winder.  Also present. John – grandson – 14 – grocer’s assistant.  Albert – grandson –  10 – scholar. Ann- grand-daughter – 7 – scholar. Walter – grandson – 5 – scholar. lily – grand-daughter – 5 scholar. Tom – grandson – . Alice – visitor – 18.

Eliza Preston – head – widower -56.  Two children. Marsha – 20 – knotter. Whitfield  – 25 – weaver. Also present. Clara – daughter-in-law – 25. Hubert – grandson – 8 months.

Walter Child – head – M- 29 – woolen cloth finisher.  Hannah – wife – 31. Two children. Harry – 7- scholar. Tom – 5 – scholar.

William Bretton – head – M – 69 – retired weaver.  Martha – wife – 67.  Two children. Rueben – 36 – weaver.  Charles – 27 – painter. Also present. Walter – grandson – 16 – grocer’s assistant. Mary – god daughter – 13.

Richard Russell – head -M – 29 – pattern weaver.  Lydia – wife – 30.  Two children. Ben – 2. Lewis – 1.

Martha Platt – head – widow – 54. One child.  Charles – 23 – grocer’s assistant. Also present. Lydia – daughter – in-law – 23 – mender.

Jonas Hobson – head – M – 31 – weaver, local preacher.  Alice – wife – 30. Two children. Ethel – 2. Hubert – 2 months.

Albert Alwary – head – M – 38 – brush maker.  Emma – wife – 36. Three children. Fred – 10. James – 9. Kate -7.

John Crowther – head – M – 54 – cloth finisher.  Grace – wife – 48. Two children. Arthur – 17 – cloth finisher. Eliza ( Shore ) – 23.  Also present. Ben Shore – son-in-law – 23 – weaver. Mary – grand daughter – 9 months.  Sarah Dyson – adopted daughter – 9 – scholar.

Ann Lee – head – single – 66 – living on own means.

Elihu Hobson – head – widower – 59 – farmer. Two children.  Joseph – 35 – blacksmith. Enos – 22 – blacksmith.  Also present. Alexandria – 19 – house keeper.

John Wilson – head – M- 47 – farmer. Mary – wife – 51. Also present – Lucy Chappell – widowed mother – in-law – 83. Thomas Chappell – brother – in-law -49 – yarn spinner.

Miry Lane.

George Cocking – head – M – 50 – yarn spinner.  Jane – wife – 49. Four children. Ada – 22 – warper. Fred – 14 – piecer. Emily – 12 – scholar.  Florence – 10 – scholar.

Miry Lane Vicarage.

Sam Beaumont – head – widower – 58 – scrabbling engineer. Six children. Mary – 31 – teacher private school. Annetta – 29 – teacher elementary school. Ada – 28 – teacher elementary school.  Robert – 27 – bank cashier. Phoebe – 25 – teacher elementary school.  Samuel – 10 – scholar. Also present. hannah hayes – 15 – general servant.

Miry Lane .

Jedbor Hobson – head – widower – 64 – joiner,

Dockhill.

Joe Swallow – head – widower – 56 – power loom tuner. Four children. Alice – 29 – housekeeper. James – 23 – tuner power looms. Hugh – 19 – weaver. Ada – 13 – scholar.

Hannah Mallinson – head – widower – 57 – household duties. Two children. Emma – 21 – burler.  John – 18 – piecer.

William Barton – head – widower – 57 – retired police constable. Two children . Edith – 20 – weaver. Mary – 11 – scholar.

Walker Woodhead – head – M – 53 – wood cutter.  Philis – wife – 44. Eight children. John – 23 -labourer. Albert – 20 – blacksmith apprentice. Jonas – 16 – grocer assistant. William – 13 – piecer.  Alice – 12 – scholar.  Emily – 10 – scholar. Annetta – 8 – scholar.  Mary – 5 – scholar.

Outlane.

Jonas Woodhouse – head – widower – 40 – spinner. Six children. Edith – 20 – general servant.  Margaret – 17 – mender.  Mary – 15 – mender. John – 13 – piecer.  Louise – 11 – scholar. William – 5 – scholar.

Mary Wimpenny – head – widow – 68. Also present. Tom – 28 – healder. Charlotte – grand daughter – 19 – mender. harry Hobson – grandson – 18 – scourer.

John Dalby – head – M – 29 – police constable.  Annie – wife – 31.

Hurst Beaumont – head – M – 24 – woolen weaver. Harriet – wife – 21, One child . harry – 7 months.

Frank Goddard – head – M – 67 – tender of machinery.  Clementine – wife – 64.  Three children .  Jesse – 27 – painter.  Fred – 24 – joiner.  Emma – 20 – mender.

Alexander Shore – head – M -28 – weaver.  Elizabeth – wife – 23 – knotter.

Hannah Gill. – head – widow – 57. Four children.  Sarah – 29 – feeder.  George – 24 – finisher.  Archie – 22 – weaver. Fred – 20 weaver.

Fred Hobson – head – M – 46 – weaver.  Martha – wife – 43. Three children. Mary – 6 – scholar. Irvine – 4 – scholar.  Florence – 1.

Nancy Scott – head – widow – 61. Also present. Sam – 19 – feeder.  Harrison Beaumont – son-in-law – 22 – spinner.. Grace – 22 – inker.

Mary Woodhead – head – widow – 60.  Also present . Ellen – 19 – mender.

Law Buckley. – head – M- 56 – weaver.  Mary – wife – 57. Three children.  Louisa – 22 – inker.  George – 18 – weaver.  Walker – 16 – piecer.

John Scholfield – head – M – 58 – weaver. Jane – wife – 55. Also present.  Mary – 13 – reacher.  Ann – 10 – scholar.  Edith – 8 – scholar.  Abel – 3.

Jesse Howell – head – M – 55 – tuner power looms. Mary – wife – 49. Three children. Alice – 19 – knotter.  Lizzie – 16 – inker.  Edgar – 12 – scholar.

Dockhill Chapel House.

Rockley Buckley – head – M – 27 – weaver and chapel keeper. sarah – wife – 26.  One son. leonard – 5 months.

Dockhill.

John Fisher – head – M – 35 – weaver.  Alice – wife – 32. Four children. Herbert – 9 – scholar. Edith – 7 – scholar. Emma – 4 – scholar. Norman – 1.

Ramsden Mallinson – head – M – 47 – boot maker. Hannah – wife – 44 – mender. Two children.  James – 22 – dyer.  Esther – 19 – mender.

Crodingley.

Ann Renshaw – head – widow – 59.  Three children. Emily – 39 – mender.  Sarah – 29 – dress maker . Elizabeth Woodhead – married – 37 – mender. Also present. Tom Woodhead – 37 – son-in-law – 33 – finisher.

Thomas Woodhead – head – M – 32 – corn miller.  Sarah – wife – 28. One son . Arthur – 2. Also present. Ada Beighton – servant – 21.

John Illingworth – head – M – 31 – finisher.  Mary – wife – 33.  Three children. Harriet – 7. Bertha – 3. Ellen – 6 months.

Frank Mann – head – single – 34 – railway porter. Also present. Albert – nephew – 15 – booking clerk.

Thongs Bridge Post Office.

George Whiteley – head – M – 47 – grocer and sub- postmaster.. Ann – wife – grocer;s assustant. One daughter – Harriet – 19 – grocer’s assistant. Also present. Elizabeth Broadbent – sister in law – 46 – grocer’s assistant.

Smithy Street.

Benjamin Hirst – head – M – 65 – sizer.  Martha – wife – 55. One son ? – George – 15 – packer.

George Sanderson – head – M – 46 – teamer. Ann – wife – 37. Two children. Ellen – 16 – mender. Charlotte – 8 – scholar.

Sarah Bailey – head – widow – 51. Three children. Hannah – 23 – weaver. Arthur – 14 – gardener. John – 8 – scholar.

Thongs Bridge.

Sam Mitchell – head – M – 50 – mill mechanic.  Betty – wife – 50. One daughter – Sarah – 21 – mender.

Arthur Sanderson – head – M – 34 – weaver.  Jane – wife – 34. Six children.  Hrebert – 12 – scholar. Sarah – 11 – scholar. Brook – 9 – scholar. Harriet – 6 – scholar. Harold – 3.  Emily – 1. Also present. James Brook – father in law – widow – 77.

Mount Pleasant.

Arthur Alsop – head – M – 28 – fuller. Annie – wife – 26. Two children . Hilda – 2. Clara – 11 months.

Herman Beaumont – head – M – 41 – spinner.  Elizabeth – wife – 40. Seven children.  Emma – 20 – dressmaker. Tom – 14 – telegraph messenger. Arthur – 12 – scholar.  Rachel – 9 – scholar. Dawson – 7 – scholar. Norman – 5 – scholar. Gertrude – 2.

William Westbrook – head – M – 47 – painter.  Annie – wife – 47. Four children. Mary – 21 – mender. Ellen – 17 – knotter.  Matthew  – 12 – scholar.  Ada  – 8 – scholar.

Sam Brook – head – M – 28 – teamer.  Martha – wife – 24. One son – Frank – 3.

Clara Robinson – head – widow – 23 – mender. Also present . Sam Hollingsworth – brother – 19 – healder.

John Charleworth – head – M – 28 – fuller.  Emily – wife – 28. Three children.  Irvine – 3. Annie – 2. Wilfred – 4 months.

Joshua Adams – head – M – 36 – corn miller.  Jenny – wife – 40. Three children. Jessie – 14 – burler.  Harry – 12. Edith – 4.

Spring Lodge .

Mary Mellor – head – single – 50 – living on own means. Also present.  Mary Carr – single – 40 – domestic servant – cook.  Jane Howett – 32 – domestic house maid.

Woodville.

Alfred Sykes – head – M – 45 – manufacturer of worsted cloth.  Sarah – wife – 38. Four children. Oswald – 12. Bernal – 9.  Kath – 2. Ronald – 1. Also present. Alexander Pendle – visitor – M – 35. Lucy Bisby – 22 – domestic servant nurse.  Sarah Bisby – 20 – domestic servant housemaid.  Fanny Stevenson – 23 – domestic servant cook.

Lower Hagg.

Jonathan Radley – head – 25 – weaver.  Elizabeth – wife – 26. two children . Allen – 5. Triend – 1.

Joseph Adamson – head – M – 26 – labourer.  Hannah – wife – 28.  One daughter . Amy – 5 – scholar.

Joshua Whiteley – head – M – 34 – weaver.  Elly – wife – 35. Four children.  Edgar – 6. Arthur – 4. Harold – 2.  Willie – 4 months.

Emma Beaumont – head – widow – 47.  Seven children.  Joe – 23 – finisher.  Arthur – 21 – finisher.  John – 19 – dyer.  William – 16 – finisher.  Hannah – 14 – scholar.  Elizabeth – 11 – scholar.  Clara – 9 – scholar.

Sam Hollins – head – M – 31 – weaver..  Annie – wife – 34. Four children.  Florence – 6 – scholar.  John – 5.  Edith – 3.  Clara – 1.

John Gill – head – M – 48 – weaver.  jane – wife – 46.  Five children.  Alice – 22 – winder.  Arthur – 21 – teamer. Joe – 18 – warper.  Sarah – 13 – scholar. Florence – 7 – scholar.

Elizabeth Eastwood – head – single – 50 – whisk maker.  Also present. Walton Beaver – boarder – 23 – whisk maker. George Beaver – boarder – 26 – whisk maker.

Squire Beaumont – head – M – 44 – stone quaryman.  Mary – wife – 43.  One son. Walter – 17 – piecer.

John Wood – head – M – 24 – feeder. Mary – wife – 21. One son. James – 7 months.

Joseph Brown – head – M – 26 – groom.  Louisa – wife – 28. One daughter. Emma – 4 months.

Sarah Rollinson – head – widow – 44. Six children.  George – 20 – finisher.  Harry – 19 – finisher.  Joseph – 12 – piecer.  Walter – 10 – scholar. Anneline – 6 – scholar.  Edith – 2.  Also present.  Frederick Brye – boarder – 19 – shoe maker.

John Armitage – head – M – 24 – dyer.  Lillah – wife . One son . Norman – 2 months.

Henry Brackenbury  – head – M – 55 – gardener.  Josephine – wife – 50. Four children.  Emma – 23.  William – 20 – finisher.  Sarah – 15 – minder. Josephine – 13 – scholar.

Allen Lodge – head – M – 40 – weaver. Mary – wife – 37.  Three children.  Alice – 14.  Mallinson – 9 – scholar.  George – 7 – scholar.

Dean Brook.

Joe Buckley – head – M – 47 – farmer. Mary – wife – 41. Two children.  James – 18 – iron moulder.  Alfred – 15 – finisher.

Harroyd – farm house.

Reba Hirstle – head – M – 39 – farmer. Sarah – wife – 37.  Eight children. Ezra – 16 – finisher.  Ruth – 14 – winder.  James – 13 – scholar.  William – 8 – scholar.  Annie – 6 – scholar. John – 4 – scholar. Alma – 2. Ada – 8 months.

Smithy Bottom.

F. Shore – head – widow – 70. One son . James – 36 – blacksmith.

Ben Shore – head – single – 48 – blacksmith.

Hole Bottom.

John Woodhouse – head – M – 54 – weaver.  Emma – wife – 43 – minder. One son. Edwin – 15 – bllacksmith apprentice..

Somerfield.

Thomas Turner – head – M – 53 – retired woolen manufacturer. Annie – wife – 48. Three children.  Thomas – 27 – machine maker.  John – 26 – solicitor.  Emily – 21. Also present. Elizabeth Stamp – 23 – domestic servant cook. Rhoda Barnett – 21 – domestic servant housemaid.  Clare Bottomley – 18 – domestic servant housemaid.

Roseleigh.

John Peel Floyd – head – M – 44 – woolen manufacturer.  Ellen – wife – 40.  Four children. Cecil – 10. Mary – 7. Charles – 5. Eric – 4.  Also present. Harriet Crosland – 21 – domestic servant cook.  Annie Crosland – 20 – domestic servant housemaid.

Sands House.

Cookson Stephenson – head – M – 58 – living on own means. Emma – wife – 59. One daughter . Emily – 21. Also present. Alice Hinchliffe – sister in law – 60.  Jane Homer – 33 – domestic servant cook. Agnes Garston – 22 – domestic servant housemaid.

Alfred Terry – head – M – 40 – farmer. Jane – wife – 39. Five children. Ada – 17 – winder. Charles – 15 – railway weighing clerk. Edward – 13 – labourer. Arthur – 7 – scholar. Ethel – 4.

Oaklands.

John Taylor – head – M – 63 – retired woolen manufacturer.  Eleanor – wife – 59. Also present. Emily preston – niece – single – 25. Ann Hirstle – 42 – domestic servant cook.  Ann Dyson – 39 – domestic servant housemaid.

Oaklands Lodge.

Joseph Taylor – head – M – 31 – coachman. Sarah – wife – 35.  Three children.  Charlie – 6 – scholar.  Edith – 3.  John – 1.

Elmwood .

Hannah Hopson – head – single – 33 – nursemaid.

Wellhome.

Martin Kidd – head – M – 89 – solicitor.  Elizabeth – wife – 80.  Also present. Priscilla Senior – 28 – domestic servant cook. Hannah Heale – 23 – domestic servant housemaid. Alice Hodgshon – 14 – domestic servant housemaid.

Upper Fearnought.

John Hopkin – head – M – 76 – gardener.  Hannah – wife – 76.  Fred Knopton – grandson – 17 – cart driver.

William Taylor – head – M – 43 – assistant overseer. Jane – wife – 42.  Five children. John – 19 – gardener.  Harry – 16 – finisher. Herbert – 13 – scholar.  Annie – 10 – scholar. Walter – 2.

Ann Fallas – head – widow – 63.  Four children. Sarah – 40 – knotter.  Emma – 32 – warper.  Annie – 22 – knotter.  Mary – 20 – mender.

Hannah Shore – head – M – 49. Three children. Ellen – 18 – knotter. Emily – 16 – weaver.  George – 14 – millhand.

Elizabeth Boothroyd – head – widow – 75.  One son. Firth – 44 – unemployed weaver. Also present . Sarah – grand daughter – 26 – sorter. Joe – grandson – 24 – unemployed.

Joseph Sanderson – head – M – 39 – weaver. Elizabeth – wife – 31. Six children.  Mary – 7. Lizzie – 5. Ellie – 4. Norman – 2.  Twins Albert & Norman – 1 month.

John Beaumont – head – M – 49 – gardener. Elizabeth – wife – 47 – weaver. Four children.  Edith – 22 – weaver.  Thomas – 20 – warper. Harry – 17 – gardener. Edgar – 13 – parcel carrier.

Robin Royd.

Dan Hollingworth – head – M – 60 – gardener.  Also present. Arthur Littlewood – grandson – 9 – scholar.

Hanna Cartwright – head – M – 38 – Two children. Harry – 6 – scholar. Mabel – 3.

Lower Fearnought

Sarah Boothroyd – head – widow – 49. Two children.  John – 20 – dyer.  Charles – 14 – grocers assistant.  Also present. William Kippow  – boarder – 25 – cart driver.

Abraham Barraclough – head – widower – 63 – mill watchman.  Also present. John Hudson – grandson – 20 – twister. Amy Hudson – grand daughter – 15 – machine feeder.  John – 36 – weaver.  Christiana – daughter in law – 34. Their four children.  Ethyl – 10 – scholar.  Herbert – 8 – scholar.  Harold – 5 – scholar.  Florence – 9 months.

James Harrison – head – M – 29 – cart driver.  Emilia – wife – 35 – knotter.  Also present. Harriet – mother in law – widow – 62.

John Bray – head – M – 58 – greengrocer.  Jane – wife – 53.  Four children. George – 21 – spinner.  Arthur – 16 – mechanical apprentice.  Mary – 27 – knotter. Emily – 19 – knotter.

Spring Grove.

Robert Mellor – head – M – 56 – solicitor.  Alice – wife – 43. One child. Hilda – 12 – scholar.  Also present.  Hannah Bowman – 27 – domestic servant cook.  Sarah Barker – 20 – domestic servant housemaid.

Newlands House.

John Woodhead – head – M – 57 – yarn spinner.  Joseph – 23 – manager.  Also present. Emma Horncastle – sister in law – 39. Grace Haigh – 22 – general servant.

Thongs Bridge House.

Wright Mellor – head – M – 56 – mill manager. Emma – wife – 54. Three children.  Ada – 30 – school teacher.  Richard – 16 – office clerk at mill.  Harold – 12 – scholar.

Thongs Bridge.

Joseph Bottomley – head – M – 60 – farmer.  Lydia – wife – 54.  Harris – 24 – warehouseman.  Albert – 13 – finisher.

Thongs Bridge Royal Oak.

Esther Walker – head – widow – 56 – publican. Three children. mary – 32. Wilie – 26 – schoolmaster.  Harry – 24 – butcher.  Also present. Elizabeth Rhodes – 23 – domestic servant,

Thongs Bridge.

Alfred Roberts – head – M – 47 – weaver.  Edith – wife – 50.  Three children.  Elizabeth – 21 – mender.  Emma – 20 – weaver.  Alice – 13 – winder.

John Hudson – head – M – 67 – cloth designer.  Mary – wife – 68.  Also presnt . John Chantree – lodger – 24 – coachman/servant.

John Lindley – head – M – 36 – weaver.  Annie – wife – 34.  Two children.  Emma – 6- scholar.  Mary – 4.

Towngate.

John Wilkinson – head – M – 39 – finisher.  Mary – wife – 39.  Four children . Lily – 15 – burler.  John – 12 – millhand.  Harry – 8 – scholar.  David – 4.

Charles Roberts – head – M – 50 – miller.  Mary – wife – 49.  Herbert – 6 – scholar.

George Mallinson – head – M – 27 – weaver.  Louisa – wife – 27.  Two children.  John – 6 – scholar.  Elizabeth – 2 months.

Joe Hellawell – head – M – 27 – weaver.  Annie – wife – 29.  Two children. Sykes – 2. Charles – 6 months.

William Woodhead – head – m – 27 – weaver.  Mary – wife – 25 – mill worker.

Harry Roberts – head – M – 36 – local board surveyor.. Ann – wife – 38.

Charles Holton – head – M – 35 – licenced hawker.  Elizabeth – wife – 45. Five children.  Harry – 8 – scholar.  Jane – 8  – scholar. Annie – 6 – scholar. Gertrude – 5 – scholar. Lure – 3.

H.Mallinson – head – M – 35 – weaver.  Mary – wife – 30. Five children.  Harry – 8 – scholar.  Ellen – 7 – scholar.  Annie – 5 – scholar.  Rosa – 3. Herbert – 3 months.  Also present. Mary Hannah – sister – 30 – knotter.  Florence – sister’s daughter – 2.

John Hobson – head – M – 48 – weaver. Anne – wife – 45. Five children.  sarah – 21 – knotter.  Edith – 19 – mender.  Mary – 14 – winder. William – 12 – carder.  Thomas – 8 – scholar.

Joseph Whitehead – head – M – 37 – mason’s labourer.  Hannah – wife – 40. Two children.  Alice – 7 – scholar.  Mary – 3.

Holmleigh.

Harry Mellor – head – M – 26 – living on own means. Annie – wife – 28. One son. Cecil – 1.  Also present. Annie Bishop – 24 – domestic servant.  Sarah Wood – 13 – nurse.

West End.

James Horncastle – head – M – 32 – joiner, Ann – wife – 38. Two children.  William – 5 – scholar.  Harry – 2.  Also present – Mary – sister – 27 – school helper.

Jane Wilson – head – widow – 74 – living on own means. Two daughters. Elizabeth – 42.  Clara – 32 both living on own means,  Also present.  Mary Bradshaw – sister – widow – 72

William Dickinson – head – M – 41 – traveller.  Mary – wife – 35. Three children.  Henry – 5 – scholar. Mary – 3 . Elsie – 1. Also present.  Mary Walker – 15 – domestic servant.

Ben Eastwood – head – M – 45 – brush manufacturer.  Ellen – wife – 42. Thirteen children.  Ada – 20 – brush maker. Ethel – 18. George – 16 – brush maker.  Martha – 15. Frank – 13 – errand boy,  Gertrude – 11 – scholar.  Charles – 9 – scholar. John – 7 – scholar. Lucy – 6- scholar. Mabel – 5 – scholar. Winifred – 2. James – 2. Dorothy – 1.

West End.

Martha Wilson – head – single – 39 – living on own means.  Also present. John Proude – single – lodger – 49 – Vicar and clerk in Holy Orders.

Lydgate.

Hannah Hinchliffe – head – widow – 65 – living on own means. Two children.  Emma -26. John – 23 – farmer.  Also present.  Mary Sanderson – servant – 52.

Wells Green.

Benjamin Woodhead – head – widower – 72 – retired tailor. Also present. Fred Hinchliffe – boarder – M – 27 – painter. Alice – wife – 27.

Ellen Bower – head – M – 58 – living on own means. Also present. John Heals – boarder – M – 56 – warper.  Ann Heals – wife – 56.

William Hinchliffe – head – M – 30 – farmer. Mary – wife – 28. Four children. John – 6 – scholar.  Hubert – 5 – scholar.  Edith – 3. Amy – 1.  Also present.  Jane Whitaker – 15 – servant.

West End .

John Ibbotson – head – single – 65 – labourer.

Moor Lane.

Ammon Platt – head – M – 66 – labourer.  Mary – wife – 65.

William Hobson – head – M – 34 – weaver.  Ellen – wife – 32. Three children.  John – 5 – scholar.  harold – 3. Albert – 1.  Also present. Elizabeth Wimpenny – sister in law – single – 37 – tailoress.

Timothy Scholfield – head – M – 58 – retired police constable.  Martha – wife – 53.

Ox Lane .

Nathan Charlesworth – head – widower – 65 – unemployed.  Three children. Joe – 34 – weaver.  Nathan – 29 – dyer.  James – 37 – widower – dyer.  Also present.  James – grandson – 16 – leather strap maker. Fred – grandson – 13 – printer.

Martha Ann Roebuck – head – widow – 50 – living on own means. Four children.  William – 28 – joiner. Edith – 17 – dress maker assistant.  Annie – 17 – dress maker. John – 6 – scholar.

Wolfstone.

James Hirst – widow – 60 – labourer.

Carr.

John Bentley – head – M – 45 – weaver and farmer.  Ann – wife – 45. Five children . Joe – 22 – weaver.  Alice – 21 – millhand. Ellen – general servant.  Mary – 12 – scholar.  Ada – 10 – scholar.

Rosewood Cottage.

John Taylor – head – M – 36 – market gardener & farmer. Betty – wife – 40. Also present. Eval – niece – 13 – scholar. Elizabeth Strictison – 18 – domestic servant. William Strictison – 15 – agricultural labourer.

Brown Hill.

Albert Seddon – head – M – 35 – farmer.  Alice – wife – 38.  Three children.  Mary – 11 – scholar. Arthur – 8 – scholar.  Lucy – 4.

St.Mary’s Court.

Wilson Taylor – head – M – 38 – weaver.  Alice – wife – 35. Four children.  William – 11 – millhand. Harry – 7. Edith – 3. Fred – 1 month.

William Garner – head – M – 53 – painter. Elizabeth – wife – 50 – winder. Three children. Sarah – 22 – thread packer. John – 19 – apprentice joiner. Mary ( Hobson ) – married – 25 – winder.  Also present. Edward Hobson – son in law – 26 – warp beamer.

John Redfearn – head – M – 56 – waller.  Elizabeth – wife – 52. Five children. Mary – 26 – winder. Fred – 19 – winder.  John – 17 – millhand.  Sarah – 14 – millhand. Jane – 11 – millhand.

Joseph Taylor – head – M – 46 – weaver. Mary – wife – 48. One daughter. Melinda – 16 – winder.

Edward Beaumont – head – M – 27 – spinner.  Ann – wife – 26. One daughter .Ethel – 2.

Edward Taylor – head – M – 44 – weaver.  Syrena – wife – 44 – weaver. Three children.  Matthew – 20 – weaver. John – 19 – willower.  Thomas – 18 – weaver.

St.Mary’s Court.

Mary Taylor – head – M – 31. Two children.  Martha – 3. James – 10 months.

Jabez Taylor – head – widower – 64 – unemployed. Three children. Ellen – 20 – millhand.  Mary – 18 – winder. Jane ( Lockwood ) – M – 34 – winder. Also present. George Lockwood – son in law – 24 – finisher. Henry Woodhouse – brother in law – widower – 64 – living on own means.

Alfred Benyon – head – M – 24 – weaver.

Isaac Bassingdale – head – widower – 74 – labourer. On son . Harry – 26 – weaver. Also present. Elizabeth – daughter in law – 26 – winder. John – grandson – 6 – scholar.

Herbert Cadwell – head – M – 25 – shipping clerk.  Mary – wife – 26. Two children. Hilda – 2. Marjorie – 2 months.

Eliza Bottomley – head – widow – 47 – millhand. Five children. Annie – 22 – winder.  Harriet – 16 – millhand.  Hannah – 15 – winder. Jane – 12 – scholar. Charles – 9 – scholar.

St.Mary’s School.

George Hall – head – M – 50 – schoolmaster.  Mary – wife – 40. Six children. Ada – 14 – scholar. Minnie – 12 – scholar. Harry – 8 – scholar. William – 4 – scholar. Frank – 2 . Thomas – 9 months.  Also present. Sarah Peace – visitor- 24 – wife of railway porter.

Wilshouse Villa.

George Philipps – head – M – 34 – gardener.  Lydia – wife – 33. Three children. Arthur – 8 – scholar. Mary – 6 – scholar. Gertrude – 5 – scholar.

Manor House.

Henry Hirst – head – M – 48 – living on own means.  Harriet – wife – 38.  Also present. Alice Hidditch – 28 – domestic servant cook. Annie Exley – 20 – domestic servant housemaid.

Greave.

John Berry – head – M – 48 – farmer.  Susan – wife – 50. One son. Tom – 24 – farmer. Also present.  Emma – daughter in law – 21 – spinner.  John Dixon – 19 – farming servant.

Joseph Taylor – head – M 60 – weaver.  Hannah – wife – 60. One daughter. Emma – 30 – winder.

John Watson – head – M – 39 – groom and gardener.  Anne – wife – 38. Five children.  William – 14 – millhand. Sarah – 14 – millhand.  Alice – 11 – millhand.  Mabel – 8 – scholar.  Agnes – 8 – scholar.

John Bradbury – head – M – 66 – weaver.  Rebecca – wife – 56.

Alfred Kinder – head – M – 57 – living on own means.  Mary – wife – 51.

M.Scholfield – head – M – 57 – weaver.  Sarah – wife – 47.

Jacon Hinchliffe Booth – head – M – 59 – labourer. Isabella – wife – 47.  Five children.  Mary – 19 – millhand. Ruth – 17 – millhand.  Annie – 16 – millhand.  jacob – 12 – scholar. Alice – 6 – scholar.

Fred Hobson – head M – 28 – weaver.  Ellen – wife – 27. One daughter – Leonora – 6.

Mary Sykes – head – widow – 56. Two daughters . Ellen – 23 – millhand. Alice – 17 – millhand.

William Hobson – head – M – 33 – weaver. Ruth – wife – 35 – millhand.

Ann Ferrand – head – widow – 59. Three children. Mary – 25 – winder. Frances – 23 – packer. Noah – 16 – gardener. Also present. Emma Lockwood – lodger – 22 – winder.

Listed under Honley.

Dean Brook.

Joe Kenyon – head – M – 40 – weaver. Elizabeth – wife – 39. Eight children. Seth – 18 – winder.  Edgar – 15 – brush maker assistant.  John – 12 – scholar. Joshua – 10 – scholar.  Alice – 8 – scholar.  Herbert – 5. Florence – 3.  Ethel – 9 months.

Joseph Strong – head – M – 42 – railway labourer.  Jane – wife – 40. Six children.  Charles – 17 – millhand.  Sarah – 15 – condenser feeder.  Joseph – 13 – finisher.  Maria  – 11 – scholar. Frances – 8 – scholar.  Ethel – 5.

Joseph Castle – head – M – 60 – weaver. Harriet – wife – 50.  Also present.  Mary Dytch – sister in law – 42 – weaver. Emma Dytch – sister in law – 40 – weaver.

William Higginson – head – M – 29 – manager.  Emily – wife – 27.Four children.  Robert – 10 – scholar.  Kate – 8 – scholar.  Harry – 6 scholar. Anne – 1.

William Broadbent – head – M – 47 – weaver.  Hannah – wife – 47 – mender.

Joseph Platt – head – M – 74 – living on own means. Sarah – wife – 73.  Alice – widow – 44 – knotter.

Charles Lancaster- head – M – 29 – joiner and cabinet maker.  Hannah – wife – 30. Seven children. Mary – 8 – scholar. Annie – 7 – scholar. Jabez – 5. Lilly – 3. Nelly – 18 months. John & Ethel – twins – 3 months.

George Hobson – head – M – 42 – weaver.  Amelia – wife – 40.  Alice – 21 – weaver.  Fred – 18 – cutter.  Martha – 13 – scholar.

Fred Kenyon – head – M – 37 – weaver.  Emma – wife – 36. Three children. Tom – 10 – scholar.  mary – 5 – scholar.  Catherine – 3.

Mary Cartwright – head – single – 36.

Emma Dyson – head – single – 47 – weaver.

Deanhouse.

Joe Thornton – head – M – 27 – overlooker.  Ruth – wife – 30. One child. Alice – 3 months.

Sarah Woodhead – head – widow – 72 – grocer. Two children. Mary – 39. Alice – 35.

John Smith – head – M – 44 – fuller.  Elizabeth – wife – 45. Thre children. Annie – 19 – warper. Emma – 13 – weaver. Clara – 9 – scholar. Also present. Sarah Heaton – mother in law – widow – 68.

Tom Russell – head – M – 51 – spinner.  Martha – wife – 54. Three children. Arthur – 14 – piecer. Tom – 12 – scholar. Joe – 10 – scholar.

Benjamin Lindley – head – M – widow – 56 – weaver.  Two daughters . Sarah – 18 – weaver. Jane ( Senior ) – 33. George Senior – son in law – 34 – dyer. Four grandchildren.  Joe – 5 – scholar. Emma – 3. Harry – 1 . Edith – 9 months.

Elizabeth Shore – head – widow – 56 – farmer. One son . Edwin – 32   – engineer tenter. Also present . Sarah – daughter in law – 26. Lizzie – grand daughter – 11 months.  Jonas Gill – 21 – mill hand.  Charles Gill – 15 – winder.  Harry Dyson – adopted son – 15 – farmer’s boy.

John Moorhouse – head – M – 37 – weaver.  Mary – wife – 35.  Three children.  Ellen – 4. Fred – 3. Elsie – 11 months.

Elizabeth Barber – head – widow – 69. One son . George – 38 – weaver.

Joseph Rusby – head – m – 39 – labourer. Anne – wife – 35 – inker. Two children.  Doreen – 12 – piecer.  Thomas – 8 – scholar.  Also present. Mary – mother – 74.

Edward Brierley – head – M – 44 – weaver.  Sabrina – wife – 39. Three children.  Joseph – 12 – scholar.  Herbert – 10 – scholar. Charles – 8 – scholar.

Willie Hobson – head – M – 31 – general domestic servant.  Sarah – wife – 26 – warper.  One son. Harry – 5 – scholar.

Robert Eastwood – head – m – 34 – weaver.  Sarah – wife – 25. One daughter . Mary – 2 months.

John Moorhouse – head – M – 23 – scissors bearers.  Clare – wife – 21. One daughter. Lilly – 1.

Benjamin Dyson – head – M – 75 – retired farmer.  Frances – wife – 61. One son. James – joiner. Also present. Lilley – daughter in law – 31.

James Eastwood – head – M – 59 – farmer.  Elizabeth – wife – 54. One son. Joe -36 – commission agent.  Also present. Benjamin – nephew – 28 – finisher.

David Dytcg – hea – M – 45 – mill foreman.  Hannah – wife -45. Three children. Sarah – 12 – scholar. Arthur – 7 – scholar. Joe – 4.

John Armitage – head – M – 52.  Sarepta – wife – 55. Two children.  sarah – 27. Thomas – 18 – winder. Also present . Helen – granddaughter – 9 – scholar.

Godfrey Ricketts – head – M – 45 – weaver.  Jane – wife – 43. Six children. Albert – 24 – weaver. Charles – 20 – dyer. Elizabeth – 18 – piece knotter. George – 15 – winder. Annie – 10 – scholar.  Fred – 8 – scholar.

Ann Hoyle – head – window – 54. Three children. Charles – 19 – piecer.  Martin – 17 – piecer. Emily ( Hoyle ) – 27 – warper.  Also present. Eveline Hoyle – grand daughter – 5 – scholar.

Deanhouse – Cricketers Arms.

Edward Stansfield – head – M – 55 – innkeeper and farmer. Caroline – wife – 52 – employed in inn. Two children. Sarah – 26 – dressmaker. Mary ( Goddard ) – married – 29.  Also present. John – grandson – 4 – scholar.

Hannah Hinchliffe – head – widow – 77. Also present. Harriet Metterce – 54 – feeder.

Thomas Eastwood – head – M – 57 – weaver, Anne – wife – 40.

George Fitton – head – M – 65 – spinner.  Sarah – wife – 66.Two children. Ada – 29 – mender.  Florence – 26 – inker. 

Philip Stansfield – head – M – 30 – weaver.  Elizabeth – wife – 30.  Three children.  Mary – 6 – scholar. Ethel – 2.  Gertrude – 1.

Sarah Sykes – head – widow – 61 – living on own means. One daughter. Mary – 20 – day school teacher.

Ralph Hobson – head – M – 38 – loom tuner.  Caroline – wife – 36. Seven children. Jane – 13 – mill girl.  Joseph – 11 – scholar. Samuel – 10 scholar. Tom – 8 – scholar. Helen – 6 – scholar. Arthur – 4. Percy – 6 months.

John Bottomley – head – M – 56 – farmer. Hannah – wife – 49.  One child. Robert – 14 – healder.  Also present.  Thomas Gray – 15 – farm assistant. Ben Wesley – 25 – farm assistant.

Allen Turner – head – M – 35 – labourer and dry waller. Ann – wife – 55 weaver.

William Hobson -head – M – 42 – weaver.   Sarah – wife – 50.  Four children.  Harry – 15 – servant.  George – 11 – scholar.  John – 10 – scholar. Wimpenny – 4.

Joseph Bottomley – head – single – 59 – labourer. Also present – Martha – 49 – sister.

Wesleyan Chapel.

Robert Cousen – head – M – 61 – weaver. Martah – wife – 52. Five children. Sarah ( Taylor ) – 30. Jane – 18 – minder.  Enily – 15 – winder.  Herbert –  11 – scholar. Miriam – 9 – scholar.

Miry Lane Bottom.

Ezra Harper – head – M – 41 – teamer. Mary – wife – 43. Eleven children.  Joannah – 19 – weaver. Emily – 18 – weaver. Alma – 15 – spinner. Ada – 13 – spinner, Susan – 12 – scholar. Daniel – 10 – scholar.  Harry – 9 – scholar. Annie – 8 – scholar.  William- 6 – scholar.  Jane – 2.  Rosa – 1.

John Calvert – head – M – 48 – brush maker.  Ann- wife – 46.  Four children.  James – 11 – scholar.  Samuel – 9 – scholar. Clara – 7 – scholar. John – 4 months.

Holmroyd Nook.

Samuel Brigg – head – M – 44 – farmer.  Ann – wife – 40. Five children. Sarah – 12 – farmers daughter.  Whitaker – 8 – scholar.  Charles – 6 – scholar. Albert – 3. Agnes – 1.

Henry Bradley – head – M – 56 – farmer. Jane – wife – 50.  One son. William – 29 – farmer’s son

 

 

 

Deanhouse – a hamlet that shows the changes of time

In April 1973 the Holmfirth Express printed two articles titled ‘A brief history of Deanhouse – a hamlet that shows the changes of time.’ It  was written by Eileen Williams, who was the secretary of Holmfirth Civic Society. It is superbly researched and, as Deanhouse features throughout the history of Netherthong, it is a valuable addition to this web site. With acknowledgements to Eileen.

” Few hamlets in the West Riding can show the changes of time as clearly as Deanhouse. It now comprises two separate entities, on the one hand are the neat rows of modern dwellings, while barely a stone’s throw away, via a ginnel passing the 18th.C. Wesleyan Chapel, a cluster of 17th. and 18th. cottages still survive – one bearing a date-stone marked 1698 above the door. Deanhouse Mills standing just below give their evidence of the Industrial Revolution.

  Earliest traced record of Deanhouse is given in the Poll-Tax of 1379 in the Haneley ( Honley ) section which included a Johanne Dean whose homestead sited in the modernised section was to become Deanhouse. Little is known about him but he grew his own corn, taking it to Honley Mill to grind. 200 years later in 1569, John Beaumont, a husbandman of Deynhouse, bought land from the Stapletons of Honley and appeared to be thriving. Beaumonts remained at Deanhouse until 1675 when Abraham Beaumont sold to Joseph Armitage. From Armitage the property passed to a Woodhead, a Wilkinson and then Sir John Lister Kaye  spanning the years to 1763 when Godfrey Berry bought ‘ Deanhouse and other lands at Honley for £400.

  In the latter half of the 18th.C , Deanhouse was a very small community of farmers, clothiers and handloom weavers. They were among the first of the followers of John Wesley and Methodism and they built their own chapel in1769. In 1772, John Wesley visited the chapel but had to walk from Hagg. A Mrs. Dinah Bates accompanied him back to Hagg and she was a noted Leech-woman, held in deep respect for the curing of ailments. The panorama of the Deanhouse Valley was then unbroken by the Deanhouse Mill which was built some years later. The brook into which three streams converged flowed unsullied through woods and pasture land. Above it the bridle path, now known as Haigh Lane, led directly to the Chapel skirting a two-storied double fronted dwelling with a substantial barn, presumably a farmhouse, now the Cricketer’s Arms.The four weavers’ cottages stood at the brow of the bridle path while below them was a drinking trough for the horses. Behind these weavers’ cottages was a fold with smaller cottages, one of which still carries the date stone of 1698 above the door.

  It is recorded that in 1798, Nathaniel Berry of Deanhouse was a Constable and a church warden of Honley. In 1838 the Deanhouse passed to Joseph, Ben and John Eastwood the family then connected with the mill. Joseph Eastwood and Sons being recorded as fulling millers. By 1838 a John Jordan had taken over the scribbling and fulling while Joseph Eastwood and his brothers were then known as woolen merchants.

  At that time there was no record of an inn in Deanhouse but an unnamed beerhouse was listed in 1853. As farmhouses in those days often brewed and sold beer as a sideline, the conversion of farmhouse to inn, first known as ‘The Blazing Rag’ seems to have been a gradual one. While officially the Cricketers today, it is still known locally as ‘The Rag’. May 1860 brought about the most significant change to the old Deanhouse community when the house and grounds carrying the name of the hamlet was conveyed from the Eastwood family to the Guardians of the Huddersfield Union as a site for a new Workhouse.’

The second article dealt with the rise and decline of the dreaded workhouse of Deanhouse. I have a chapter covering the  the Workhouse in detail so I have just pulled a few interesting items from her report.

‘ The first inmates were admitted at the beginning of September 1862. Before the end of the month a boy named Thomas Clough absconded and was found drowned near Huddersfield the same day. No regrets or mention of an inquiry was made in the minutes. The following year, in September 1863, the list of absconders over the boundary wall was proving a worry and included a Sarah Jane Hobson who had escaped taking her three children with her to Honley, one man took his workhouse clothing with him and a young female got over the wall for an immoral purpose. As a result a higher boundary wall was built at a cost of £150.’

 

The Roebucks of Moor Lane – detailed Family Tree 1775 to date

A great deal of research and effort has been  put into the following excellent family tree of the Roebuck family from 1775 up to the present.  Because it is very specialised, I have given it a chapter of its own and it is basically word-for-word, including the researcher’s comments, as it was supplied to me by Brenda Quarmby ( nee Roebuck ).

GREAT, GREAT, GREAT, GREAT GRANDAD

ROGER ROEBUCK            married                           ?

born about 1755? , he lived at Woodnook and was listed as a Clothier. Possible children:- Hannah (christened 21.6.1778) – John  (christened 27.2.1779) – Eli (christened 25.12.1782) – Lydia b.1786 ? Christened in Honley, West Yorkshire.( I am not sure about this person ).

 GREAT, GREAT, GREAT GRANDAD

JOHN ROEBUCK Snr.                      married                MARIA ( not known )

 b. 1779. died 2.7.1835 aged 55.                            b.1778. died 14.9.35 aged 57 

 Children:-  John – William b.1809 – Benjamin – Lydia b.1786 ? – Possibly Maria b.1793 – Others not known

 Netherthong Parish Church was completed in 13 March 1829. The children were possibly christened in Honley as they all lived at Wood Nook.

Moorgate, Netherthong was an area on the edge of the moors (hence the name) which included Great Ox Close, Oxley Lane ,Middle Brown Hill, Upper Brown Hill, Lower Ox Close, Moorgate Farm and  probably Sands Farm. John Roebuck and family were shown as living at Wood Nook (near Honley) in 1813. In 1831, he built dwellings at Great Ox Close and these dwellings were tenanted. (I believe this is Ox Lane Farm & the tenants were weavers) He was, we were told, a very wealthy man. John and Maria were buried in Netherthong churchyard. (This grave has a very prominent position at the head of the Church …Large stone box type by vestry door area). William his son married Ann the daughter of Joseph Hirst… (Ann has also been named Oldham ? see belowThis could be where the name of Joseph Hirst was first originated into the Roebuck family. There could also be a connection with a George Hirst (Holmfirth area) who owned Digley Mill in the 1830’s. Bank End Mill next door was tenanted by John and William Roebuck also at this time? The Mill was badly damaged by the great flood in 1852. It is  believed that  John Roebuck handed down his assets to his son William circa 1836?

Moorgate Farm was never owned or tenanted by Roebucks. It was the property of Dyson’s and  still was in 2012

 GREAT, GREAT GRANDAD

WILLIAM ROEBUCK                          married                      ANN OLDHAM HIRST

  born 21.4.1808,                                                                born

                                            Ann was born Upperthong

 Children:- John  – Emma – Ellen Ann – Maria – Mary – Sarah – Lydia – Joseph H – William E

 William was born at Wood Nook, near. Netherthong, which was later handed down to him from his father John. The Census taken 30.3.1851 shows the family living at Woodnook, 64 acres plus houses and servants. They mainly reared sheep in addition to the usual farm animals.

In 1881, Ann was 73 years old. She was a widow, still lived at Wood Nook, Honley,  farmed  60 acres and employed 4 men.  A marriage certificate was required to ascertain if Ann was HIRST or OLDHAM and who was her father… Joseph Hirst of Wilshaw or William Hirst (b.1785).There was also a George Hirst, Mill owner of Digley Mill. Details of her mother are unknown to date.  All the children were christened at Netherthong Church and William and  Ann were buried in Netherthong churchyard together with John and Maria Roebuck.

When William died he left Woodnook to Joseph and William E and their mother Ann was to live in the cottage. There is evidence that the farm was left to the eldest son John, which was the usual thing to do in those days. He in turn later rented it out to his brothers, Joseph and William Edward (there is an original document showing a rental agreement between these three Roebucks dated  February 1st 1887)  at £69 a year with rent days being May 1st and November 1st.

 John born 21.4.1831 and died Jan 1889?   Farmer’s son born in Netherthong. John was married to Martha Ann born 2.4.1841 and died 11.7.1923 (She was baptized on September 2 1877) and  in 1871 they were shown as Grocers in Thongsbridge. In 1881 they lived at Ox Lane as farmers with children, Annie born c.1874 (Dressmaker) – Edith born c. 1874 (Dressmaker’s assistant) – William born c.1868 (Joiner) – John Herbert born 9.10.1884 (In 1911 he was listed as being a farm manager at Moor Lane, Netherthong) – Fred born 7.8.1878 and died 1.8.1880 – Mary Emma born April 1871 died 31.3.1874, aged 2 yr 11 months – John Charles died at the age of 6 ½ months. All the children were born in Netherthong and in1891 they lived at Ox Lane but by 1901 they had moved to Wood Nook. The 1861 Census shows that Martha Ann was the daughter of Grace and David Roebuck. Grace was born c.1802 and came from Almondbury. David Roebuck was a Manufacturer. Martha had a sister Mary Mellor born c.1844. John possibly died in 1901. Mary Mellor was possibly married in September 1867. As mentioned earlier,  this John, being the eldest son, inherited Wood Nook on the death of his father and on the 1st February 1887 he rented the farm out to his brothers Joseph Hirst and William Edward for £69 yearly rent.

 William Roebuck born 1868 – died 1938 (Son of John Roebuck & Martha Ann above), emigrated to New Zealand and he married Lucy Holmes born1873 – died1938. (They had no children which we know of).  William lived at Wood Nook in 1908 and married Lucy on 1.9.1908 at the United Methodist Church, Moldgreen,Huddersfield. Lucy lived at Brook Street, Moldgreen and her father,  Charles Holmes,  was a corn miller. She worked as a confectioners assistant. Lucy arrived in New Zealand 19.2.1910 and they were farmers there alongside his cousin William Ramsden Roberts.  William and Lucy died within four months of each other in 1938 and were buried  in the Old Hamilton East Cemetery.

Ellen Ann  born 12.8.1834 – died 1903    Farmer’s daughter  born in Netherthong. Possible marriage September 1865 or June 1866 . We think she was christened on 31.8.1834 and she married Richard Roberts born 1829 – died1908 of  Farnley Tyas. They had children Richard Henry,  Sarah, John Richard born 1901 – died1979,  Stanley born1905 – died 1972   and  William Ramsden born 1869 – died 1938 , who married Eleanor Lister born1871 – died1940 and  they had children Vera 1899-1967, Frank 1902-1980 and Norman 1911-1999. Frank married Winifred Hodge born 1916 – died 2006 and they had a child, John Roberts born 1943 in Tauranga New Zealand where he still lives with his wife and family.

 William Ramsden’s  family originally  moved to New Zealand in 1910 on the recommendation of their friends, the Roebucks, who were already there. They made this move after the death of their father Richard Roberts in 1908.

Their sister Sarah had already settled in the USA.( My cousin reckons they knew Roebucks in England who had members already settled in New Zealand and may have provided the incentive).

William Ramsden, Richard Henry (and his wife and 3 children) arrived in NZ on the ‘Arawa’ in June 1910.

William’s wife and their 5 children emigrated 6 months later on the ‘Tainui’ arriving in November 1910. Her daughter, two year old Gertrude, died  when the ship docked at Hobart, Tasmania. William’s wife, Eleanor, was 7 months pregnant at the time so it must have been some trip.

My cousin who lives near Hamilton, New Zealand, found many Roebuck names in her local phone book.

  Mary born 5.1.1838 – died10.9.1875 .  She was a  farmer’s daughter  born in Moorgate, Honley. She married Henry Senior 22.8.1870 in Netherthong and they had three children. Albert Edward  born 5.7.1872 – died 2.10.1923 , he was a butcher/farmer and he married Ellen Horn on 21.5.1894. Reuben born 1874 – died 6.8.1931 in Huddersfield. He was a butcher

Mary Ann  born Nov 1875 – died  ? she married Harold Thomas Raper on 4.6.1903 and her mother, Mary, most probably died at the time of her birth in 1875.

 Henry Senior re-married Betty Hampshire from Upperthong  on 20.11.1877.

 Sarah, born 6 Apr 1840 – died June 1880 , was a farmers daughter and born at Moorgate (Honley). She died in the Huddersfield area. She married Henry Stace Ward born 11.3.1832 – died .March 1908 and  he was a Draper/Manager of a Co-op store. The marriage took place on  8.1.1863 in Netherthong Parish Church and  they had three children. Agnes Ward September 1864,  William Rootsey Ward born Oct 1865- died Aug 1944 (he was an accomplished water colour artist) ,Ada Maria Ward born 1869 – died June 1881 (age 12). Lydia born 1842                      born in Honley. Possible marriage March 1865 .

 William Edward born 6th March 1847 – died 10th February 1895 at the age 49 of a heart attack. Census says he was born in Honley. After his brother Joseph (the Vet) died, he continued with Rachel taking care of the farm at Wood Nook – he had an affair with Rachel and  fathered a son called Harry in 1893 (the mother being Rachel Roebuck (nee Spencer Batty)). Harry married Emma (nee) Beaumont from Hepworth. They lived in Netherthong opposite the Clothiers Arms .William Edward was a farmer and  he did not marry but always lived with Joseph H and  Rachel. William was  buried with his brother Joseph Hirst/Rachel/Arthur in Netherthong graveyard (front of Church-left).

 Joseph H. born 29.4.1844 – died 5.11.1891. He was a Veterinary Surgeon, born in Honley.  There was also another Joseph Hirst Roebuck who died at Deanhouse Workhouse (hospital) 13th October 1895 and  was buried 17th October 1895. Maria was born  July 1836 and  died aged ten months 3rd April 1837 and was buried in Netherthong graveyard. Emma born about  1832/3, died aged 15  on the 2nd April 1848.and was also  buried in the Netherthong graveyard.

GREAT GRANDAD

JOSEPH HIRST ROEBUCK                    married to               RACHEL SPENCER                                                                                                              BATTY                                  

29 April 1844 – 5th Nov 1891             18.6.1873             b.23.8.1851 – died 17th Dec 1931

Age 47                                                                                 Aged 80

Born in Honley (I think Moorgate Farm)                          Born Hunshelf/Penistone 

Children:- Hirst,  Emma, Arthur,  Benjamin , Mary Ann (Polly) ,Lily, Ada, Lydia, Alice,  Harry ( Harry was born in 1893 with Joseph’s brother, William, being the father ).

Joseph Hirst was baptized at All Saints Church, Netherthong June 18th 1844 (could be May)

The marriage certificate shows that Rachel was a Batty.(but Charlesworth memoirs show her name as Spencer ??). Rachel’s father was Benjamin Batty, a farmer, and the family were from Hunshelf near Penistone . She was born with a squint and died from a stroke . She was married to Joseph Hirst on 18th June 1873 at the Parish Church, Penistone and they lived at Wood Nook farm and  Rachel had ten children. (See note for last one Harry’s father who was William Ed.)

Joseph was a Veterinary Surgeon and lived at Woodnook. When Joseph H died of a heart attack he left Woodnook to his brother William Edward in 1891. Sometime after William Edward died,  Rachel and  her children Mary A,  Lily,  Ada, Alice ,  Harry lived at 78 Alder Street. Huddersfield .St.Andrews ? ( I estimate around 18961901. See 31.3.1901 Census.). Rachel probably moved into the Queens Head Inn around 1901 – 1905 and  then to Cliffe View her newly built house on Thong Lane, Netherthong. Charlesworth memoirs state that BOTH farms were sold (but we only know of Wood Nook) and the spoils were divided between the children. Joseph lived a very busy life as a vet and  seemed happy with the outdoor life.

 ARTHUR was born in Honley on 10th Dec 1876  and died 12th July 1895  He lived at Wood Nook and was buried with his mother and father in Netherthong church yard  at the age of 19. (Louie’s diaries show the death at six weeks old of another Arthur (cot death) -who is the other Arthur ?)

 BENJAMIN    Born 18.11.1878 , died 12.08.1916. Although Benjamin’s name is on the gravestone with his sisters Lily and  Alice in Netherthong Churchyard, he is also listed on the memorial at Villers – Bretonneux Memorial at the Somme in  France where he was allegedly buried with other soldiers.

:Another death was that of Benjamin Roebuck, who was a Private (5178), 16th Battalion, Australian Imperial Force. Born at Netherthong, the son of Joseph Hirst Roebuck and Rachel Roebuck, of Cliff View, Netherthong, Holmfirth, he was educated at Saint Mary’s Church School, Wilshaw. While living at Netherthong he became a teamer, driving a horse drawn wagon for Mr. John Batley; he was a member of the Working Men’s Club and attended All Saint’s Church. He emigrated to Australia around 1910, and soon acquired a farm and an orchard at Harvey, in a farming area in the South Western part of Western Australia. He volunteered at Blackboy Hill, near Harvey, on January 19th 1916, listing his mother, Rachel, as his next of kin, and sailed from Freemantle with reinforcements for the 16th Battalion on March 31st 1916, onboard HMAT A9 Shropshire, stopping at Egypt on the way to the Western Front. He was killed in action on Saturday August 12th 1916, shortly after he had arrived in France. His family received the news of his death on September 2nd; he was thirty-seven years old. There is no known  grave. The 16th Battalion spent the week before his death in attacks in the area around Circular Trench, north of Pozieres, France, also beating off a German counterattack from Mouquet Farm. On the 12th the German artillery bombarded the left of the line, and at 1:30 p.m. the Battalion was relieved, though the Germans shelled them as they moved to the rear. Benjamin Roebuck was either one of the thirty-nine men who were known to have been killed, or one of the nineteen reported missing believed killed in action with the 16th Battalion that day. Many more men were wounded. A letter written shortly before his death arrived in Holmfirth saying he was glad to get away from Egypt, which was a miserable place to live, and that he hoped to visit them at Netherthong before he returned to Australia.

 ALICE  was born on 4.8.1889 and died 18.3.1950 aged 60. She lived at Wood Nook and after an accident, whilst riding her bicycle in Netherthong, her hat pin pierced her brain leaving her brain damaged. Alice was admitted to Storthes Hall Hospital  on 8th January 1913 aged 24 where she remained there until she died aged 60. She was buried in Netherthong church yard with sister Lily and brother Benjamin.

 EMMA   Born 17.1.1875 – died 11th Nov 1945. She was born in Honley and lived at Wood Nook and she had a leg amputated when she was 60 years old.. She married Fred Charlesworth in 1895 . He was born in 1874 and died of pneumonia on 18.11.1918. They had eight children:- Walter 1896, Ben 1898  who died of diptheria in1902, – Harry (Dick) born 1900 (Harry married Nellie Stott),  Helen 1902- died 3.May 1916  of meningitis,  Alice 1906( Alice married Norman ?),  Cora 1908 (Cora married George Dickenson of Farnley Tyas), Mary born 30 Jan 1915 and she was diagnosed with Osteomyilitis at the age of nine,  Louie born 8th May 1916 – died1 December 2009 , she married Ernest Rex Watson on 29 Oct 1938). (This is the family line where the original Roebuck money/land ended up. Great Grandma Rachel being Emma’s mother.)

 HIRST   Born 8,11,1873  Born in Honley at Wood Nook.         

MARY ANN (known as Polly ).   Born in Honley 29.10.1880 – died 13th Nov . She lived at Woodnook  and married Arthur Chambers in 1907. He died fighting in France on 5.4.19 They had a daughter Elsie 23.6.1911 – 21.3.1934 who died from Diptheria. She was a Worsted and Woollen weaver.

 

LILY   Born 27th January 1883 – died 30th January 1913.  Lived at Wood Nook and she was a tailores and died of a heart attack aged 30. (The Charlesworth bible shows 1887 – 1910). She was buried in Netherthong church yard with her sister Alice and brother Benjamin.

 ADA   Born 10.7.1885. (This lady was quite well heeled ) .She owned properties in and  around Huddersfield and also owned the two front fields at Ox Lane Farm for which a yearly rent was paid. These fields were purchased by Mother and Derek after Dad’s death (JOHN Roebuck) in 1978. She had nieces Lilian and Eveline.

 LYDIA    Born  23.5.1887 and she had children:- Hilda,  Evelyn, Annie and Lilian. Their surname was Woods. She became a nurse at the Huddersfield Royal Infirmary.

 HARRY     Born  22.10.1893. Fathered by William E ( brother of Joseph who had died in 1891.) Harry married Emma Beaumont from Hepworth and they had a son Phillip born18.1.1927 and  they lived in Netherthong. He served in the RAF in 1914 and was buried in Netherthong church yard.

 They all lived at Wood Nook Farm, Honley in 1881 and Woodnook was sold around 1896/7?  Rachel, now a widow and on her own since William died in 1895, was shown as living at 74 Alder Street, Huddersfield as at 31.3.1901. Wood Nook was now shown to be occupied by Martha Ann Roebuck (widow of John ) plus children, she being completely self-sufficient. Somewhere between 1895 – 1905,  Rachel lived in Alder Street, Huddersfield and later bought the Queens Head Pub in Netherthong. (Her life at this point seemed to revolve around her children, Mary Ann (Polly) & Emma). She later had a house built at the top of Thong Lane in Netherthong and named it “Cliffe View”. She moved there in 1905 where she lived until her death. The Queens Head Pub was closed in 1938 See chapter on pubs and inns.  Grandma Rachel was buried with her family at the front area of Netherthong churchyard.

 (19th December 1896: A Mortgage of £500 was taken out from Lloyds Bank, Holmfirth, The document was amongst Dad’s papers.  Too early for him….must have been his Dad HIRST Roebuck. I think this is the purchase of Ox Lane Farm by Hirst Roebuck. Here he worked and  raised his family. We are told that he died owing lots of money).

 GRANDAD

HIRST ROEBUCK                          married                    HANNAH ANN SENIOR

Born 8.11.1873 –  Died 15 Nov 1946       1895                     Born 1871 Died Dec 1934

Age 73 Census RG11/4369                                           Age 63 Census RG/11/4369

Born at Wood Nook/Honley                                          ANN born Deanhouse           

 Children: Herbert,  John, Arthur,  Emily,  Amy,  Joe,  Lydia , Mary Emma  and Marion

 They were married at Netherthong Parish Church on the 16th October 1895 in the presence of Joseph Hirst Roebuck (yeoman) and Ben Senior (Dyer). (No known photos.) Grandad Hirst was well known for his long red beard which later turned white and although he was a hard worker, I am told he was also a heavy drinker.  His mother, Rachel Roebuck ,owned and ran the Queens Head Pub in Netherthong where he was to be found frequently. He was always borrowing money from his mother, which was lent on IOU’s but never paid back. They lived at Wood Nook Farm and he later bought Ox Lane Farm,  Moor Lane, Netherthong, Holmfirth.and had nine children. Hirst Roebuck died in Deanhouse Hospital aged 73 and was buried December 18th 1946.  Grandma Hannah Ann was buried on  December 26th 1934 aged 63.They were buried in Netherthong Parish Church graveyard (bottom end right side No: M74, which is approximately half way down and  five rows in from the path .(Behind Mam/Dad’s plot). Hannah Ann was taken ill at the funeral of baby Jean Howells (her granddaughter, with a stroke and later died from heart related symptoms. (This appears to be the only Roebuck grave NOT marked with a headstone !!!!)

Hirst was apparently the black sheep of the family. He bought Ox Lane Farm with his legacy money and  help from his mother and Uncle William. He had at one time 12 men working for him on the farm and, come Friday evening, they would all go to the pub (probably the Queens Head) for a drink and  he wouldn’t pay out their wages until going home time from the pub. This was so they took their wages home to the family and didn’t spend it on drink. Although he was a great drinker himself he always provided for his family first. There would be a gathering of the family on Saturday nights in Victoria Street, Holmfirth, where HIRST would always buy a large joint of meat from the butchers there ( we know it now as Howarths green grocers) to take home for Sunday dinner. He was also involved greatly in carting ganister from the quarry to build stables in Meltham (this is where the White Swan pub is). (Always borrowing money from his Mother as we know BUT it seems to me that he also had many good qualities and was very much a family man at heart).

Hirst and Hannah Ann used to make their own butter, a tradition which had been handed down many generations. ( I remember helping my Dad, John, to make butter and little pats were made for the children). When Hannah Ann died, her daughter Marion took over the care of the family and granddaughter Hannah would scrub the kitchen floor every Friday with a reward of 6d. (sixpence). Uncle Arthur said that Grandad Hirst spent all his money (after feeding his family) in one of the pubs in Meltham, either The Swan or the Waggon & Horses. He would buy everyone in the pub drinks until there was no money left, returning the next week to do the same thing.

 (As a child, I remember the Roebuck family used to gather at Ox Lane for Christmas Day tea, a tradition which continued well into my later childhood. All the Aunties and Uncles would sit round the large round oak table which usually needed two sittings, and we children got what was left over.)

 HIRST Roebuck bought Ox Lane Farm about1895/6 (I am not sure of this date/year ), after his father Joseph H died. He used his own money plus some from his Uncle William E and help from his Mother, Rachel. He left Ox Lane Farm and all his debts to his son JOHN Roebuck.

 HERBERT born in Wilshaw on 30.12.1900 and died 29.3.1985. He  married  Aggie Aspinall from Totties on 12.7.1924 . She was born in Scholes in1901 and died on 3.10.1979 . They had 3 children, Kenneth ,Eileen and Rita. Uncle Herbert lost an arm at his workplace and wore a  prosthesis. He worked on the Railways at Brockholes

Kenneth Roebuck, born 27 June 1925 was a Fireman at Holmfirth Fire Station.  Eileen  was born1.5.1929  at Larchouse,Scholes and died on 30.8.2006 from cancer and was cremated 6.9.2006.She had been a hairdresser and married Eric Pearson ,born 26.1.1924, in Wooldale at Holmfirth Parish Church on 4.6.1949. They had one son, Michael born 21.11.1949 ,who was married twice and  he had two daughters,  Zoe and  ? . Rita, born 11.5.1936 at Larchhouse, was  married on the 14.6.1958 to Keith Pearson born19.3.1933 at the Parish Church,Holmfirth. Keith died about May 2009 and  they had two children, Gillian born 15.6.1959 and  Richard born 8.12.1961.(Richard married Elaine born11.3.63)

Kenneth married Audrey Hill who was born on 1 July 1926 and  died July 21st 2006 (she was buried in Upperthong 28.7.06) .They lived behind the Civic Hall,Holmfirth and  had three children: Susan Gail 25.3.1950,  Ian Phillip 18.3.1953 and John Leslie 8.7.1959.

Susan Gail married Patrick Thorpe and  they had four children. Victoria Edwina born 3.10.73 married  Daniel Hargreaves on 7.7.2001 and they have a son Thomas Patrick b.11.9.2005.  Elizabeth Rowena born 6.11.74 married John Miles on 11.7.2004.  Katherine Lucy born 16.10.76 married Paul Skelton on 1.8.2003 and they have a son Finlay James born 9.12.2005.  Alexandra Mary born 11.2.79 married Paul Kennedy in Gretna Green (now divorced).

 Ian Phillip died in Lanzarote by a freak wave which took him out to sea and  drowned him on 18.1.1999. He was married to Sandra Wyke born 5.5.1955 at St.Johns, Holmfirth on the 21.6.1975. They have two children. Melanie Dawn born 10.9.1976 and Christopher James born 17.6.1982.  Melanie married Simon Wilkinson born 6.10.1976 at St.Johns, Holmfirth on the 15.7.2000 and they have two children. Dylan Luke born 5.7.2002 and  Emily Grace born 15.4.2005. Christopher married ? in September 2009.

 John Leslie  married Kathryn Ann Booth born 16.10.1957 at Holmfirth Parish Church on 20.9.1980.They had a child, Matthew James born 27.11.1995.

 ARTHUR  was born 24th June 1905 and he died on 13th April 1985  from prostate cancer. He married  Edith Rothery (aka  Eadie?), born 8th August 1904 and died 29th August 1972 . They had three children – Evelyn  born 14th August 1928 (who married an Alfred Oldham on 30th August 1952 and he died 13th January 2010 from a pancreatic tumour. A daughter born about 1938, who only lived three days and was buried in Netherthong church yard. David was born on 14th August 1942 and  he married Brenda Senior, born 1.5.1943,  on the 29th October 1966. Evelyn was a hairdresser at a shop next door to Uncle Alf’s Barbers on Mill Moor Road, Meltham. She  lived with and took care of  Auntie Lydia in Mill Moor Road, Meltham until Aunty Lydia  died aged 99.5 yrs. In 1928 the family lived at Sands Farm, Moor Lane, Netherthong, later moving to Upperthong, Arden in Bingley, Gloucester and later Hoyland Swaine. Uncle Arthur was a farm manager.

 Evelyn’s children: Melvyn Edward, born31.3.1960,  was married to ??? and lived for some time in France. Anthony Arthur born18.5.1964 (He was adopted 21.1.1969) . Christopher David born 28.3.1969 who works in the Entertainment Industry. He was married to Mandy ? (divorced) and they had a daughter Gemma.

 David’s children: Diane was born 24.11.1967 and married  Yogesh Shah, born 1960, in Nairobi. They have two children, Rianna born 1997and Kiran born 2002,  Gary born 30.3.1971 married Julie Fish,born 1974 & had children.  Vicky born 1991  married Simone Magowan, born 1978 & had three children. Alex born1978, Adam born 2005 and Glyn born 4.10.1974 who married  Rebecca Marsden, born1978. They have three children, Tyler born1997,  Charlie born1998 and Hayden born2004. David lives in the Hoyland Swaine area.

JOSEPH E  was born in Wishaw about 1898 and christened in Netherthong Parish Church. Originally a farmhand he later moved to York (possibly Spicklegate)  and  married Laura ? Two children, Mary and Louie. No further info.

 LYDIA ANN   born 28th July 1908 and died 26th July 2007. She was married in 1929 at Netherthong Parish Church to Alf Howells (barber on Mill Moor Road,  Meltham, where they also lived at No 22).Lydia died peacefully in her sleep on 26th November 2007 and her ashes are buried with her family in Meltham Parish Church. They had a daughter, Jean who died 22 December 1934 of leukaemia aged 18 months. Jean, Alf and  Lydia are buried in the churchyard of the Parish Church, Meltham.

 AMY, born 6.8.1903 and  died 20.10.1980 , married  Arthur Dawson  and had two children. Phillip, born1933 , married Nina Glover born 1934. Phillip was in the British Army from 1951-1953. Sheilla born 22.6.1927 and  died in 2010? She  married Selwyn Ibbottson of Selwyn’s Taxis in Honley but divorced him and  later married Willie Thompson. Amy re-married Arthur Jones. Auntie Amy was a Medium and was last known to live in Lockwood Huddersfield/Netherton Road in(a big corner house. Sheilla had tqo  step sons, Michael and Richard Thompson.

 Phillip’s seven children were : Janice born 1954,  Kevin born 1957,  Carol born 1958, – Andrew born 1960,  Sharon born 1962,  Mark born 1964  and Valerie born 1952. Janice married Peter Wills and they had a daughter, Rebecca, born 1989. Kevin married Jane Boyes. Carol married Roger Clegg and they had a daughter Laura Clegg, born 1983.  Carol divorced and  later married Andrew Lyman and they had a son Tomas Lyman born in 1990. Andrew married Joanne Weedon and they had two children Antony, born 1985, and  Bethany, born 1988. Mark married Margaret Carrol and they have a son Charlie born 2005. Sharon was born a spastic and  has always lived at home but does manage to work Valerie died when she was about one year old.

 EMILY was  born on 5.4.1899 in Wilshaw ( Wood Nook ) and died in 1984. She was married to William Pollard, born 1891 and died1957, and together they first lived in the middle cottage at Ox Lane Farm circa 1923 – 1940. From there they lived in and  ran Honley Labour Club and later still moved to Leamington Spa, They had two children, Hannah born 6.9.1923 (Hannah was in the British Army 1941-1945 ) and she married Frederick Watkins, (born18.5.1919  died 17.11.1985), in Huddersfield on 2.12.1946.  Hannah was last known to be living in Leamington Spa. Joan, born 29 July1921 and who died 5 September 1989,  married Robert J. Russell, (born 16 March 1922) , in Romford about 1945 and her ashes are buried in a top field at Ox Lane Farm. Emily was cremated in Leamington Spa and  William was cremated in Leeds.

Hannah’s four children were :  Jacqueline,  Edward,  Christine  and Josephine.

Jacqueline Beatrice born 30.5.1947 married David Evetts on 7.10.1967. Their  children were :Theresa ,born 8.9.1968,  married Christopher Mark Pemble on 5.8.1989 and their two  children were:  Liam Christopher David born 11.7.1992 and Callum Christopher Eric born 11.7.1995.  Ian David born 29.7.1972  and married Sheron Peta Towe on 4.8.2001 . Their  children were,  Joel Ian born 22.4.2001 and Stevie Lee Christina born 25.7.2004. Edward Alan born 12.5 1950. Christine Anne born 21.7.1953 married Peter Harrop (30.11.1985): Their  children were : Arron,  Jason (partner Patricia Sisk,child Kian Sisk Harrop),  Michelle born 4.9.1985 and Luke Edward born 25.11.1988. Josephine Mary born 22.1.1957 married Peter Burden born1957 on 7.10.1985.Two children ,Adam born 30.4.1986 and Daniel born 6.7. 1988.

 Joan and Robert James Russell’s children: Jean Priscilla born 23.7.1946, Christopher Peter born 6.8.1947 and Anthony Leonard born17.8.1948. Jean Priscilla married ? and had four children: Jonathan,  Robin,  Martin and  Stephanie. Christopher Peter married ? and had two  children Bruno and Danielle.

 MARY EMMA  was born in Netherthong about 1896 and died1919.  In 1911 she boarded with Coldwell (Butchers of Wilshaw) and worked as an errand girl at a Cotton Mill. She died of Cancer and  had a daughter named Hilda born 22.6.1920 and died 29 Sept 1995.  (Mary Emma is probably  buried in the churchyard at Wilshaw). Hilda’s father was called Bill Saunders and  she was born out of wedlock whilst he was in the Army. Although Mary Emma and  Bill were later married, Hilda was brought up as one of the Roebuck sisters and lived in the cottage at Ox Lane Farm before moving to Honley about 1947. She married Douglas Baker, born3.12.1916, from Meltham who died in Helme Nursing Home in 1999/2000 and  she died peacefully at her home in Roundhay, Honley of a heart attack. She was cremated at Huddersfield Crematorium on 29.9.1995. They had a daughter Patricia, born 5.5.1943, who married Geoff Haigh, born19.12.1939, from Holmfirth. . Pat and Jeff had a son Jonathan Haigh born 2.6.1971. (Last known address of Patricia is Scarcroft/Wetherby).

 MARION , born circa 1917 and died ??,   married  John Lumb and  they lived in the Barnsley District. They had two children Barry and Keith. Barry died at the age of 12 years of tuberculosis. Keith Lumb married a Sandra ?. He left home  after his brother died and was cared for by a Mr & Mrs Carr. They all lived in Wombwell near Barnsley. The friendship between Marion and Mam (Connie) introduced her to my dad John. She was a gentle lady always with a smile. Keith maybe lives in Harley, Rotherham or Barnsley area (2007) and  has two children.

 DAD

JOHN  ROEBUCK                      married                     CONSTANCE  DUNSTAN

29.12.1910 – Sept 1978               1940                      21.9.1917 – 13.11.2004

Age 67                                                                Age 87

 

JOHN  – Born on 29th December 1910 and married Constance Dunstan of Alma Cottage,Meltham on February 17th 1940 at Helme Parish Church in the presence of James William, Arthur Dunstan and Elsie Heywood (Mam’s best friend). Constance was born on 21.9.1917 at 105 Burnaby Street, Sheffield. Her mother was Mabel Dunstan but she was brought up by her grandparents, Arthur J.Dunstan and Helen Dunstan (nee Ward) in Meltham.

 Children: Derek,Brenda,Keith,Edward,Stephenand Michael.They all attended Netherthong Primary School.

 They all lived at Ox Lane Farm, Moor Lane, Netherthong.  John died aged 67 yrs in 1978 and was buried with his son Edward in Netherthong Parish graveyard .(Grave No 451 or H51). He inherited Ox Lane Farm from his father HIRST Roebuck and later handed it down to his sons Derek and Keith Roebuck.

Dad – John Roebuck purchased the adjacent land and  buildings known as Brownhill Farm in 1958.Keith Roebuck owns and lives there. (The Deeds for Ox Lane Farm were transferred to Dad in 1971 and should be held at the Solicitors).

All the usual traditions were carried on at Ox Lane Farm, the making of butter and Dad would also make a little pat for me ,the delivery of milk with the horse and cart where people would bring out their jugs,  the Christmas Day tea when all the Roebuck family would gather. Dad worked hard, as did Mam, but Dad, like his father before him, was quite a heavy drinker at weekends. Sometimes we didn’t see him from Friday night until Sunday night and we had to get Jim Horncastle to come to milk the cows. On the surface Dad was a very hard man, but I believe he was quite soft inside somewhere. His favourite song was “Danny Boy” and his favourite flowers were carnations.

 CONSTANCE  born 21.9. 1917 and died13.11.2004.She had a stroke in May  2003 and ended up in a Nursing Home at Helme Parish (not far from where she lived with her Grandparents until getting married to John Roebuck on February 17th 1940.) She died aged 87 years and was buried in Netherthong Parish graveyard (grave no: 451 or H51). Her mother was Mabel Dunstan but her father was never known. She had a younger sister, May, who died in 1977? of an overdose. (May had a brain tumour which she knew about because she had been a SRN). She was a very hard working lady ever true to her duty as a mother and wife and always on the side of the under dog  Her raport with animals (especially dogs) was amazing.

 DEREK was  born 27.7.1941  at Elm Wood Hospital,Holmfirth due to slight complications at birth (stuck).  Lives at Ox Lane Farm, Netherthong. He  never married and was left 50% of Ox Lane Farm/Brownhill Farm in his father’s (John) will.

 JOHN KEITH was born on 13.3.1944 at Ox Lane Farm.  He married Kathleen Gash on May 22 1970 and was later divorced. His children were : Anna Marie born 24.1.1972 at Princess Royal, Huddersfield and  Brian Keith. Brian was born 13th August 1974 at Holme Valley Memorial Hospital but he died two years later of a brain tumor  and was buried in Netherthong graveyard in Grave 451/H51. Marie married Peter Marcus Lloyd (born 27 Oct 1965) on 6th March 1999 at Huddersfield Registry Office and  they have a son Richard John born 15.11.1999 at Huddersfield Royal Infirmary. They are currently living in Linthwaite Nr Huddersfield. Keith was willed 50% of Ox Lane Farm/Brownhill Farm by father (John).

 STEPHEN 5.8.49  was born at Ox Lane Farm on 5.8.49. He ran away to Gretna Green with his girlfriend, Cathy Barkham, but they were caught and  brought back home where they lived together and had three children, Stevie ( Stephen John ),  Sharon and Shaun.  Stevie born 23 March1970 married Lisa O’Brien from Ireland but later divorced. They had three children, Stephen Christopher born 6th March 1991 in Ireland,  John Michael born 14th August 1992 in UK and Gypsy Lee born 7th February 2000 in UK. In 2006 Stevie  lives in thecottage at Ox Lane Farm. Shaun Dylon born ?   is married and lives in Blackpool? There are 2 children, Conner born 12th October 1998 and a baby girl born ??. Sharon Michelle  born12th August 1971 has 2 children but is not married.  Lewis Raymond born 27th December 2003 and Katie Michelle born 26th November 2005. Stephen now lives with his partner Shirley (nee Barkham) in Rastrick Brighouse.

 JAMES EDWARD was born at Ox Lane Farm on 21.9.1945 . He was  drowned in the Old Mill dam at Moor Lane aged six years  on September 13th 1952. and was buried in Netherthong graveyard on September 17th 1952 in Grave No 451 (or H51) with Brian Roebuck (Age two years) and Mam & Dad. ( details of the accident are in the Roebuck chapter ).

 MICHAEL –   Michael was born at Princess Royal Maternity Hospital in Huddersfield on 17.8.57. In 2006 he lives with Lynne Cooper, born 1966, in Marsden and  they have four  beautiful blonde daughters named: Zoe born1992,  Amy born1993,  Jodie born1995 and Chloe born1999 (Chloe was severely brain damaged at birth). Michael also has a son called Shane Cooper born 1987. Shane is married to Charlene Dixon born1989 and  they have two children, Cody born 2010 and  Casey born 2006.

 BRENDA                married                         ALAN  QUARMBY

20.1.1943             5.10.1963                           24. 9.1945

 BRENDA was born at Ox Lane Farm on 20.1.43 and married Alan Quarmby of Armitage Bridge,Huddersfield on 5th October 1963 at Wilshaw Parish Church. She was divorced on  29.12.1978 and had one son, Simon Hirst Quarmby born 27.11.1965.  She later lived with one Stephen Angell until 1994 (son of Hilda and George Angell of Rawmarsh, Rotherham) and  they were co-founders of the Entertainment Agency, Angle Entertainments in about 1977 They had one son, Shaun S.Angell born15.5.1973. Brenda lived firstly at 37, Golcar Brow Road.Meltham, followed by a short spell at RAF Finningley and then for 27 years at Rose Cottage,High Street,Braithwell,near Rotherham. She aas an Entertainment Agent and retired in 2002 and now lives at 10, Broom Close,Tickhill,Doncaster. ( She never re-married !!!).

 SIMON HIRST was born 27.11.65 in St.Lukes Hospital, Huddersfield and was the son of Brenda and  Alan Quarmby, who later divorced in 29.12.78. He is married to Claire Goodgrove with three daughters, Hayley born 16.10.92 and Mya born 15.6.99. Shannon was lost at birth on 26.11.1997.  They live in Braithwell near Rotherham. Simon and  Claire were married at Maltby Parish Church on 14th September 1991,  divorced and  later re-married each other on 15th July 2000 at Braithwell Parish Church. Simon is an Entertainment Agent/Promoter and became President of the Agents’ Association of Great Britain in 2011..

 HAYLEY DANIELLE born 16.10.1992  Academically clever and went to Maltby Academy and Wickersley College.He started at Leeds University in 2011 studying Mathematics.

 SHANNON born 26.11.1997 and died the same day.26.11.1997  He is buried in Braithwell churchyard, South Yorkshire.

 MYA PAIGE born 15.6.1999  She is a very good Gymnast ,is good at School ( Malrby Hill Top Jnr./ Maltby Academy)  and  has the makings of being a model !!!

 SHAUN STVAN   born 15.5.73 Son of Brenda Quarmby and  Stephen Angell. He married Victoria Butcher, born 10.4.1972, in the Dominican Republic on 21 September .1998 and they have a son, Samuel, born 16th April 2002 in Rotherham District Hospital. They live in Maltby, near.Rotherham. Shaun is a brilliant golfer and wins many national competitions. He was in the British Army (Sphinx Troop 59 (Asten) Bty 1st Royal Artillery 1993 – 1997). He now works as an Entertainment Agent for Angle Entertainments (an Agency set up by his Mother Brenda & Father Stephen  c.1977)

 SAMUEL born16.4.2002   He is a good scholar, practising golfer and footballer and is   to his X-Box. Also a practising footballer. He moved to Maltby Academy 2012 from Maltby Hilltop Junior School.

Holmfirth District Council – Netherthong Ward

The County Council made an order adding Netherthong and Deanhouse to the District of Holmfirth with effect from March 31 1912. The order provided that they would constitute the Netherthong Ward  of the Holmfirth District Council with three elected members. The first election of members was to be completed within ten days of that date. In the local elections, James Rodgers received 80 votes, Fred Moss 70 votes, Harold Wilson 54 votes and James Jackson 40 votes. The result meant that Rodgers was elected for three years and Moss for one year. It was not clear who the third councillor was but I suspect it was W.Hinchliffe. This chapter records the names of the nominations and where available the result of the voting. I’ve also included any pertinent references from the Council minutes.

March 1919 – Fred Ogden , a traveller, was elected with 111 votes.

March 1920 – two nominations with one member required. It was a contest between Benjamin Gill, cotton agent of Stormey Croft, who received 107 votes and  beat the retiring member F.Moss, Co-op store manager, by 30 votes.

March 1921 –  William Hinchliffe ( farmer ) proposed by Joseph Woodhead and seconded by H.Morton, E.Hobson, Joe Dyson, Henry Wilson, W.Batley, J.Mallinson and A.Wimpenny.

March 1923 –  two nominations.  William Batley, joiner and builder of Netherthong, proposed by A.Wimpenny and seconded by Enos Hobson, James Tunstall, Jackson and Henry Wilson, Walter Gledhill and W.Gledhill.  James Charlesworth, leather currier of Deanhouse, proposed by Fred Moorhouse and W.Wagstaff.

When Netherthong had its own Council it received a statement of health of the village every year from the Medical Officer. With the amalgamation the data and statistics were combined for the whole of the Holmfirth UDC. However the report by the medical office, Dr.H.Williams, for the quarter ending June 30 1924 is worth noting . He said that the amount of preventable diseases occuring in the quarter had been nothing short of terrible and was the most serious in the 28 years he had practised in Holmfirth. An epidemic of influenza and chicken pox had been followed by an epidemic of measles, imported from Honley, and an epidemic of a mild form of typhoid. There had also been some cases of scarlet fever and mumps. He reported that the Netherthong school had been closed from March 10 to April 7 due to measles. He finished by commenting that the holding of processions, fetes, garden parties, anniversaries and other gatherings of children was irresponsible in times of epidemics. In his report for 1927 he said that the water supply had been adequate for the year for the inhabitants and  there had been no actual shortages except at Netherthong where 1,424,000 gallons were purchased from Huddersfield Corporation. 

The Library Committee of the District Council reported that in the first quarter of 1928 for the Netherthong library there were a total of 76 borrowers who took out 145 books.

March 1924 – 1 candidate required. Walter Vernon Gledhill – Ty Bryn, New Road, Woolen Manufacturer.  Herbert Morton – Upper Hagg, Thongsbridge, school attendance officer. Gledhill received 228 votes and Morton 56 votes.

March 1928 – Fred Ogden, a commercial traveller from New Road, was re-elected unopposed.

March 1930 – 1 candidate required. There was no contest and Fred Lockwood, railway goods clerk, Alma View,Thongs Bridge was appointed

March 1931 – 1 candidate required. Seth Dyson – Wells Green, schoolmaster. Percy Norman Ricketts, Dean Brook, labourer.

March  1932 – 2 nominations with 1 candidate required . William Batley – Miry House – painter and joiner.  Mary Agnes Smith – Mount Pleasant, Thongsbridge – weaver.  The results gave Dave Batley 108 votes and Mary Smith 78 votes.

 March 1933 – 2 nominations with one candidate required. Reginald Hartley-41, Elm Avenue, Thongsbridge- railway clerk. Fred Lockwood- Bainwood, Thongsbridge – Railway Commercial representative.  Lockwood received 174 votes with Hartley a long way back with only39  votes.

March 1934. There was just one nomination. Seth Dyson Butterworth, schoolmaster of Wells Green, was proposed by J.Woodhead and seconded by H.Wilson,A.Russell,J.Dyson, B.Lockwood, H.Wood, A.Mallinson, A.Bradley, A.Sykes and L.Hoyle. In the 1934 election only one councillor was required and William Batley, a retired builder, was the only candidate. At the monthly meeting of the Holmfirth UDC in February, the principal topic was whether the Netherthong portion of the Council received its fair share of attention from the Council. An assertion  by one of the Ward members met with a prompt statement to the contrary. Cllr. Lockwood said that something should be done towards building development in the Netherthong area. Some of the best families had left the district to obtain better housing and the village was becoming more or less derelict. There were lots of heated discussions but , typically, no decisions were made.

March 1936 – There was one retiring member and Fred Lockwood, railway commercial representative, was the only applicant for re-election.

On November 21 1936, notice was given that the UDC would be extended to include Honley, New Mill and Holme.

March 1938.- 4 nominations for 2 candidates. William Edward Batley – The Meadows, New Road – retired builder.  Joe Dyson – Moorgate Farm – farmer.   Littlewood Hoyle – Melrose Cottage – Dyer.  Fred Lockwood – Bainwood, Thongs Bridge- railway commercial representative.   The election was keenly contested and the final results were Littlewood Hoyle -208.  Joe Dyson – 204.  Fred Lockwood – 201.  William Batley – 114.

The residents complained to the HUDC in December 1945 that in the Deanhouse side of the village they were getting nothing more than mud and water from their taps.  The surveyor said the contamination was iron coming from the inside of the pipes as the water flowed along them and the only thing that could be done was to continue flushing until it had cleared.

After the end of the war politics started to find their way into the local elections with candidates noting their political affiliation on their manifestos. March 1946.  The nominations were Littlewood Hoyle, “Melrose Cottage”- dyer and Mary Agnes Smith of Mount Pleasant, Thonsbridge – weaver and the result was Hoyle ( Ind. ) 304 beat Smith ( Labour ) 187.

March 1947- 3 nominations for 2 candidates.  Fred Lockwood – Bainwood, Thongs Bridge retired. Leonard Percival Colley- 67, Woodhead Road, Holmfirth- Office engineering inspection officer – Labour.  George Holroyd – Hill Crest, New Road – textile machinist – Independent.  The winning candidates were George Holroyd with 381 votes and Leonard Colley with 125 votes.

March 1948 – the results of the local elections were : Samuel Price Owens- Sand, Holmfirth – Schoolmaster – Independent – 385 votes.  Mary Agnes Smith- Mount Pleasant, Thongsbridge – Labour – 151 votes.

March 1950 –  George Holroyd – Hill Crest , New Road – Independent – his term of service expired so he re-stood and received 364 votes. His opponent- William Bramball – Labour – only received 90 votes.

At the monthly meeting of the HUDC in April, Councillor G.Holroyd alleged that there had been a delay in proceeding with the erection of council houses on the site at Netherthong which had been approved by the Council two years previously. The Vice- chairman said that the Council had agreed an allocation of 50 houses for 1950 that would go to Netherthong but problems with sewage and drainage had prevented them from making a start The Chairman of the Housing Committee assured Cllr. Holroyd that the estate was not being overlooked and that the architect was dealing with the roads and sewers.

May 1951 – Samuel Price Owens of ‘Cranwood Sands ‘, Holmfirth, Head Teacher, was elected unopposed for the Netherthong ward.

March 1953.- 2 nominations with 1 candidate required. George Holroyd, 35 New Road, textile machine exporter- Independent.  Denis Marshall, Holmfirth, accounts clerk – Labour. With a 57% poll, Holroyd with 325 votes easily beat Marshall by 155 votes.

May 1954 – The three councillors were returned unopposed.

In 1966 there were elections for two candidates. Charles Walter Pointon , a Technical Officer, of Hebble Drive, New Road, stood as an Independent and received 254 votes. Slyvia Whitworth, a housewife of Leas Avenue , was the Labour candidate and received 217 votes. It was a 42.8% poll.

In April 1968, William Littlewood Hoyle of Melrose Cottage, 151 West End, was elected as an Independent. Later that year in October complaints were made at a meeting of the Holmfirth Accident Prevention Council  about the inadequate signposting of the road to Netherthong and Meltham at the junction of New Road and Huddersfield Road. It was decided to ask Holmfirth UDC to consider recommending to the highways authority, the West Riding Council, that advance warning signs for the B6107 be erected at the approaches to the junction.

May 1971- with a 56% poll – the results were Mrs. W.H.Stangroom – Conservative – 324 votes beat W.Carter – Labour by 17 votes which resulted in a Con. gain from Lab.

At the beginning of 1976, discussions were taking place about Conservation Areas in the Holme Valley and parts of six villages in and around Holme Valley were being recommended as Conservation Areas. By far the biggest area was the Netherthong/ Deanhouse area which covered 30 acres and comprised the former weaving and farming community of Netherthong and the small hamlet of Deanhouse. At least three buildings were listed – All Saints Church and the 18th C  Manor House and Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Several other buildings were also important namely Deanhouse Mill and the Zion Chapel.

Netherthong Ward had two seats for the Holme Valley Parish Council in April 1976. The councillors were James McKenna from Hebble Drive – Conservative   and Nora Wright – Honley labour.

In September 1978 a Netherthong man was elected to the Huddersfield Community Health Council for a four year term of office. Mr.Duncan Haughey was the first representative from the Holmfirth area and was the Council’s first seriously disabled member. He was 32 years and  a tetraplegic and had been confined to a wheelchair since he broke his neck in a motor scooter accident 15 years before.

Holme Valley Parish Council general purposes committee heard about a dangerous junction in the village. Cllr. Norman Taylor told the committee that he had experienced three near misses in the junction of Miry Lane and the steep Dean Avenue. He said that Dean Brooke Road on the opposite side of the junction had a stop sign and one is needed for the avenue. The committee decided to write to the West Yorkshire County Council for action. In January 1979 the same Council refused a Parish Council request for a street light in St.Anne’s square because it was a private street. There were two vacancies in the Netherthong Ward in the 1979 Council elections and three candidates stood for the two seats – James McKenna- Conservative – Hebble Drive : Margaret Parker – Liberals – The Oval and Norman Taylor – Conservative – Miry Lane, Deanhouse.  McKenna received 209 votes, Taylor was one behind on 208 and Parker with 69 was not elected.

The Councillor Contacts for the Local Council for  2015-2016 for the Netherthong ward were Donna Bellamy and Judith Roberts. They remained the contacts for 2016-2017. The UKIP candidate for Holme Valley South  for the local Kirklees elections in May 5 2016 was Alan Schofield who had been a Netherthong resident for 20 years.

 

The family history of the Roebucks of Moor Lane

The family name of Roebuck appears throughout this history in many of the chapters. Recently ( October 2013 ), Brenda Quarmby ( nee Roebuck ) contacted me with lots of photographs and information about her side of the family name. She said that there were two families of Roebucks in the district and her family history search shows that her side came from Wood Nook/ Moor Lane area with 1755 the earliest date she has accessed and that they were all farmers. As the family name is well over 200 years old and members of the family are still living in the village, I’m hoping that this chapter will give a portrayal of  the life and times of a ” Netherthong ” family. Brenda has been working on her family history and has agreed to share much of the information with me so that it can be included in this chapter.( Wood Nook was a very small area on the left hand side of Knowle Road going down to Honley). A very detailed family tree has been given its own chapter.

This potted history  starts with William and Ann Roebuck 1808-1871.

“William was born in 1809 and as he grew up he worked on his father’s farm at Moorgate and, at the age of 21, he met Ann who was born in 1808. They married in 1831 and their first child was a son, Joseph, born in 1831. He was baptised at the Parish Church which had only been completed in 1830 thus making him one of the very first in the area to receive the sacrament.. The journey by a horse and trap took one and a half hours and as a measure of their religious strength they tried to attend morning service every Sunday. Ann gave birth to a daughter every two years although sadly one died at childbirth. It wasn’t until April 1844 that they had another son and called him Jospeh and two years later, in 1846 ,their last son was born and they named him William Edward. William snr. inherited a farm, further down the moor, called Woodnock which had a grand stone farm house. By that time all his children, apart from Joseph and young William were married and William snr. decided to sell Moorgate and set his sons up at Woodnock. Joseph had become a vetinary surgeon and was well respected and very busy in the district and often received art items in lieu of payment. William snr. died on July 13 1871 aged 61 years.”

The next  information I have comes from the very first National Census in 1841.  That census gave the christian names, ages,occupation and location of all Roebucks resident on the day of the Census.. The birthplace for all was given as Yorkshire. Their locations were given as Greave and Thongs Bridge. ( Both these locations were counted as being in Netherthong ).

Abraham – 6 yrs- Greave.    Andrew – 11months – Greave.     David – 40 years – shopkeeper – Thongs Bridge.    Elizabeth – 35 – Greave.    George – 31 years – Labourer – Greave.     Grace – 35 years – Thongs Bridge.   Henry – 15 years – Thongs Bridge.     John – 7 years – Greave.    Jonas – 3 years – Greave.    Judith – 13 years – Thongs Bridge .    Martha – 2 months- Thongs Bridge.   Susannah – 4 years – Thongs Bridge .   William – 9 years – Thongs Bridge.

In the 1851 census, the birthplace had become more specific and in the following list everyone had given Netherthong as their birthplace except for Grace and Susannah who listed it as Almondbury.  They all gave their residence as Thongs Bridge.  

Benjamin – 10months.     David – 3 years.    Eliza – 14 years – House Servant Outlane .    Grace – 49 years – grocer.    Henry – 25 years – spinner.    Judith – 23 years – Grocer.    Martha Ann – 9 years – scholar.    Mary – 26 years.    Mary Mellor – 7 years – scholar.     Susannah – 14 years – scholar.

Woodnook Farm – more memories

 Joseph stretched his back and wiped the sweat off his forehead onto the rolled up sleeves of his shirt and heaved a big sigh of relief as he looked around.  The cow, Daisy, was busy licking the new born calf from head to toe and it was already trying to suckle.  She was a good mother, had reared two previous calves, and now his work was completed.  Joseph went into the corner of the mistle where a bucket of water stood, the water was cold now, but the smell of carbolic and disinfectant was still strong.  He immersed his hands and arms as far as he could and scrubbed his nails with a very hard brush.  It had been an easy birth  but a long one, and he was tired and wanted a hot drink and his bed.

William, his younger brother, had gone to his bed two hours ago as he had only four hours sleep left to milking time. Joseph could snatch a little longer,unless there was a call from a neighbouring farm. He was a Veterinary Surgeon, but was expected to use his skill on their own farm. With a last look at Daisy and the calf, he blew out the candles and went into the farm kitchen. The fire was still warm and glowing, it very seldom went out and provided the only means of hot water, and the big black kettle was always swinging from its hook in the chimney breast.  He made himself a pot of strong tea and sat in a pensive mood.  He missed his father very much and wished that he could have lived to see their achievements.  William was working so hard with the help of a farm hand of sturdy build to help with the horses and a young lad to assist with the milking and cleaning the cowsheds.  The farm seemed to be running well and the new stables were nearly ready.

Earlier in the week, Joseph had been over Manchester way to a farm. Mr.Glover had bought a new herd of cows at the market. They were good stock, had cost him a tidy sum and he wanted the vet to inspect them and make double sure they were all healthy. Joseph had stayed overnight and the sight of Mrs.Glover in her pinafore, dishing up home baked meat and potato pie for dinner, followed by a creamy rice pudding and not strong tea, made him realize how much he wanted a wife. There was a young girl in the village called Rachel Spencer, he liked her very much and would call on her tomorrow.His brother never looked at a girl as he was rather shy.  Joseph and Rachel had a very short courtship and were married in 1872. Rachel set about making the big farm house comfortable for the brothers. She realised how close Joseph and William were and was amazed that when problems developed, how they discussed them together and more often than not ended up in agreement.  It was quite a large kitchen with a big fireplace and side oven, all to black lead, which was a days work to clean in itself.  There were two long settles at each side of the fireplace with hard padded seats.  The dresser took nearly one whole side of the room, with a full dinner and tea service in blue willow pattern, which Rachel had never seen the like, but loved it from the start.  A large kitchen table ,with a snow white wooden top, had visible signs of regular scrubbing.  Two wooden forms at either side of the table with a carver chair at each end, which the brothers avoided.  The first thing Rachel did was to make cushions for the carvers which encouraged Joseph and William to take their proper seats.  The good sized pantry with the huge stone slabs at either side was ideal for keeping milk, butter and cheese cool, the latter sold to more wealthy customers.

 The best parlour was beautifully furnished in Spanish Mahogany, Rachel was overcome with this, never realised the standard she would have to maintain.  A very large polished table stood in the centre of the room which Joseph said divided into three separate tables. It had long slim legs, carved at the top.  Eight dining chairs, four on each side and two carvers at the ends, all with black shiny horse hair seats, nice to look at but not too comfortable to sit on for long periods, the hair was very prickly and gradually worked through the clothing.  A desk with a glass cabinet on the top, filled with stemmed glasses and five elegant cut decanters, the glasses ranged from all sizes, sherry glasses to large goblets.  Rachel thought they must be very valuable, but the delicate china tea service with twelve cups saucers and three different sizes of plates, cream jug, sugar basin and matching teapot, left Rachel staring with her mouth wide open. She promised Joseph she would take great care of all these treasures and Joseph laughed and said, “they are only to be used on special occasions love, don’t fret”, and Rachel said “thank goodness” under her breath.  She had a rare sense of humour, her blue eyes would twinkle and Joseph loved her very much.

 Two large oil paintings of woodland scenes in gold plaster frames  and six much smaller ones decorated the walls.  A square carpet with a linoleum surround and the proverbial coloured plant pot in one corner with a healthy aspidistra in all its glory.

 The master bedroom was quite large, with a double bed with a thick feather mattress and a carved commode at the side.  Across the corner was a wash stand with a marble top, on which stood a china bowl and jug, soap on the matching soap dish and a thick towel with crocheting around the bottom, hanging from the rail.  Overpowering all, an enormous wardrobe in light ash, which was nicknamed “the cathedral”.  This had railed compartments at either end in which a six foot tall man could stand inside to hang the long and heavy clothes, as were worn in those days.  In the centre were two very large doors which when opened, revealed five deep trays which slid in and out very easily, and these were for smaller items of clothing.  Beneath the bottom tray, there was a shallow secret compartment, which was used to store private papers and documents.  Four drawers at the bottom all with white china knobs, and across the top a cathedral like pelmet completed this monstrosity, hence its name.

 William’s room was sparsely furnished, shelves filled with farming books, Rachel could see that Joseph had brought all his veterinary books in here too, and on the table under the window, the account books for the farm were open ready to enter the days events.  A candle stick with a tick, home made candle and a tinder box at its side, told its own story.  Joseph kept his books and accounts for his surgery in the desk in the parlour.  His pills and potions were also kept in there, only the brothers had a key, it was always kept locked. There were four attic rooms which could quite easily be made into bedrooms, but Rachel shut them up for the time being. William was content with all the arrangements and later he would suggest that Joe, his farm hand could sleep in one of the attic rooms.  The smell of frost was in the air and he knew only too well the roads would soon be blocked with snow and ice

 Rachel added her own bits and pieces to the farm, her bottom drawer had accumulated, she was twenty one, born August 23rd 1851.  Patch work quilts, antimacassars on the chair backs, cushions for the settles, pegged rugs and mats.  She loved the evenings with Joseph and William by the fireside, busy knitting socks and mittens, or darning their socks.

 Chapter II  —The Children

 Rachel bore her first child on the 8th of November, 1873, a boy, strong and healthy, fair hair and skin, blue eyes, “a true Roebuck”.  Joseph was delighted and William worshipped the baby from the start.  The child was baptised at Netherthong Parish Church and named Hirst, William was proud to be godfather.  Joseph’s mother, Ann, had been a tower of strength to Rachel during the first weeks of the baby’s birth.  She had stayed on the farm to look after Joseph and William’s meals.  Hirst was not her first grandchild by any means but she was very happy to stay and help Rachel get on her feet.

 The farm was doing quite well, the stable were finished and occupied. All the work on the farm depended on the horses.  Joseph had his own trap now, to help transport his instruments and bits and pieces.  He was well known and much respected, travelled far and wide, Bolton, Meltham, Penistone and Shepley and had to stay overnight many times in the winter, the roads were still very rough in the dark.  Rachel was thankful these nights to have the company of William and Joe, who was now lodging at the farm. Woodnook was very isolated and it was a comfort to Joseph also to know that Rachel wasn’t alone. Their second child was born in 1875, January 17th, a girl, Emma, fair skin and hair, blue eyes, greeted by Joseph again as being “a true Roebuck” and she was baptised at Netherthong Parish Church. Rachel was pregnant again in 1876 and a baby boy was born on December 10.  Arrangements were made to have the baby, Arthur, baptised at Wilshaw Church, the new christening font had been donated by the mill manufacturer, Joseph Hirst in 1876.  The roads to Netherthong were blocked with snow drifts, Joseph and William had a hard task getting the trap to Wilshaw.  Arthur was found dead in his cot at only six weeks old, death unknown (today it is called cot death).  He was sorely missed, Joseph had been so pleased it was a boy, Rachel was working hard to ease her pain, it’s a long time to bear a child, to have it snatched away so cruelly. Rachel was blessed with a strong boy on November 18th 1878, they hardly dare rejoice after the tragedy of Arthur, but gradually as the months went by and Benjamin grew stronger and stronger they could relax. William was now taking Hirst, who was now six to Wilshaw school every morning in the horse and cart, Emma was three and would soon be joining them.

 Rachel’s family rapidly grew, she bore five girls every alternate year :

            Mary Anne (Polly) was born 29th October 1880

            Lily 27th January 1883

            Ada 10th July 1885

            Lydia 23rd May 1887

            Alice 4th August 1889

Joseph and William’s mother Ann, died December 11th aged 78 years of age, 1886.

 The children all attended Wilshaw school, driven by William more often than not.  Joseph was a very proud father, Hirst, Emma, Polly and Benjamin had a wonderful photograph taken at school, Joseph bought one and had it framed and hung it in the parlour. During the summer holidays the girls picked fruit from the moors, bilberries, blackberries and took the younger children with them on picnics.  These were happy days which were remembered and talked about all their lives.  Making the preserves to last the following winter, jams and jellies, pickles, elderberries and rhubarb made into wine, black and redcurrant into syrup for coughs and colds.  All the surplus eggs were pickled in water glass in a big brown earthenware pot and placed under the pantry stone shelf.  Hams and sides of bacon were cured and salted, hung, wrapped in muslin, from the big hooks in the cellar below the pantry.  There were jars of goose grease from the goose which was always had at Christmas.  This was essential for rubbing on their chests in the bad months.  The Roebucks went short of nothing, everybody pulled together even the smaller children had chores.

Joseph found out, of all of his children, the one who could help him with his work, was Lydia.  She trailed after him as fast as her little legs could carry her.  The sight of blood never affected her and she could calm any type of animal whilst Joseph attended to its needs, Lydia knew from a very early age she wanted to be a nurse, to help cure grown ups she often said. Hirst and Benjamin were a big help on the farm, feeding the poultry, helping with the vegetables everything was home grown.  Rachel had a fresh supply of vegetables on the kitchen every day, with all those mouths to feed.

 Harvest time was the only time business was mixed with pleasure.  This was the one time in the year, everyone helped one another.  The big horse drawn threshing machine went round to the farms in turn and everybody helped.  The women folk had to bake extra bread and pies, pastries and big pieces of sweet cake.  They made lots of sandwiches, all of which were taken in large baskets into the fields where the men were working.  Milk cans filled with cider and bottles of home brewed beer were very welcome indeed.  It was hard work but they all put their backs into it and when the harvest was completed every farm had a lovely barn dance in turn.  Again the farmers wives provided the suppers, showing off their homemade wines and beers, meat pies and pasties.  Many a lad and lass were betrothed on those nights.  Sundays always being spent at either Netherthong or Wilshaw Church for the harvest festival, giving thanks for the crops and fruit gathered in.

 Chapter III —Growing Up.

 William had given his bedroom to the girls, Emma, Polly, Lily and Ada and he had moved to the attic with Hirst, Benjamin and Joe.  Lydia and Alice were sharing Rachel’s room. The biggest problem was keeping the chamber pots clean.  Joseph made them a very weak solution of disinfectant in a large bottle and made sure the older girls in their turn, cleaned them out daily. Emma took on the job of keeping the bed linen clean, the beds were draped to the floor with white starched linen valances, with a border of crotchet, these hid the chamber pots that were kept under the beds.  The pillow cases, table cloths and the pinafores were all heavily starched, also the men’s loose collars.  Joseph never went to work without a clean collar, Rachel had trained Emma how to iron these collars to perfection.  All the water for wash day was boiled in a huge pan and the pot hanging over the fire and this had to be carried outside to the wash house.  Here were kept the wooden peggy tubs, rubbing boards and a mangle machine with large wooden rollers, turned by a heavy metal cog wheel.  It was a day’s job to wash and all the following day to iron.  The ironing was done on the big kitchen table, covered with old blankets and a piece of old white linen sheet on the top.  The heavy irons, of different sizes, were heated near the fire, then spitted on to test the heat, rubbed with a cloth before pressing the clean garments. Polly and Ada took pride in helping Rachel with the cooking.  Lily was very easily tired and had to rest a lot, Alice was still only young and allowed to play with her home made toys.

 It was very seldom they were all in the kitchen at the same time. The meals were all staggered during the day, but there was a good hot meal at six o’clock for everybody.  Only on Sunday did they have their midday meal in the parlour, this naturally consisted of Yorkshire puddings, roast beef (Joseph always brought this joint back with him on Saturday), vegetables and a lovely creamy rice pudding which had been cooked very slowly over night in the side oven.  Those who were able, attended Church service, but Rachel really had too much to do and supervise during this period of her life.

 Emma, Polly and Ada contracted scarlet fever and were admitted to the fever hospital – Moorview, Meltham and this was a terrible time for Rachel.  She was worried that Lily and Alice would be struck down also, but somehow they were lucky.  She and Joseph would go to the hospital to visit the girls.  They were only allowed to see them through the window.  Rachel was too small to reach the glass and Joseph would build her some stones to stand on, so she could peer through.  Emma had suffered the worst, the doctor had put leeches in a small glass on her neck to draw out the poison. She had been very brave so the doctor had rewarded her by giving her the glass.  It was a very fine one with a curved rim and Emma kept it all her life.

 Everything was back to normal now at Woodnook.  Joseph had insisted the farm be spring cleaned from top to bottom.  He brought two widows from the village every morning before he went to work, made out his usual disinfectant solution for Rachel.  William and Joe helped with the carpets, which were beat on the clothes line with sticks. Lydia was taken in the trap with Joseph to a sheep which had been caught on the fence, in spite of her young age, she calmed the ewe, as Joseph stitched the wound.

 Chapter IV Changes

 On November 5th 1891, Joseph was struck down with a massive heart attack, at the age of forty seven years.  He died before the doctor arrived.  William and Rachel were devastated with this shock, poor Rachel held Joseph in her arms and rocked him gently until the doctor eased the body out of her arms, and William took her downstairs.  They made plans together.  William knew that Joseph wished to be buried at Netherthong and Rachel picked a plot for his grave, near the front of the Church.  Later she had a monumental grave stone erected with a bed of marble chippings.

 It was very quiet on the farm, but the work had to go on as usual.  William missed his brother very much.  Hirst was growing up, now eighteen, but somehow he wasn’t interested in the books and the accounts, so he started to show Benjamin, who by this time was thirteen years old, William also knew he had been left with a great responsibility – looking after this large family and the farm. When the will was read after the funeral, Joseph had left the farm and its contents to William providing he cared for Rachel and his family.  Rachel had inherited his money and each of his children were also left a small dowry for when they became of age. William continued to take the younger children to Wilshaw school. Polly, Lily, Ada.  Lydia and Alice and always made sure either he or Joe collected them. Emma was sixteen and a big help to Rachel.  No mention of her looking for a job yet, too much to do at home.

 Hirst had met a young lady and was courting strong.  Rachel and William knew they would have to consider his future.  Hirst had his eye on a smallholding, about four miles away, Ox Lane Farm, Moorlane, near Netherthong.  He and William saw it had possibilities and with his own money secured the farm.  Rachel saw he had live stock to ensure a good start and William helped with implements and food stock, a little money and his best wishes.  Hirst married Ann and started out on his own. He made frequent visits to see his mother and always went home with money in his pocket.

 Twelve months had passed since Joseph’s death and as Rachel was sitting by the fire she was thinking what was to become of them, the children were all in bed fast asleep.  Six girls and one boy to bring up, would the farm keep them all?  She gazed around the big kitchen where they had spent such happy hours, a tender smile came to her lips as she remembered Joseph’s words – the parlour is only used for special occasions – the last time when his body had been laid out on trestles under the window.  She burst out crying.  Rachel didn’t hear William come into the room.  He hurried over and took her gently into his arms and told her how very much he loved her.  He went into her bedroom later that night. It seemed the only natural thing to do. Rachel was very coy about her new love affair and hid it from the children.  William begged her to marry him but she was against this.  It came as quite a shock when she realised she was expecting his child as she was now forty two years old. William was absolutely thrilled to hear he was to be a father, but Rachel was adamant.  She would bring his child up with her family, but would not marry again.  She told the older children quietly about the baby and the subject was never mentioned again until the baby was born.  That was Rachel Roebuck, very purposeful, she knew exactly what she was going to do.

 Rachel gave birth to a lovely baby boy on October 22 1893, fair hair, fair skin and bright blue eyes.  Another “true Roebuck”.  William was so proud of him, cradled him in his arms to let the children have a peep.  They all loved William.  He had given them all the attention he could after their father had died and they looked upon him as their second father.  The baby was baptised at Netherthong Parish Church and named Harry.  Needless to say he was spoiled very much from birth, his sisters were all eager to nurse him and William was a devoted father. Hirst was continually asking for loans.  Rachel would go to the desk and write out I.O.U.s on slips of paper and keep them in the deed box, she knew there would not be a penny returned, but somehow she knew she had to help him.

 When Harry was two years old, a grand healthy boy, William suffered the same tragedy as his brother, a heart attack, and died on February 10th 1895 at the age of forty nine.  Rachel was heartbroken.  Benjamin was a tower of strength.  He and Emma made all the arrangements for the funeral.  Once again the best parlour was used and William was buried at Netherthong with Joseph, leaving room for one more – Rachel.

 For the first time in her life Rachel was alone.  She contacted her solicitors, Heap, Marshall and Healey from Holmfirth.  Old Mr. Heap had managed their affairs for a long number of years.  The last will and testament was read in the presence of all the children.  Rachel was left the sole owner of Woodnook Farm, contents, land and quite a substantial amount of money.  The children were provided for, kept in trust by Rachel until they became of age.  Harry, being the only child of William, had a special bank account which was put in trust as well.  Rachel to draw interest until he was twenty one.  Mr. Heap advised Rachel to sell the farm and move nearer to a village, for the benefit of the children.  It seemed good advice and she gave it much thought, wanting more than anything to live in Netherthong, nearer to Joseph and William.

 Emma was making plans to marry Fred Charlesworth.  He stood six feet tall with golden curly hair and fashionable moustache.  Fred was a master painter and decorator by trade and had recently passed his City and Guilds and had started his own business.  Fred had knowledge of premises for sale at Netherthong which he thought would be of interest to Rachel.  Emma and Fred were married very quietly and lived with Rachel.  Fred continued with his work, with the use of the pony and trap.  Rachel was grateful for their help and later went with Fred to see the property for sale at Netherthong.  It was an inn, the Queens Head, in the centre of the village, opposite the church and Rachel knew she had found what she was looking for. The farm and its stock were sold, Ben found good homes for the horses and Rachel moved to Netherthong.

Chapter V – The Queens Head

 Rachel had no knowledge of keeping a public house, but Fred said she would soon learn.  He attended to the cellar work for the first two days then found a man willing to work the bar and help.Emma and Rachel were busy arranging the beds and the furniture, some had been too large to fit, so needed to be stored, the “cathedral” was amongst the latter.  It was a case of sleeping four to a bedroom, Rachel had to make it work, she was determined, her one comfort was looking through her window, straight at the grave and that gave her strength.

 Ben wasn’t interested with this change of life style, he had met a young lad his own age, nineteen, who was going sheep farming in Australia, he begged Ben to go with him.  Rachel was sad, but didn’t want to stand in her son’s way, the family all gave him their blessings, and each a little gift and with his money in a home made money belt, left home for his new adventure. Polly went in the textiles, and she was now seventeen and knew her mother was having a job to make ends meet.  She started work at Learoyds fine worsted mill in Huddersfield, which meant she had to find lodgings near her work.

 Emma and Fred were expecting their first baby, Rachel was delighted, her first grandchild, a play mate for Harry, who had just had his fourth birthday.  It was a boy, a big baby of nine pounds in weight, with dark curly hair.  Fred had been a great asset to the Queens Head, he played the piano every night, he could not read music, but could play any tune by ear.  He did however come from a musical family, his brother Jimmy was a solo bass singer and conducted the Netherthong male voice choir.   Jimmy had three sons who played musical instruments, violin, cello and double bass, many a musical evening took place at their house. Emma loved to listen to them.  Trade at the pub was licking up very well, Emma was helping with the meals at lunchtime, pies and sandwiches and hot pots.

 Lily was still delicate, but tried a light job at Deanhouse mills.  She was fourteen and wanted desperately to help her mother.  Ada, Alice and Harry were very happy at school.  Alice had bought a few hens and a cockerel from Woodnook, they had a hen hut in the back yard and it was her job to care for them, Harry was now a keen helper and loved the chickens.  Emma’s family was growing. She had given birth to a boy, who was to be called Ben after her brother and a little girl Helen.  Rachel had heard   from Benjamin in Australia and he sent a photograph of himself sitting in front of a tent, his home, she cried to think he was so far from home with only a tent in which to live.

  Rachel was looking for a plot of land in Netherthong, she was going to build a new house.  Mr. John Batley  joiners and undertakers in the village found her a suitable plot, very near the school and the building started in the year of 1904. Emma and Fred had found a cottage, nearby in School Lane, she had four children now and both Fred and herself thought it was too much for Rachel to cope with. Rachel had adapted to her new life remarkably well and could associate with the different types of customers, in fact she was happy and at ease in male company.  She was still very good looking, her hair was naturally wavy and her slim body and waistline added to a youth like figure, in spite of all those children.  She was apparently “well off” as the rumour spread that she was about to build a new house and she was not without suitors.  But never in a million years would she re-marry and kept her family’s memory alive by constantly talking of them and keeping the grave well kept with flowers. The house was built of new, finely dressed stone and in many ways resembled Woodnook with added up to date facilities.  The two large bedrooms for instance and the cellar kitchens and keeping cellar were practically identical.  Harry was never away from the building site, watching the joiners with Mr. Batley, he knew at a very early age he was going to be a joiner.  Rachel was well aware of this, the money William had left was going to be a tremendous help.  Mr. Batley promised him a job in  his workshop when he left school.  The new hot and cold water system was the talk of the neighbourhood, this was installed in only two other houses in the village, one was the Manor House and Mr Batley’s own home.  The bath was large and deep, in white porcelain, this in particular caused quite a stir amongst Rachel’s customers. Fred was hired to do the decorating, this was a challenge and he intended showing off all his skills.  The woodwork was all painted medium oak and grained.  The edges of the staircase were painted black and white marble effect as the carpets never covered the whole of the tread in those days.  The sitting room ceiling was papered in anaglyptic with a moulded centre rose.  The cellar kitchen was supplied with hot and cold water too, with a good size stone sink, a good washing place.  The back door opened onto a hanging ground of rare size.  The earth closet was enclosed by a green trellis surround, very posh in those days.  The keeping cellar was a replica of Woodnook, with stone slabs, hooks from the ceilings, an added difference being the wooden meat storer with mesh  frames.  The old stone jar for pickled eggs found its home under the stone shelf.  The cellars were all white washed and looked and smelled very clean, and would be a great asset to the house.

 Lily, Alice and Ada could hardly wait to move into their new home.  Harry had made good friends with the joiners and they made him a new hen hut, so Rachel rented half a field adjacent to her house so that Harry and Alice could keep and hopefully increase their stock of poultry. The house had wonderful views on all sides, at the front it looked out over the cliffs so Rachel named the house “Cliffe View”. Before Fred papered the room he signed his name and date on the plaster walls with a great flourish he was proud and satisfied he had done a good job.

 Rachel sold the inn and moved with pleasure to “Cliffe View” in the year 1905.  Polly came home to help, Emma and Fred of course, Ada had started work as a maid in a large house, but she helped too.  There was quite a family gathering and Rachel received a letter from Benjamin, he was doing better and living on a sheep farm at last.  Hirst was busy on his farm and was not expected to help, the only time he saw his mother was when he had money trouble. Rachel lived a life of ease for the first time.  Lily was still very delicate , off work more and more often, Alice helped such a lot and was very fond of Harry in fact she was the tom boy of the family.  Their poultry had multiplied rapidly and supplied Rachel with eggs and the occasional chicken, to roast for dinner.

Polly had met a young man at work.  He was a warehouse foreman, Arthur Chambers, who lived with his mother and sister at Dog Kennel Bank, Almondbury.  In 1907 they were married and lived in a house on Leeds Road, opposite the mill at which they both worked, a visit from them was a welcome change for Rachel.  Lydia had kept to her wish of long ago and was nursing at Huddersfield Royal Infirmary.

Tragedy struck Rachel once more. Lily at the age of twenty seven had a massive heart attack, like her father before her, and died.  She was buried at Netherthong Church in a new grave, there was only room for one more with Joseph and William and that was reserved for Rachel.  It was great shock to the family, Lily had never been strong, but she had always been willing to help with anything, a lovely natured girl and Alice, more than the others missed her greatly.

 As time passed, Alice developed a keen interest in bicycles.  She was often seen through the village peddling away, in her long black skirt, short coat and straw boater hat, fastened on with a long hat pin, the latest fashion.  She was cycling along one day and had and accident, crashed into a big wall not far from home.  Two workmen on a job nearby saw it happen and ran to help her.  They carried her home, as they knew who she was and Rachel sent for the doctor.  Alice was unconscious, but there was no sign of blood on her anywhere.  The doctor came and examined her and tried to remove her hat, found the hat pin had stuck into her head, he removed it gently, but when Alice came round her eyes were absolutely vacant, she didn’t recognise any one, not even her own mother, the doctor said the pin had pierced into her brain. Alice had lots of tests and examinations but Rachel was forced to have her admitted into Storthes Hall Hospital, Kirkburton on January 8th 1913.  She was twenty four years old.  Every month, driven in a landau by Arthur Russel, the carrier, Rachel visited the hospital, but Alice’s condition never altered.

 Rachel was now sixty three years old, the shock of losing Lily and the plight of Alice  had weakened her very much.  She had a large oil painting, copied from a photograph of Lily, framed and hung on the wall at Cliffe View.  Alice would never sit still long enough for a portrait and this had distressed her.

 1914, That dreadful year when war broke out between Germany and England.  Harry was called up to join the National Service, he entered the RAF and Rachel had a letter from Australia to say Ben had signed on in the Army, this was shattering news and Rachel was devastated.  What was happening to the world. Polly lost her husband Arthur in early 1915 fighting in France, she had one little girl, Elsie, just four years old and Rachel begged her to come home to Cliffe View.  Arthur had been a very good husband to Polly, very well spoken and good mannered, their marriage had lasted only eight years.  Polly came home and started work at Bridge Mills, weaving, to support herself and Elsie.  It was hard work, not the type of weaving that she had been used to, khaki and air force blue and blankets for the troops, very heavy work and she was shattered when she arrived home at night after starting work at six thirty and finishing at five thirty in the evening – Saturday mornings too.

 Emma was having a struggle to survive, she had suffered one loss after another and she too had lost her husband Fred.  Polly pleaded with Rachel to have them all come and live at Cliffe View, and Rachel agreed.

 

 The first photograph is of Amy Roebuck born in 1903

 

Amy Roebuck b.1903
Amy Roebuck b.1903

The next photograph shows Mary Roebuck b. 1896 on the left and Hilda b.1920

Mary Emma b.1896 & Hilda b. 1920
Mary Emma b.1896 & Hilda b. 1920

Lydia Roebuck

A number of the younger Roebuck children went to school in Wilshaw and the two photographs below are dated 1913-14. In the top photo Amy Roebuck is in the centre of the front trow, Herbert is first right in the middle row and Arthur is 2nd. from the left in the middle row. In the lower photo Arthur is on the extreme left of the middle row and Amy is directly in front of Mrs. Bennion, the teacher.

Wilshaw School 1913-14
Wilshaw School 1913-14

children

 

school children
school children

Joe Roebuck and Frank Lyles are shown outside the farm in Ox lane in 1928.

John Roebuck & Frank Lyles outside Ox Lane farm 1928
John Roebuck & Frank Lyles outside Ox Lane farm 1928

The next photograph, taken outside Sands Farm, is of the wedding between the Roebucks and the Rotherys of Sands Farm in 1925/26. The back row from L to R was : John Roebuck, Herbert Roebuck, Arthur Roebuck, Edith Rothery and Mr.Rothery. The front row from L to R was : Ann Roebuck, Lydia Roebuck, bridesmaid ?  and Mrs .Rothery.

Wedding photo of Arthur Roebuck and Edith Rothery at Sands farm.
Wedding photo of Arthur Roebuck and Edith Rothery at Sands farm.

Rachel Roebuck, 1851-1931, was once the owner/landlady of the Queen’s Arms. The photo shows her in the front garden of Cliffe View at the top of Thong Lane with a view of Deanhouse behind her.

Rachel Roebuck, owner and landlady of the Queens Arms
Rachel Roebuck, owner and landlady of the Queens Arms

The following are four more photographs of family members.

Benjamin Roebuck in Australia
Benjamin Roebuck in Australia

Joseph, William and mother Ann

 

Ben Roebuck in army uniform 1914
Ben Roebuck in army uniform 1914

 

Photo of William and Joseph Roebuck taken by Bamforths
Photo of William and Joseph Roebuck taken by Bamforths

 

Memories. These were told to me by Keith Roebuck who was born in 1944 and owns Brownhill Farm at the end of Ox Lane. The original village reservoir is near to his farm and he said that the Water Board built an underground reservoir at the Ford Inn on the Greenfield Road and ,in addition, there was another open reservoir and the  pipes ,which fed the Brownhill reservoir,  went right past his property. The water was then gravity fed to a pump house in the lane below and from there pumped to the village and the original concrete base and protruding pipe are still visible . The reservoir  was very popular for swimming and some enterprising soul had stocked it with trout but, once it was no longer the source of water for the village, the Board became very concerned over the safety because of the risks to people using it for  swimming and filled it in. Part of the embankment is still there  and the ” tower ”  with its level marks up the side can be clearly seen. Keith said that in the early fifties he would help his dad drive his cows down through the fields to Moor Lane and then along to the crossroads at Knoll Lane to graze. He can remember seeing Bamforth’s van regularly but traffic was generally scarce. In the village there were two fish and chip shops, one was in Giles Street on the left hand corner just before the junction with Outlane ( it later became the scout hut ) and the frier would have to light his coal -fire to warm the stove. It was very busy and opened all day Friday and always had orders from Deanhouse Institution and from Deanhouse Mill. It closed at 7pm in the evenings. The other fish shop was in a house just before Broomy Lea that was run by a Mrs.Hoyle and her husband was a driving instructor and taught Keith to drive.

 A family death  occured in September 1952 that shocked the whole village. A six year old boy, James Edward Roebuck, son of Mr. & Mrs. John Roebuck of Ox Lane Farm was drowned in New Dam. An unsuccessful attempt to save him was made by Norman Hobson of Holmroyd Nook Farm who dived into the water several times without being able to locate him.

Along with his brother, John Keith, they had been playing near the dam and when he fell into the water John ran home across the fields to tell his mother. Mrs.Roebuck and a neighbour, Mrs.Eveline Kaye, of Moor Lane who ran to the dam but could not see the boy. Mr.Gerard Hobson and Mr. Norman Hobson had also run to the dam and with Mr.Albert Briggs of Sands Farm tried to find the boy using a hay rake and a farm drag. Mr. Norman Hobson stripped off and dived into the water several times but as the water was very dirty he could not find the boy. In the meantime Mrs.Kaye had run to the village to ring for the police. When they arrived they eventually recovered the boy after dragging for two hours.

At the inquest the District Coroner, Mr.B.Little, recorded a verdict of ” Death by misadventure “.  Sergeant I. Williamson said that he was present when the body was recovered and that the New Dam was on the property of Messrs. Thomas Dyson and Sons, Deanhouse Mills and was private property with no public right of way. He estimated that the depth of water where James fell in was about 20ft. The Coroner concluded that Mr.Hobson had made a very commendable effort to rescue the child and that it would be quite improper for him ( the Coroner ) to make any suggestion for added safety precautions as the dam was on private property.

 

Interesting odds and bods – Part 2 -1917 to date

The original chapter of ‘odds and bods’ just kept on growing so, to make it more manageable,  I have split it into two sections.

The July 7 1917 edition of the Express had a leader headed ” The War and the future of the Express “. It reported that staff numbers had been reduced by 75% and the number of pages by 400%. It added that the paper was determined to continue. Fortunately it did. 

In this modern high-tech world  we take continual rapid scientific changes in our stride without batting an eyelid, but  history shows that this was not always the case with the Luddites being the most well known example of resistance to change.  The  introduction  of electricity to the village did not proceed without difficulties. There was  a strong resistance from many of the inhabitants with a number of public meetings being held  and it needed a lot of persuasion and publicity from the local electricity department to demonstrate the benefits. In October 1923, a Series of Electrical Exhibitions and Demonstrations were held , under the auspices of the Electricity Department of the Holmfirth UDC, at the United Methodist Church Schoolroom. One exhibition  showed examples of electrical equipment and the benefits of electricity in the home. Among the appliances shown were the Thor electric washer and wringer, an electric iron, cookers and radiant fires. The Cadillac electric vacuum cleaner attracted lots of interest.

When  the three churches in the village were eventually connected , the switching- on was made into a grand occasion – see the reports for the individual churches.

At the 48th. Annual Holmfirth Agricultural and Horticultural Show held in August 1924, H.Roebuck won two prizes for his chickens. In the Utility Class- Wyandotte, any variety hen or pullet, he came 2nd. and in the ‘any variety cock or cockerel class’ he came third. At the Brighouse Agricultural Show in September 1928, Mr.J.Mallinson took four firsts and specials for dahlias, violas, gladiolas and bunches of annuals. He followed this up  in the same month when he received  the highest award at the Honley vegetable and flower show.

The Express in July 1926 printed the following Public Notice.

West Riding County Council

Holmfirth Education Sub- Committee

Evening Schools – Session 1926/1927

1. Industrial Classes for Boys at Netherthong National school.

2. Housecraft Classes for Girls at Netherthong National school.

I had been trying for a long time to discover when the first buses started to run through  Netherthong and then, whilst  reading through the  1926  issues of the Express, I came to  April 24 and saw that it had printed a copy of the Bus Service Time Table from Holmfirth to Meltham. The buses were run by Haigh’s Garage, Holmfirth ,and the service started at the bottom of Victoria Street and finished at the Swan Inn,  Meltham, before turning round and returning. There was a morning service only on Tuesdays at 9.00am and 10.00.am and, for the rest of the week, the service was only in the afternoon/evening with start times at 1.00, 3.00, 5.00, 6.00, 7.00, 8.00 with the last bus leaving Holmfirth at 10.00. There were 5 stages –Holmfirth, Netherthong, Wilshaw, Meltham Golf Links and Meltham and the fares were 2d per stage or 6d for a through trip. It took 7 minutes for the bus to get to Netherthong and a further 18 minutes to arrive at Meltham. I’m still no wiser when the service first started.

 There was a bus service from Holmfirth that went to Slaithwate and on to Marsden which would have gone through Netherthong but I have no other details. However on October 13th. 1948, a Huddersfield Corporation bus en route to Holmfirth from Meltham skidded in New Road after leaving  Towngate. The vehicle swung round and became wedged with both the front and rear ends crashing into the walls at opposite sides of the road but fortunately, only one passenger was slightly injured.

The January 31st. 1925 issue of the Express was the first time it had  included a Crossword Puzzle.

In 1926 the Holmfirth District Council, ( which included Netherthong), discussed the question of adopting measures to make Holmfirth safer and lessen accidents due to the crowded streets. Fast forward 90 years and I wonder what the members of the Council would have made about the current traffic levels!

The area had an unexpected visitant in June 1927 and  much interest was taken in the flight of an aeroplane over the Wolfstone’s area. The ‘plane flew over Knowle and landed in a field in Honley Moor and, after staying a while, took off and disappeared into the elements. A large number of locals went to view the aeroplane but it was reported that the cattle and poultry did not appear to have taken kindly to the visitor.

Mr.J.Woodhead,JP, the chairman of the Holmfirth Memorial Hospital committee, gave a report in July on the progress of the Hospital scheme paying tribute to the generous support given by the public. He presented the following statistics since the hospital had opened in 1920. 1861 patients treated, 250 maternity cases, 1,161 operations, 711 X-ray examinations, 9,125 massage treatments to 369 patients, 7,934 visits by district nurse to 1501 patients, 7,634 visits by maternity nurse to 612 patients. 862 babies had been born either in the maternity house or under supervision at home.

  The big event of that year was the Royal Visit by HRH Princess Mary and Viscount Lascelles on Friday August 5th. The Right Hon. Viscount Lascelles K.G. D.S.O. opened the British Legion Fete and Forget-Me- Not Bazaar which was held in fields off Netherthong New Road. The grounds and woodlands comprising an area of 55 acres had been placed at the disposal of the committee by Mr.F.Brown of Somerfield. The bazaar was also held on the Saturday and  admission was 1/- on the Friday and 6d on the Saturday. The following two photographs were lent to me by Anne and Pamela Watson. The first one taken at the war memorial  at Holme Valley Memorial  Hospital on 5 August 1927,  shows Louie(Watson) Charlesworth on the extreme left behind the flag – she was selected as an escort to Lillian Ogden ( Mrs.Frank Platt.)

Royal Visit
5, August 1927.

The second  photograph was taken on 7 April 1928 when Princess Mary had come to open Holme Valley Memorial Hospital, ” Elm Wood”.

Opening of Holme Valley Memorial Hospital
7 April 1928

 In November 1927 , a change was made in the day for the issue of books from the circulating library at Netherthong. Mr. Butterworth, the hon. librarian, said the library would open from 6-7 pm on Mondays.

In April 1928 the Express carried the following advert which may bring back some memories for those of a certain age.

Egg Preserving

is safe and easy with our

Water – Glass

Just mix the Water-Glass in water and you have a

compound that will keep eggs in perfect condition

for many months.

1lb. for 70 eggs – 4d

Gledhill & Brook Ltd. Holmfirth

April 1929 saw the start of serious water supply problems. The Holmfirth UDC said that, due to the state of the reservoirs, the continuous supply of water could not be maintained. Notice was given that from April 26, water was only to be used for domestic purposes and any consumers found using water otherwise would be prosecuted. In July, industrial users were cut off but rains in August managed to prevent a complete stoppage of water supply. At the beginning of September, the supply of water had met the demands on the reservoirs and, with continued effort by all concerned, the Council was able to maintain a supply. However by the end of the month there had been no further rain, so the Council issued a warning that the supply could be exhausted at any time. They did however list a number of public wells of which the water had been recently tested and certified fit for drinking ( the one in Netherthong was at Wells Green ). They made arrangements with Batley Corporation for a supply of water but continued to encourage people to use water from public wells but in all cases to boil the water for drinking purposes.That was the last report for the year so presumably autumn rains were plentiful.

I’ve included the following report taken from the Express in August 1930 because firstly, although it refers to Holmfirth, the villagers would have availed themselves of the facility and secondly because of the wording which if used today would cause more than a little concern. It read ” The new swimming baths at Newfold, Holmfirth, are aptly renamed Holmfirth’s Lido and there were gay scenes at the opening with the Youth and Middle-aged joining in the fun.” It’s appropriate to report here that the “new ” £120,000 swimming pool , which had been the subject of much discussion and debate from 1973, finally opened on September 21, 1975

The Ministry of Agriculture & Fisheries designated 1930’s Rat Week to commence on Monday, November 3rd.The Ministry urged all local authorities to enforce the Rat & Mice ( Destruction ) Act 1919 for a special effort. A year later on Saturday, November 7 1931, another Rat Week was held with all occupiers of land and premises obliged by law to destroy rats. An earthquake which occurred in June 1931  was felt from Aberdeen to Jersey with tremors lasting several minutes. According to the experts the shock was the greatest that had occurred in England since records began. Three months later on September 4, giant floods descended on the Holme Valley. The first few months of 1933 saw two ‘major’ disasters. The first was in January when a flu epidemic swept through the Holme Valley District – shops, the Mills, schools and sports were all seriously affected and two months later the area experienced its worst snowstorm for 60 years and the Holme Valley was virtually isolated. The residents of Netherthong were marooned for almost a week.

At the Worsley Open  Show in August 1935, Mr. F. Ellis, Harroyd Farm, was rewarded three first prizes and also a special for the best of sex in breed with a red setter in the canine classes. The same month there was a major drought in the Holme Valley and vicinity as well as  affecting the rest of the country and was made worse by  the current heat wave.  Water warning notices were distributed in all the villages but it continued to worsen and became critical and required Batley Corporation having to supply bulk amounts. The Express in July 1935 reported on a small note that had appeared in a recent edition of the Yorkshire Post. It referred to a Netherthong man’s candidature in a General Election that took place one hundred years ago ( 1837 ). It stated ” A 100 years ago a General Election was held following the accession of Queen Victoria. In the West Riding the election for two members gave the following results. Lord Morpeth 12,576 : Sir George Strickland 11,892 : Hon – John Stewart – Wortley 11.480. Samuel Wood ( Slaithwaite ) 1 vote : Eliha Hobson 1 vote. The last two got their 15 minutes of fame. 

June 1939 was a joyous occasion. Mr. & Mrs. Alfred Mallinson, who celebrated their Golden Wedding, were both born 74 years earlier at Netherthong. They attended the village school together and were in the same class. Both worked at Deanhouse Mills and were married at the Parish church. Alfred retired at 71 years after completing 57 years at the mill. They had a son and two daughters.

In October that year  the blackout restrictions came into force.  A man  was summoned for being drunk and disorderly in Holmfirth. It was stated that when he was spoken to , he replied “ Where am I ? Who has turned the lights out ? “ He was fined £1.

The Express carried a report headed “Britain’s Oldest Woman Organist “. It said that Mrs. Sarah W. Jackson of St.Annes Square, who was 89 years old ,was perhaps the oldest woman organist in Britain and possibly in the world. Since the age of 17 she had been the “ voluntary “ organist at Netherthong Parish Church. ‘She refuses to admit she is old, eats what she likes, dresses carefully and enjoys company and, up until a few years ago, she was a regular on the Choir’s annual trips.’

The  following report is also included in the chapter on the history of the Roebuck family of Moor Lane.

Memories. These were told to me by Keith Roebuck who was born in 1944 and owns Brownhill Farm at the end of Ox Lane. The family name goes back to the 17th. century and is mentioned numerous times in various chapters in this history. The original village reservoir is near to his farm and he said that the Water Board built an underground reservoir at the Ford Inn on the Greenfield Road and in addition there was another open reservoir and the  pipes ,which fed the Brownhill reservoir,  went right past his property. The water was then gravity fed to a pump house in the lane below and from there pumped to the village and the original concrete base and protruding pipe are still visible . The reservoir  was very popular for swimming and some enterprising soul had stocked it with trout but, once it was no longer the source of water for the village, the Board became very concerned over the safety because of the risks to people using it for  swimming and filled it in. Part of the embankment is still there  and the ” tower ”  with its level marks up the side can be clearly seen. Keith said that in the early fifties he would help his dad drive his cows down through the fields to Moor Lane and then along to the crossroads at Knoll Lane to graze. He can remember seeing Bamforth’s van regularly but traffic was generally scarce. In the village there were two fish and chip shops, one was in Giles Street on the left hand corner just before the junction with Outlane ( it later became the scout hut ) and the frier would have to light his coal -fire to warm the stove. It was very busy and opened all day Friday and always had orders from Deanhouse Institution and from Deanhouse Mill. It closed at 7pm in the evenings. The other fish shop was in a house just before Broomy Lea that was run by a Mrs.Hoyle : her husband was a driving instructor and had taught Keith to drive.

At the November 1936 show of the Holmfirth Pigeon Fanciers Society, Mr.H.Wilson, of the village,   was very successful when he obtained a 2nd. for a Racing homer pigeon adult cock, a 2nd. and 3rd. for an adult hen and 1st. prize for any pigeon bred by an exhibitor.

Following the beagles was a very popular pastime and the Holme Valley Beagles were well supported by the inhabitants of all the surrounding villages and hamlets. One Sunday in March 1939 the Beagles started from Deanhouse. The hounds found the ‘ puss ‘ near the Institution, ran towards Holmroyd and on to Lower Oldfield.  ‘Puss ‘ doubled back to Howards, Miry Lane and Holmroyd Wood then onto Larch Wood, Banks Wood, Holmroyd, the Institution, Lower Oldfield and down to Gift wood before finally ending at Honley Cricket field. The Huntsman made a sporting move and called the hounds off. I have included more details in the chapter on Sport.

  Whilst there is no record of her ever coming up to Netherthong, the big talking point in September 1941 was Fenella the tigress who could often be seen “ going walkabout “ in Holmfirth. A number of books about her have been published.

One of the popular attractions at The Hope Bank Amusement Park was a Zoo and in July 1949 a baboon escaped from its enclosure in the morning and remained at large almost all day before being captured in the evening. There was another incident  in February 1951 when a two year old Russian Bear called Tasha escaped from its cage. She had made a hole at the back of it which allowed her to squeeze through but it was fortunately too small to let the larger four year old male bear,  Bruno, escape. An appeal for aid was answered by the local police and the RSPCA but attempts to get Tasha back into her cage were unsuccessful and she wandered round the zoo causing the other bears in captivity to become very agitated. As the afternoon drew on , it was decided that she must be destroyed before it got too dark. Seemingly aware that her fate was drawing near she scaled a tree and went right to the top. Two RSPCA inspectors took aim with their rifles and she fell to the ground. With further rifle shots and humane killers her death was made sure.  Bruno  also had to be destroyed for it was feared that without his mate he could get out of control.

As an example of what earnings were in 1942  the Express published the Cost of Living Wages for bleaching, dying, printing, finishing etc for the ensuing next 3 months.

Age   Rates per week of 48hrs for males     females

14                         20/-                                     16/-

16                        26/-                                     21/-

18                       44/-                                      40/-

21                       64/

In August 1942 about 60 women, mainly from Netherthong, attended a demonstration of outdoor cooking held in a field in the village under the auspices of the Housewives scheme of the WVS. The demonstration was by Mrs. Burth with Mrs. Veronica Gledhill as her chief assistant. In January 1943 the Netherthong WVS held their 3rd. series of lectures and classes – a government “ blitz cooker “ was erected and  Mrs. Brook of Honley demonstrated blitz cookery and the Netherthong Girl Guides collected herbs for use.

In September there were 150 entries , including three from Netherthong, at the first ever members – only show for the Holmfirth Rabbit Club.

At the end of the year there was a Christmas wedding at the Wesleyan Methodist Church on Boxing Day between Bombardier Albert Cartwright of Denegarth, Deanhouse, and Miss Phyllis Wagstaff of Rob Roy, Netherthong. The bride was a Sunday school teacher, a member of the choir at the Chapel and a lieutenant in the Netherthong Girl Guide Company.

The whole area was agog with excitement in January 1943 when the famous Yorkshire and England cricketer, Len Hutton visited Holmfirth. He played with a Honley X1 against a Holmfirth team and scored 63 not out.The game attracted large crowds and the proceeds went to the Holme Valley Red Cross Comforts Fund.

The Ministry of Food had been encouraging people to rear rabbits to augment their meat supplies. This in turn had prompted townsfolk to breed rabbits as pets and also to exhibit them.  In October 1943, Holmfirth  Rabbit Club held their second open exhibition. A Netherthong youth, Clifford Leake, was the most successful exhibitor and, with an ermine rex , he won three first prizes and his exhibit also won the “ Fur and Feather “ special prize for the best rabbit in the show.. 

 On May 29 1944, a cloudburst in the Holme Valley caused havoc and widespread damage which resulted in three deaths. At 6pm, a little to the west of Bilberry reservoir, a cloudburst caused mighty torrents to swell the River Holme which rose to 18 feet. It poured through Holmfirth and Mrs. Milligan, a resident of Netherthong, says she can remember as a young girl returning home with her mother from the theatre in Holmfirth and seeing the waters flooding down the roads but they were fortunate to be near New Road  and could escape up the hill.  At a public meeting held in the Council School a target of £200 was fixed for the village’s effort for the Holmfirth Flood Relief Fund and it was agreed that the Annual Field Day, planned for August , which normally gave its proceeds to the Comforts Fund would instead be given to the Relief Fund.

One of the worst snowstorms ever known in the district  led to Britains big ” freeze- up “. Thomas Dyson & Sons Deanhouse Mills closed down with the exception of about 20-25 people on essential work. Mr.C.S.Floyd said that the company had sufficient fuel to keep the mill going but only 10t had been delivered in the last week and, if there were no more deliveries, the mill would have to shut down. German POWs and Polish soldiers were brought in to clear Greenfield Tunnel. A wedding in March 1949 was the very first marriage of two displaced persons to take place in a local place of worship. 50-60 Estonians were employed in various mills in Holmfirth  and several ladies were employed at Deanhouse hospital ( see details). The bridegroom, Mr.Lambit Raitare, called for his bride at Deanhouse Hospital , where she had been employed as  a ward orderly, a few minutes before the ceremony as per the Estonian custom. The couple were married in All Saints Church according to the rites of the Church of England by the Rev.S.Black, the vicar, and Dean J. Taul, of the Estonian Legation in London, performed an Estonian marriage service. Mr. Harold Pearson was the organist. The bride was attended by Miss Mai Penter, one of her fellow workers at the Hospital. Ten of the bride’s colleagues from the hospital and three from Holme Valley Memorial Hospital were also present. The wedding was celebrated in traditional Estonian style in the evening when about 30 Estonian guests attended a reception at Washpit Mills canteen where the groom was employed. After the wedding the Estonian pastor visited the home of another Estonian couple at Deanhouse and baptised the month-old daughter of Mr. Kalje Sadem and Mrs. Silvia Sadem. Before her marriage she was employed at Deanhouse hospital and her husband worked at Washpit Mills.

January 1945 saw the newspaper change its name to the Holmfirth Express & District Reporter, and there  was a further change on September 9th. 1967 when the Holmfirth Express incorporated the Honley & Meltham Express. The issue of the Express for March 29 1947 carried the following notice from the HUDC. that allotments were vacant at Netherthong ( I’m still trying to find out where they were located and when they ceased ). 

An Estonian celebration was held in the Parish Church in July 1949. More than 300 Estonians took part in a festival to commemorate the founding of the Estonian Republic in 1919 with a special gathering in All Saints’ Church.The exiles came from many towns and cities in the North of England and the services were conducted by an Estonian minister, Pastor Reinaru, from Selby. After the service, tea was served in the day school and this was followed by a social evening and dance. National songs were rendered by a mixed choir, a male voice choir and soloists.

The same month saw drought conditions return. 

Occasionally the Express gave the report from the County Librarian of the details of the  reading habits of the inhabitants of the village based on the number of books borrowed from the library and the number of borrowers. For the quarter ending 30 June 1948, 598 books and 52 borrowers,  For the quarter ending December 1949, the number of books were much lower at 278 but the number of borrowers stayed constant at 51. The next report was for the quarter ending 31 March 1951 and the figures showed a remarkable consistency, 290 books for 51 readers. 

A prizewinning rabbit made the local news in November/December 1949.  A Havana Rex rabbit called ” Myronne Rex “, owned by W.Fieldsend of Netherthong won 21 1st. prizes  and two 2nd. prizes in various under – five classes. Competing in the adult classes it won four 1st. prizes at Histon , Cambridgeshire and at a Huddersfield competition it won five 1sts., a best-of-show, a challenge certificate and a best fur diploma.

In April 1950, a Holmfirth & District Fox Club had been formed with the objective of eliminating as many foxes as possible. The meeting in June reported the death of 20 foxes and cubs. Every person, who had proved the killing of a fox by producing its body and having the brush removed by a club ‘ teller ‘, was paid the stipulated £1 reward. The Government made a contribution for each fox killed and various local farmers, especially poultry farmers, made donations. There was another report on the Fox Club in June 1951 and it said great service had been given by ridding the area of 60 foxes in the first year of operations. A further 47 had been killed since April 1.

All over the country in February 1953,  surplus clothing was being collected for the relief of the victims of the the flooding on the East Coast. A depot was set up at the Day School ( up to 4pm ) and afterwards at Holmleigh, the house of Mrs.Swallows.

For the quarter ending December 1953 the number of borrowers at the village library were 104 and between them they borrowed 429 books. The mathematics would indicate that they were not very fast readers. 

Nine different local organisations met in the School in October 1965 and there was unanimous agreement that there was a need for a Village Hall. A steering committee of Alan Dobson,Tim Beaumont and Peter Ball was elected. The organisations represented were : Netherthong Civic Action group, Scouts, School Feast Committee, Cubs, Netherthong Sports Club, Parish Church, Parochial Church Council, Senior Citizens and Young Wives group.

Later that month the Civic Action Group Committee met to discuss the general tidying up of the village. The main targets were the surrounds to the well at Wells Green and the footpath from Deanbrook Road to Deanhouse Chapel. They also planned to find out  information about setting a weight limit restriction on vehicles going through the village. The next report of this Group was in April 1975 when they approached Kirklees to help them provide a football field in the village as the  team were currently having to play their home games at Thongsbridge.  Action was taken at a meeting  when three councillors sitting on the Kirklees joined the other 40 people present. The club  after promotion in the last two successive seasons   were hoping to make it a triple success for the current season and aid their quest for a football field.The District football league had asked the club to improve the facilities to provide changing rooms and showers or risk being expelled from the league. To the best of my knowledge no field was ever provided.  Fast forward to July 1985, when the Express reported that the villagers were planning a public meeting to discuss the formation of a community association. It was to be held in the parish rooms with representative s of various groups. Martin Brentham was one of the organisers and he said there was no question that a multi-purpose center was needed desperately but this had been totally overlooked by Kirklees Council. There was no follow up reports and as usual Netherthong was ignored.

The Meals on Wheels Service started up in the Holmfirth Area in 1958 but it wasn’t until 1981 that a fifth rota was set up in Netherthong with Mrs. Liz Kerchar as leader. Some new drivers joined the rota and those from other ” rounds ” did extra duties until more volunteers were recruited.

In December 1954 some of the worst gales ever experienced in the village and the Holme Valley, were prevalent for a whole week and considerable damage was reported. A tree in the plantation at Fairfields, New Road, crashed across the road blocking it and the Holmfirth – Marsden bus had to make a detour via Thongsbridge.

Damage estimated at about £100 was caused by a fire at the Fish & Chip Shop in Giles street in April 1955. The outbreak was caused by fat which boiled over and ignited. The Holmfirth Unit of the County Fire Services put out the fire with foam extinguishers.  A year later they were called out to another fire in the village , this time to St.Anne’s Square where a fire had broken out in a barn belonging to T.Wilson. Hay protruding under the door to the barn had become ignited and flames spread to about 3t of hay inside the barn causing damage estimated at £20.

Mrs. A.Littlewood of Netherfields was a very successful breeder of Cavalier King Charles Spaniels and the Express regularly reported on her success at dog shows. The first report was in 1957 and, at the Bolton New Year’s Day Dog Show, ” April Folley of Ttiweh ” won the Novice Dog or Bitch class. Later that year in June at the Blackpool Championship Show, ” Vairire Isolde ” gained 2nd. prize in both puppy dog or bitch ( 6 to 18 months ) and novice dog or bitch classes. The same dog won 1st. prize in the Cocker Spaniel class and also an award for best of breed at the Lancashire Agricultural Show in August . Also in August  at the Halifax Dog Show it gained two reserves in any variety toy novice and any variety toy open classes.  Competitions were coming fast and furious  and at the Birmingham Championship Show in September it gained 3rd. prize. The same month they went to the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Club open show at Hampstead Baths in London. ” Vairire isolde ” gained 1st. prize and the Freedman Silver Trophy for best special beginner’s dog or bitch and 3rd. prize in the novice bitch class. The next report was in March 1958 at the Scottish Kennel Club Championships held in Glasgow and the bitch gained 1st. prize in both the limit and open bitch classes and was awarded the Kennel Club Challenge Certificate. Nearer home in the same month she won 1st. prize in any variety toy at Brighouse Canine Society’s Show. Continuing her winning ways, she won 1st. prize in the Cavalier King Charles open dog/bitch class at the Royal Lancashire Show.

In August 1961 Mr.Bruce Roebuck of Green Cottage won the Huddersfield Scooter Club Auto-cycle Union safety badge tests. His total score was 281 made up of 53/60 for the Highway Code, 60/60 for the practical test and 168/170 for the condition of his machine. The very first colour TV set in the Holme Valley was installed in the home of Mr. R.Platt of Netherlea, New Road at a cost of 315 guineas.

At 8.30 on Wednesday June 14 1967, the manual telephone exchange, which had served Holmfirth ( and Netherthong ) for nearly 40 years, was closed down and  replaced by the new automatic exchange on Wood lane.

The paper gave a short report in October 1968 on the paintings of Duncan Haughey of Leas Avenue. Duncan is a quadriplegic with use only in his lower arms and wrists and he would be having an exhibition in the private art gallery of Ashley Jackson in Barnsley.

A truly cosmopolitan wedding was held in March 1969 at the Parish Church when no less than six nationalities were represented. The bride was Miss Lillian Buck of Leas Avenue  and the bridegroom was Mr.Vincent Brammal of Choppards.  The bride’s father and godfather were Polish and the bridegroom’s mother and two sisters were French. The uncle of the bridegroom was Belgian and the bride’s godmother was Yugoslavian. The bride’s mother was Scottish and finally the bridegroom’s father was English. The ceremony was conducted by the Rev. Frank Lord and the organist was Mr.Keith Jarvis. (They must have had a lot of very interesting toasts.)

Yorkshire TV station was successfully launched on July 29, 1968.

In 1974 the Express started a weekly article titled ‘ Miss Express of the Week ‘ and printed a large photograph of a ‘local beauty’ with her name, interests and vital statistics.   Miss Karen Taylor of Netherthong was selected for the January 31 1975 edition. She was aged 16 and her ambition was to make a free-fall parachute jump. Her hobbies included horse riding and cooking. Her vital statistics were given as 36-24-36.  (If you ever happen to read this History Karen, I would love to know if you made that jump). The village had a Mobile Library Service and, in May 1974, after the take over of responsibility by Kirklees from the West Riding, the schedules were revised and the new weekly service was on Mondays from 4.35 to 5.05 pm and 5.10 to 6.00pm. I’m guessing the first period was for the main village and the second for Deanhouse.

In April 1975, Tony Blackburn , the well- known Radio 1 DJ, opened Lodges new superstore. He has lasted a lot longer than Lodges and in 2019 is a regular DJ on Radio 2 playing lots of music from the ’60s – Rock and Roll will never die.

Rosewood Farm  was located just after the junction of Wolfstones Road and Moor Lane on the way to Meltham and some of the outbuildings could still be seen in 2010. The following advert appeared in the Express in March 1976.

Rosewood Farms Ltd. Netherthong. Try a Rosewood game Type Chicken or Turkey. Frozen or fresh. Guaranteed not to have been injected or soaked in water. Enquire at your local butcher.

The following photograph shows two children from the village, Rebecca Helliwell and her friend Lindsay enjoying the swings in what was the recreational ground in 1976.It appeared in the local paper with the following report …” at the time this open space was part of a battle between Kirklees and the residents. The Council wanted the site for an extended County and Junior and Infants School against the objections of local people. They promised to provide a new recreational ground with swings at the back of the school.

 

Rebecca Helliwell & Lindsay in Netherthong recreation ground 1976

There seemed no end to the diversity of talent in our little village and the following three articles illustrate the point.  In July 1976, Rachel Pearce of New Road competed at the 1st. West Yorkshire Highland Gathering  at Cleckheaton. She won 3rd. place and received a bronze medal for Beginners Sword Dance for 8 years and under, Cadet sergeant, Glyn Taylor represented the 1466 ( Holmfirth ) Squadron Air Training Corps in the inter- squadron sports held at Cleckheaton in May 1977 and won the discus and came second in the shot putt, Pottery work of candelabra and chandeliers , made by Julia Beaumont of Westfield House , were featured at Trevor Stubbs’ Studios in Greenfield Road in December 1977.

A ‘case of the disappearing water supply’ featured in the Express in January 1977 and it created headaches for the Yorkshire Water Authority and hardships for the residents of Broomy Lea Lane. The mystery began three months before and coincided with the end of the long drought. The taps started to run dry without warning and simply disappeared at frequent intervals during the week. The Water Authority admitted that they were baffled but concluded that it was probably a hidden burst pipe causing all the trouble but by the end of the month had not been able to trace it.

In March 1977, the Express reported that Mrs.Joan Greenwood, of the Manor House, said that recent happenings in the house had convinced her that stories about a ghost in the house were true. She had lived in the house for almost two years but had not been aware of the stories about it being haunted when she first moved to the village. Mrs.Greenwood said that one night about eight o’clock she came into the living room and distinctively remember seeing that the door to the dining room was closed.  She moved across the living room and heard the scraping of the living room door over the carpet. She thought there was an intruder in the house and went out across the yard and called on a neighbour for help but , after a thorough search, they found nothing. A week later, at exactly eight o’clock, she went into the dining room to answer the phone and sat down on a nearby chair. To her amazement the chair was warm but all the other chairs were cold. She said a week later a similar incident occurred when she went to answer the phone and again found the chair warm. Mrs. Greenwood said she was not bothered now but at times felt another presence in the house. She said that people had teased her with the idea that the house was haunted and some said that in their younger days they always walked on the opposite side of the street to the Manor House because they believed it to be haunted. The photo below shows Mrs. Greenwood on the phone and….. all together… who was she going to call ? – Ghost Busters.

Joan Greenwood in the haunted Manor House
Joan Greenwood in the haunted Manor House

On Sunday morning in January 1978, motorists were bemused to find some of the streets were temporarily closed to allow a boat, or to be more exact a large part of a boat, to proceed under ‘ manual steam ‘ on an epic journey. It was a 25’ boat hull which was the product of twelve months hard work for local builders, Malcolm Hobson and Derek Adams. They were moving it, not to water but to a village barn. The villagers turned out in force to see the ‘Ark’ transported to roomier  accommodation. About fifteen able-bodied helpers assisted Malcolm and Derek to move the 15cwt hull on its 100 yard journey  through the narrow village streets. The two men were planning to add a 2-berth cabin, bunks and an engine. As I continue to go through  back copies of The Express from 1978, I might be lucky to come across another article with further details – if not then we might have to assume it could have sunk without trace. Maybe someone reading this might know the outcome.

Cosy Netherthong cottages were featured on the latest collector’s plate from Holmfirth artist, Jenny Hinchliffe in April 1982. The limited edition of 500 decorative plates went on sale at £5.

Netherthong Collector's plate 1982
Netherthong Collector’s plate 1982

 

A Doctor, who resigned from the council of the Zion Methodist Church in protest of its proposed closure, planned to open one of his own. In November 1984 the Express reported on his ideas and printed a photo of Dr. Fursdon outside the chapel he planned to open as a Baptist Church. He had dismissed claims that the Zion Church would cost £10,000 to repair and he also denied that the building was riddled with dry rot and said that about £2,000 would bring it back to scratch. He was planning to open Deanhouse Chapel near the Zion Church which he bought 11 years ago principally to preserve it. He said he would try to open it as a Baptist church and estimated that it would cost him £10,000 at the most to put his scheme into operation.  The next report was in April 1988 when the Holme Valley Parish Council general purposes committee agreed that something had to be done about the Chapel which was reputedly the 5th. oldest chapel of Methodism in the world. They discounted Dr. Fursdon’s ideas about restoring it as a combined community centre and place of worship because of its position and lack of support.

Doctor Fursdon plans to open a new church
Doctor Fursdon plans to open a new church

The Express reported in December 1984 that a group of youngsters who were doing conservation work for their Duke of Edinburgh Award Scheme had unearthed a piece of Netherthong history. They had discovered an elaborate structure of wells by the side of Miry Lane. When they began work  the area was covered in weeds, grass and dirt. Mrs.Meg Parker who organised the scheme for the Honley area said they had been told that there was a well there but had not realised it was so  special . It was a mess when we started but then the steps and wells appeared. There had been various reports about whose needs the wells served, ranging from cattle to humans but they were unable to find when, how and why they were built.  The photo shows the youngsters in the well.

 

Youngsters at historic wells
Youngsters at historic wells 

Netherthong made the front page of the Holmfirth Express issue for December 6 1985 with the banner headlines – ” Hounds Run Riot- Claim “. Residents of St.Mary’s Estate claim they were abused and jeered at by huntsmen when a pack of hounds ‘ran riot’ through their gardens. Sunday morning peace and quiet was shattered when the pack followed by a posse of Land Rovers and other vehicles invaded the area in pursuit of a fox. Angry residents claimed that members of the Penine Foxhounds had allowed their hounds to run out of control across gardens, damaging flower beds and chasing pets. They had raced their vehicles up and down the estate’s roads in a dangerous manner, using foul and abusive language to people who complained about their behaviour.  The Netherthong postmistress, Mrs.Julia Scholfield, said she had told the huntsmen to get their hounds out of her garden. ‘They just laughed at me.’ The police were on the scene within a few minutes after she rang them but all they could do was to give her a name and address to write to to complain. Eventually the hunt was called off.

In April 1986 a competition to win a cuddly giant Honey Monster attracted more than 500 entries from local youngsters. It was jointly run by Lodges supermarket and Quaker. Karl Kiska from the village was the winner.  Unfortunately the quality of the picture below is poor.

Karl Kriska winning the prize of a Honey Monster April 1986

In early November 1986, Netherthong made the front page of the Express, when a 40 yard sheet of water flooded Miry Lane ,blocking access to St. Mary’s estate. After a flash flood, the stream beside Brook House Lane burst its banks- see photo. Two weeks later , the paper reported that the muddy overgrown lake, which used to be New Dam, could have been the cause of the flood – see photo. The following week torrential rain caused flooding in Miry Lane for the second time in the month. A blocked culvert passing under Miry lane was making the stream overflow into the road and blocking the entrance to St.Mary’s estate. The local postmaster, Jeff Scholfield, believed the problem was partly a result of recent work by Valley Improvement Programme on clearing and widening the stream which had in turn increased the water flow.

Miry Lane flood
November 1986
New Dam 1986

In October 1986, Carolyn Day of St.Mary’s Close passed the  Duke of Edinburgh Bronze Award – see photo.

Carolyn Day with D of E Award

 

The Holmfirth Express  celebrated 100 years in its issue  on December 12, 1986.  I can only express ( no pun intended ), how big a contribution the paper has played in helping me compile this History. I’m sure I’m not alone. Below is the header for that first ever issue.

Header for the first edition of the Holmfirth Express.

In the same issue, the Express included a photograph of the old Holmfirth Station. On October 31,1959 the last train pulled out of the town for Leeds at 4.52, bringing to an end over a century of railways in the valley. The Goods services struggled on for another few years until the last empty wagons were hauled away on April 28, 1965. The line was dismantled the following year. One can picture the scene  in the early 1900s of Netherthong villagers coming down New Road and Deanhouse Lane to the station in the morning and trudging back up in the evening.

Early photograph of Holmfirth Railway Station.

May 2013 saw the opening of the Cider Press Cafe and Shop – see the advertisement shown below. It was the brainchild of Alison Pollard and Robert North with Robert being the cider maker.

It became very successful, expanded its premises and increased its menu. As 2013 produced a bumper apple harvest ,  Bob North said that it would prove to be a vintage  year. They celebrated National English Apple Week in November with a day of  celebration which included apple dunking, an apple quiz, a hog roast and plenty of Pure North cider and apple juice. The White Horse Morris Men were present to add to the entertainment. The first photo is of Bob North with Morris man Gordon. The second photo is their latest advertisement.

Bob North enjoying a pint of his cider
Bob North enjoying a pint of his cider

 

Cider Press advert Nov.2013
Cider Press advert Nov.2013

Shades of Robin Hood and Sherwood Forest. In June 1971, 55 archers from all parts of the country gathered at Fartown cricket field to challenge Mr. Benjamin ( Arthur ) Lockwood and test their skills in an attempt to win what was believed to be the oldest sporting trophy in the world. The trophy was a silver arrow, known as the Scorton Arrow, which for the previous year had been held by Mr. Lockwood of 45, New Road, Netherthong. A group of archers first competed for the arrow, cast in silver, as far back as 1672 but it had been presented by Queen Elizabeth 1 nearly 100 years earlier. By tradition the winner of the previous year’s shoot had the privilege of choosing the site and Benjamin chose Fartown in Huddersfield. He narrowly failed to regain the trophy which was won by Mr.M.Seeber of Leeds.

The Lodges new superstore in Holmfirth was officially opened in April 1975 by Tony Blackburn, the radio 1 DJ. In September of the same year, the £120,000 swimming pool which had been the subject of much discussion and debate for the previous two years opened on the 21st.

Netherthong childminder Mrs. Delya Bull was one of the stars of an educational documentary. TV crews spent two days at her home in St.Mary’s Crescent filming typical events in a childminders day and the programme was screened on Sunday May 8 1977.

Sunday, July 6 , 2014, was a red letter day or, to be more accurate,  a yellow letter day for Netherthong ( and thousands of other people ) when the second stage of the famous Tour de France passed by on the Huddersfield road at the bottom of New Road on its way to Holme Moss.From early morning groups of people from the village had meandered down New Road with their folding chairs, picnic food and flags to camp out on the pavements. The tour caravan of over 200 promotional vehicles arrived at Holmfirth about 1.00 pm along with police motor cycles – all to the accompaniment of loud cheering. The riders followed at about 2.40 pm and 198 cyclists whooshed by at speed. After waiting for a few stragglers to pass it was a case of packing up and trudging back up the hill.

It was a unique day, the sun shone, everyone was happy and at peace with each other. It was a ‘ feel – good ‘ day.

The following photograph is printed by the kind permission of Ian Entwisle of Upperthong.

funnelcloud-over-netherthong

 Ian told me that he  took the photograph as he was driving back from London on the evening of 13 September 2016. It had been a beautiful day in London and for most of his return journey, but as he was approaching Sheffield he noticed ominous clouds building ahead over Holme Moss and plenty of lightning. It was an amazing spectacle and,  as he was driving above Hade Edge, he noticed  clouds forming on the horizon in what looked like a Tornado. It didn’t last longer than a minute or two but he had time to pull in at the side of the road and take a photograph on his mobile phone and it appeared to be situated above Netherthong. It looked pretty threatening at the time but dispersed soon after he took the picture, Although it looked like a tornado it was in fact a funnel cloud which is a rotating column of air not in contact with the ground.

The Community News Magazine is a free magazine ,which is published monthly covering all of the Holme Valley area.  Beside adverts for local businesses, it includes many  items of interest. Claire, the secretary, has recently ( 2019) included  an update of my history web site- see below.

Community News
Magazine 2019

In February 2019, the  Phone Box in Giles Street became the Netherthong Red Box Book Library – see photo below.

Red Phone Box
Book Library

In 2019 I spoke to Anne and Pamela Watson about their memories of their family and early life in Netherthong. ( for more details see chapter titled the Watson Family). One of those memories was using an Earth Closet that belonged to the Mallinsons and was located in St.Anne’s Square. Some time later I was told  that there had been an Earth Closet in the centre of the Square , sheltered by trees, for the use of the residents. As we all know, everything happens in threes and  the third  was  coming across a book titled Yorkshire Privies – A Nostalgic Trip down the Garden Path by Len Markham. It was first published in 1996 by Countryside Books in Newbury- ISBN 1 85306 443 2 – and such was its popularity that there were two reprints. It has 11 chapters including Privy Pongs and  Privy Poetry and is a super book, very informative and with many amusing anecdotes.  All this toilet talk  jogged my memory that in my Chapter on the Local Board and the early days in the village, there were numerous references to privies,midden privies and water closets and it seems appropriate for me to repeat some of them  for this paragraph.

In 1887 the Local Board resolved to purchase three dozen pound tins of Calvert’s carbolic acid powder for free distribution to the ratepayers……. in 1890, three people were given notice to stop throwing sewage into the highway at Dock Hill  …… in 1892 , seven new privies were erected……. in 1902, except for a few houses, the whole village drained to the public sewer system. There had been a big improvement in the removal of the night soil and the system was that anyone requiring a closet to be emptied, sent a notice to the surveyor who had a list of farmers who were willing to supply a horse and cart for the work. The Council men would clear the closet and the farmer would take the night soil onto his land…… in 1907  the Annual Medical report recorded that nearly all the closets were midden privies but there were 12 water closets.  It went on to say that two houses were entirely without a closet of any kind, in another case 11 closets were used by 12 people living in three houses . The worst case was of one closet that was used by 90 people, 18 of whom were adults, living in five hours.

 

Deaths of local inhabitants- 1930 to 1944 incl.

The first reported death in 1930 was of Benjamin Dyson, 79 years, who passed away at his residence, Moorgate Farm. Although he was a native of Meltham Mills, he had resided at Moorgate Farm for 70 years and for 60 of those years he had run a milk business supplying to Netherthong and district. He was also a trustee of the Wesleyan Methodist Chapel. The Express later reported that he had left an estate of £13,065.

March saw the death of the oldest resident, Mr. Fred Hobson, aged 85 years. He was born on November 5th. 1844 at Moor Lane and lived there for 20 years, afterwards residing at Oldfield and Deanbrook. He became a hand loom weaver and his last place of employment was Vickermans at Thongs Bridge. At one time he was one of the best swimmers in the district. With his death he was  succeeded by Benjamin Eastwood as the oldest resident.

Later that month, Henry Wilkinson of Deanhouse, who was out walking on the outskirts of Honley with a young woman, became ill and died before medical assistance could be secured. His sister, Miss Lily Morley, said that about 10 years ago her brother had had an accident at work when he fell off a ladder. He had served in the war and had not had any serious illnesses. On the Tuesday he worked to 5.30 pm and, after having tea, went out. Miss Evelyn Hoyle of Deanhouse said they went out for a walk about seven o’clock in the evening. As they walked along he complained about feeling unwell and, as they were going up Bradshaw Road, he suddenly fell forward to the ground. She could get no response so she went for assistance. Dr. Smailes said he saw the departed and, in his opinion, death was due to atheroma. The Coroner recorded a verdict that death was due to natural causes viz. atheroma. Harry had worked at T.Dyson & Sons  Deanhouse Mills and was very well known in the area as a football player and sportsman and was involved with the WMC and the Gardeners’ Society.

The early death of Edna Smith, aged 19 years, occured in June after she had suffered with a serious illness for several months. She was the daughter of Mr. & Mrs.John Smith of Chapel House and had been employed at Messrs. T. & J. Tinker, Bottoms Mill, Holmfirth. She had been a scholar at the Wesleyan Sunday School and a member of the Deanhouse ladies cricket team.

Mrs. Charles Hobson of Wood Street was one of the oldest ladies in the village when she died in March 1931 aged 86 years. She was a native of Netherthong and had lived there practically all her life being closely involved with the United Methodist cause.

In the same month, Mr.Frederick Lewis, who had been the Master of the Deanhouse Institute  for some time, passed away at the Institute. He was 42 years old and had been ill for a fortnight.

One of the characters of the village, Ben Eastwood, died in his residence, Westfield House, in July at the age of 86 years. He was known far and wide for his physical appearance and happy genial temperament. By trade he was a brush maker and, up to a few months before his death, he was one of the oldest commercial travellers on the road. He was a staunch churchman at the Parish Church and had an active role in most village events such as Peace Rejoicing, the Coronation Festivities, Old Folk’s Treat and the Netherthong Sing.

Edwin Broadbent of Honley, but formerly of Deanhouse, died in February 1932 aged 79 years. For many years he had been employed at Messrs. Thomas Dyson and Sons, Deanhouse Mills and was a director of the Netherthong Gas Light Company.

There were no recorded deaths in 1933 but in February 1934, Mrs. J.P.Floyd died at her residence, Rose Leigh, on the anniversary of her birthday, aged 83 years. Her husband had been  a leading member on the local scene and she was active in many local activities. She was leader of the Netherthong branch of the Mothers’ Union, Vice- president of the local branch of the Women’s Unionist Association and a regular worshipper at the Parish Church. During the war she was president of the Holmfirth Military Hospital . ” Fairfield” New Road , which belonged to the family, was often placed at the disposal of the public.

Mr. C.A.Hoyle died in March at his residence in Giles Street, aged 62 years. He was one of the oldest employees of Messrs. Dyson & Sons, Deanhouse Mills having worked there for 52 years since the age of 11. He was a cricketing enthusiast, played for Netherthong Cricket Club and later became an umpire. Like so many in the village he was involved in the Gardeners’ Friendly Society.

The same month, Miss Elsie Chambers, 22 years, of Cliffe View died after a short illness. She was involved in the many of the village activities namely Church Sunday School, Parish Church Choir, Girl Guides, Lawn Tennis Club and the Junior Imperial League.

1934 was proving to be a bad year because in May, Miss Emma Beaumont, 38, of Lidget House, died. She was well known as a contralto vocalist and, besides being a member of both the Parish Church and Holmfirth Church choirs, she was a leading member of local operatic societies.

The next month Harry Horncastle, 46 years, died at his home , Beech House and his death came as a big suprise to everyone. He worked as a joiner for Ed.Holdroyd & Sons of Honley, having learnt his trade at J.Batley & Sons in Netherthong. He was a committee member on both the Co- Operative Society and the Gardeners’ Friendly Society and an active worker for the Old Folk’s annual treat and the Holme Valley Memorial Hospital.

The first month of 1935 saw the death of Mr. Thomas Turner who passed away at his residence, South View, at the age of 71 years. He devoted his attention to shooting and fishing and was a familiar sight walking through the district with his fishing tackle over his arm and dogs at his heels. He was a former churchwarden at the Parish Church and President of their Operatic Society, a vice-president of the Tennis Club and vice- president of the Male Voice Choir.. For many years he was the secretary of the Batley Angling Club.

Mrs. Joseph Woodhead of Croft House,  a native of Netherthong, died at 84 years  in April. She married Joseph Woodhead who had been a grocer and provisions merchant in the village and lived in Green Cottage. When her husband died in 1925 she moved to Croft House.

Although not a resident of the village, Mrs. Mary Anne Jagger of Honley died  in October aged 86 years. She was the most widely known resident of Honley and famous for her writings , particularly her ” History of Honley ” published in 1914. I readily admit to using some of her details of the recorded life of people in the early 1800s in Honley which would have applied  equally  to life in Netherthong.

The last death of the year was of Miss Hilda Woodhead at Huddersfield Royal Infirmary following on from an operation. She was 44 years old  and employed at Albert MIlls. Her leisure time was occupied in sick nursing and she was a V.A.D. nurse at Meltham.

Mr.Tom Sykes of Giles Street died in May 1936 at the age of 48 years. In his youth he attended the Church School and was a member of the Gardeners Society. He had been a soldier in WW1 and was a member of the British Legion. For many years he worked in the scribbling department at Deanhouse Mills. In the same month the death occured of Joseph Hobson, aged 80 years, who at the time was the oldest resident. He was born at Mossley and moved to Netherthong 45 years ago where he farmed.

In  1937 there was a report on the death of Mr. J.Goddard under tragically  sudden circumstances on July 28th. He was a leading Holme Valley musician and lived at Holly Bank. He had been a guest at the residence of Mr. Albert Robinson of Honley along with 30 other guests among whom were members of the Holme Valley Male Choir. Dinner had been served in the marquee and Mr.Goddard had stood up to make a speech but, just after he had started, he collapsed and fell. A doctor was summoned but by the time he arrived, Goddard was dead. He had not been very well for about 18 months. He was an accomplished organist and one of the founders of the Holme Valley Male Voice Choir. He was a freemason and had married Hilda Whipp, a well known vocalist.

The first death in 1938 was of Miss Sarah Renshaw in February at the age of 80 years. For many years she had been a Sunday School teacher at the Wesley Chapel as well as a member of the choir, class leader and missionary secretary.  She  was a dressmaker of her own account and afterwards became the lead dressmaker for Hinchliffe, Whiteley & Knott of Holmfirth.

The next month saw the death of Fred Whitfield, who was a well known and respected figure in the district, at the age of 79 years. He was by trade a Tailor and initially carried out his business in Netherthong but later on moved to Holmfirth. He was a member of the WMC and active in the Holme Valley Beagles.

The same month and very much in contrast to Woodhead’s death, a young lad, Albert Edward Farmer, at the tender age of 1 year 9 months died at the Huddersfield Royal Infirmary whilst undergoing an operation. He was the son of Mr.& Mrs. Brook Turner of Dock Hill.  At the inquest, conducted by Mr. E.Norris the coroner, Dr. Copeland, who carried out the post-mortem, said death was due to heart failure from the anaesthetic with status lymphaticus a contributory cause. The Coroner recorded a verdicy in accordance with the medical evidence.

Two more deaths occured in March. The first was of one of the oldest ladies in the district, Miss Emma Dytch of Deanhouse who died  at the age of 87. She had always been involved with the Zion Methodist cause. The next death was of Arthur Fielding Sykes of Towngate aged 76. Up to his retirement 12 years earlier he had been employed as a designer by Messrs. Dyson & Sons, Deanhouse Mills. He had been a member of the Zion Methodist Choir, served on the committee of the Co-operative Society and was  an overseer of the poor for the township.

The next month, April, saw the death of Sampson Horner of St. Anne’s Square aged 80 years. He was a native of Clayton West and when he was 50 years old had moved to Hinchliffe and became the landlord of the Miller’s Arms. He next moved to Holmfirth before finishing up in Netherthong.  Until the age of 72 he was a  familiar sight on his bicycle cycling from the village to Holmfirth and back and he was involved with the Old Folk’s treat  and a member of the Wesleyan Chapel.

Mr.Edward Dyson of West End, aged 75 years, died in July. Up to his retirement a few years previously, he had been employed as a scribbling engineer for Messrs. Dyson & Sons Ltd. of Deanhouse Mills, his uncle being founder of the firm. He was a member of the WMC, the Gardeners’ Society and Holme Valley Beagles. As a young man he was a cricketer and footballer and a member of Netherthong Rugby Club.

November saw the death of Mrs. Benjamin Gill, aged 63 years. The family had emigrated to the Antipodes several years previously and her husband , Benjamin, had been a local  builder and just before he emigrated he was engaged in the erection of new premises in New Road.

The final death of the year was of John Hobson of Outlane aged 84 years who had been blind and deaf for several years. His parents had been living  in Thongs Bridge when the Holmfirth Flood occured and damaged their home which caused them to move to Netherthong. At the early age of 8 years he began working in the mill as a half-timer and at the age of 25 years he joined the staff of Prudential Assurance Co. as a district agent. He had a lifelong connection with  Zion Methodism and was involved even before the church was built. For 24 years he was the honorary choirmaster and retired on January 17, 1904. He had moved to Meltham in 1888 and in all sorts of weather could be seen wending his way from Meltham to the Zion Church. He was the honorary secretary of the Victoria Jubilee Celebrations. A few years before his death he moved back to Netherthong

A death with strong cricketing connections occured in January 1939. Mr. William Lancaster, a former well known cricketer, died at the age of 65 years after a long illness. He was a native of Thongs Bridge and began playing cricket there before League cricket came into being. His ability improved and he played 10 innings for Yorkshire. The Rev. S. Black conducted the service at All Saints. Three former England and Yorkshire cricketers, Wilfred Rhodes, Percy Holmes and George Hirst were among the pall bearers.

As a break from recording deaths, June saw the Golden Anniversary of Mr. & Mrs. Alfred Mallinson. They were both born 74 years ago in the village, they attended the village school together and were in the same class. They were both employed at Deanhouse Mills and were married in All Saint’s Church. Alfred retired at the age of 71 years after having completed 57 years service. They had a married son and two daughters.

The end of the year saw the death of Mr. Charles Ricketts of West End at the age of 69 years. He was an old volunteer and served both in the South African War and WW1. He was a member of the Holmfirth branch of the British Legion and of the South African Veteran’s Association in Huddersfield.

The first death in 1940 was of Mr.Tom Booth, aged 75 years. He was a native of New Mill but became a well known resident in Deanhouse where he carried out a greengrocery business. He had a long association with the Wesleyan church and was a trustee of the Chapel. Although he moved to Brighouse 15 years previously, his funeral was held at the Netherthong Wesleyan Chapel.

Mr. John Donkersley of School Street died at the age of 83 years in April. He had been a very keen follower of the Holme Valley Beagles Hunt for 60 years. A cortege was led from his house to the church by Mr.Barnes, the Beagles present Huntsman, in his red coat, and a whipper-in, Thomas Dutton, who wore green hunting dress. They each had charge of a pair of beagles.

The final death of the year was of Miss Ellen Elizabeth Mitchell who died on November 12 aged 74 years. She was the daughter of the late Mr. & Mrs. Richard Mitchell, residents of Netherthong. For 29 years she was in business as a confectioner, which in layman’s terms meant she ran the sweetshop in Towngate and she retired in 1926.

No deaths were reported for 1941 and 1942 but in December 1943 Mr. John Mallinson whose family had been in the butchering trade in the village for several generations died aged 76 years.

February 1944 saw another Silver Wedding celebrated. 60 guests attended a social function held in the Zion Church Sunday School to honour the silver wedding of Mr. & Mrs. H.Hobson both of whom were devoted workers for the Methodist cause.

In the same month Mr. N.Smith the headmaster of the Netherthong Council School died. There was no further information. His death was followed in March by that of Mrs.Sarah Wilson Jackson aged 92 at her home, Manor House. She had been the voluntary organist at All Saint’s Church for 75 years and was reputed to be the oldest official church organist in England. When she was in her eighties she became so deaf that she couldn’t hear what she was playing but insisted on continuing in office saying she knew the psalms backwards. She was the widow of Mr. J.Jackson who for many years had been headmaster at the Church School.

Dr.Hugh Steinberg, the Resident Medical Officer of Health at Deanhouse Hospital died of natural causes. He came to England from Vienna and a few months before his death he married Sister Edna Bentley, a member of staff at the hospital.

Political and non – political parties, organisations, associations .

  In the early days in the village there was always support for the various political  parties, the Liberals, the Conservatives and Labour. There were also many other organisations  and  associations  which attracted members.The ones in this chapter are listed below as they appear.

1. Working Men’s Club.

2. Band of Hope Union.

3. Ratepayers Association.

4. Liberal Party.

5. Conservative Association.

6. Labour Party.

7. Women’s Unionist Association.

8. Fascism.

9. Men’s Fellowship.

10. Women’s Institute.

11. Civic Action Group.

12. Junior Imperial League.

13. Economic League.

14. Community Association.

 The Working Men’s Club ( WMC ) was established in the village in 1874, and its main function was as  a social club without any political connotations. For more details please read the chapter in this history on the WMC.

  The Band of Hope Union was a Temperance organisation for working class children which was formed in 1847 by the Rev.Jabez Tunnicliff, a Baptist Minister in Leeds. Its objective was to teach children the importance and principles of sobriety and teetotalism. In 1855 a national organisation was formed and meetings were held in churches. The Movement grew to nearly three million by 1935 but, by the early 1950s, it had all but succumbed to changing habits and it transformed itself into Hope UK. In August 1915 an open-air summer campaign by the Holmfirth & District Band of Hope Union was held in Netherthong where Mr.Chas. Smith, secretary of the British Temperance League, delivered an address.

Ratepayers Association

The most important people in the village were the Ratepayers and although they elected members  to various  Councils, there were instances where Ratepayer Power was needed. The first instance was in February 1866 when a number of Ratepayers in the Township of Netherthong, who were opposed to the projected road to Bridge Mill, wrote to the Chief Constable for him to call a Public Meeting. In compliance with the Requisition he called a Meeting to be held in the School on Wednesday , 21st. February at 7.30pm. A copy of the notice for the meeting is given below. I still have to find what the outcome of that meeting was but  eventually  the road was built and called New Road.

 

Copy of Public Notice for Meeting on 21st. Feb. 1866
Copy of Public Notice for Meeting on 21st. Feb. 1866

 

The Huddersfield Chronicle reported in February 1871 that a vestry meeting of the ratepayers had been held in the Parish Church for the purpose of making out a list of persons qualified to serve the office of parochial constables for the ensuing 12 months. The following persons were selected and put on the list for approval by the Magistrates – Jonas Mallinson, farmer and butcher of Netherthong. Edward Eastwood – whiskmaker of Hagg. James Turner – clothier of Greave and John Hinchliffe – farmer and cow jobber of Netherthong.

The Netherthong  Ratepayers Association held a meeting in November 1913 in the Methodist schoolroom. Mr. Harry Mellor was in the chair and local councilors, County councilors and many women householders attended. The meeting was about the education rate and the wish of Wooldale, Scholes and Cartworth that there should be a uniform rate for the whole of the Holmfirth education area. Cllr. Hinchliffe moved that the meeting protest against any extra education rate on Netherthong and this was carried. After further discussions the meeting decided to ask for repairs to Moor Lane and that the houses in Netherthong to be numbered. It was also approved that women ratepayers be admitted to free membership of the Association.

Liberal Party.

  I found a reference that a Liberal Club was started in the village in 1880 but the first report in the local paper was of a Liberal meeting held in October 1887 in the Methodist Free Church school to elect members to the Holmfirth Division and to the local District Council. Ramsden Mallinson, George Dearnley and Ben Eastwood were elected for the Division and Joe Lancaster, Jonas Hobson and John Hobson for the local Council. The next report was of a campaign meeting in January 1888. However I have since come across an earlier report in the Huddersfield Examiner for 1885 which  said  that the Liberals had had a very successful field day in January. It had consisted of a substantial knife and fork tea with an attendance of just over 200, which was followed by a  ball when  both young and old enjoyed themselves singing and dancing until 11pm. The sum of £8 9s was handed to the treasurer in aid of furnishing for the new room.

In February 1890, a lecture entitled “ The land questions from the standpoint of Lloyd George “ was given to the Netherthong Liberal Club by Edmund Crosland. Another reference I found was of a Liberal Association in 1891 which was located at No. 11 Outlane which was  named Whig Cottage. There was also a report of them buying property in Giles Street.

In March 1908 there was a Liberal meeting at the United Methodist Church with Mr.B.Dyson presiding. He said that the Conservatives and Labour had held a number of meetings in the village and this was the first Liberal meeting since the General Election.

Conservative Association

 The first reference was in the Huddersfield Examiner for April 1887 when it reported that J.H.Turner and John Wilson  of the Netherthong Conservative Association were elected to be the representatives on the Central Council of the Division for the Holmfirth Conservative Association. The next report  was in December 1888 when a  lecture, under the auspices of the Association, was given at the Clothier’s Arms by F.Turner of New Mill. It was entitled “ The political career of Mr.Gladstone “

 In November 1907 about 20 members of the Conservative & Unionist Association had an outing to Clayton West at the invitation of their Conservative Association. They had a great tea, followed by a tour round the village and finished off with songs and talks. In March 1908 it was the turn of Clayton West Conservatives to visit Netherthong, and the meeting was held in the Clothier’s Arms. There was a lecture on “ Land Agriculture and the Land Laws” which provoked lots of discussion.

The Netherthong Conservative & Unionist Association held a meeting in the National School in September 1908 and Dr.Eastham, the party’s prospective candidate for Holmfirth, was the principal speaker. In December they held their 2nd. annual tea, concert and meeting at the National School and about 120 partook of a sandwich lunch. Captain Boyd-Carpenter, the prospective candidate for Colne Valley, was present and  the president of the association, E.G.Floyd, was in the chair. It was reported to have been a very long meeting with lots of discussion.

The Conservative Association organised a very successful smoking concert in February 1909 in the National School and  December of the same year was the occasion of their annual tea and concert when 200 supporters attended. The superb concert was rated as one of the best in the school for a long time. Mr.T.Wood introduced Mr.G.Ellis ,their prospective candidate. The next reference was not until December 1927 when they held a very successful whist-drive and dance with music by Harold Preston’s band. 

In November 1930 the Church School was well filled for a Conservative meeting followed by a whist-drive which was the opening event of the local branch of the Colne Valley Association for the winter season. Much discussion was given to the “failings ” as a result of the 18 months of Socialist Government. Mr. Harry Horncastle was the MC for the whist and the secretarial duties were performed by Mrs.T.Wilson. The following year they organised another well attended whist drive. A speech was given by Mr. R.Steele, who was introduced by the chairman, Mr.C.S.Floyd. Music was by the aptly named Imperial Dance Orchestra.

The next recorded meeting of the Association was in October 1933 with Mr.R.Ricketts presiding and members listened to a talk on the History of Conservatism.  The following week they organised a whist- drive, supper and dance in the Church school with music by the Imperial Dance Band.

Labour Party

 An Independent Labour Party ( ILP ) meeting was held in Netherthong in June 1907. John Penny was the speaker and Comrade George Castle presided over a very large meeting. The only other report was in May 1955 when Mr.Glenville Hall, the Labour candidate for the Colne Valley Division, spoke at Netherthong and among the items he discussed were guaranteed prices to farmers, exporting difficulties, education and the standard of living.

Women’s Unionist Association.

The Netherthong branch of the Holmfirth & District Womens’ Unionist Association held their first meeting after inauguration in November 1912 in the Church School – it consisted of a whist- drive, supper and dance. There was a large attendance and Miss M.Buchanan was the secretary. The following year they held their second annual social in the Church schoolroom when 166 sat down to eat and the entertainment was a whist-drive and dance.

 In May 1914 they held an open-air meeting in Netherthong to discuss Home Rule and housing, and the following month, 25 members had their first social outing and  went to Harrogate and Knaresborough, conveyed in a luxurious char-a-banc.

A whist- drive and dance was promoted in October 1926 and held in the National School. After the whist, agents of the Colne Valley Unionist Association addressed the gathering and hoped that members would continue their efforts to send a Conservative to represent the Colne Valley Division at Parliament. Dancing to the music of Harold Preston’s Band followed supper.

They held a gypsy ball in January 1931 which took the form of a whist-drive,supper and dance promoted by Mrs.T.Wilson and held in the National School. The music was played by the Philharmonic Five Dance Orchestra. 

The first sentence of this section refers to the Netherthong branch of the Holmfirth  District Womens’ Unionist Association, but in the Express report for February 1931 ,they were referred to as the Netherthong branch of the Colne Valley Womens’ Unionist Association. ? It reported that the Association had held another of their monthly whist- drives as well as their AGM. Mrs. Thomas Turner of South View, Mrs. Thomas Wilson of West End and Miss H.Floyd of Roseleigh were re-elected. The new committee members were Mrs.Wimpenny, Miss Saunderson ,Mrs.Chambers, Mrs.Jim Mallinson, Mrs.Goddard, Mrs. Richardson, Miss E.Brook, Miss M.Eastwood, Miss Davies and Mrs.E.Dyson. Mrs.Davies of Manor House and Mrs.Hampshire of Deanhouse were elected as delegates. To add further confusion, the Express reported in April that the Women Unionists and Empire League had held a whist- drive, supper and dance  with music by the Imperial Dance Band.

 

Fascism

 Mr. P.N.Ricketts of Netherthong was one of the speakers at a public meeting held on February 1938  at Victoria Street, Huddersfield under the auspices of the British Union of Fascists.

Men’s Fellowship.

At an inaugural meeting in September 1954, it was agreed to form a Men’s Fellowship in the village. It would be non-political and non- denominational and membership would be available to any man living in the township. The meeting was well attended and the Rev.S.Black was in the chair. The following officials were elected . Chairman – Mr.W.Wood ( a solicitor in Holmfirth ). Vice – chairman – Mr. Stangroom ( administrator of Deanhouse Hospital ) . Treasure – Mr.W.Lax ( worked at Midland Bank). General Secretary – H.Webb ( Headmaster of the local school ). Programme Secretary – Rev. S.Black. A committee was also formed. The intention was to hold monthly meetings during the winter season.

Women’s Institute.

In August 1962 ,at a meeting in the Day School, a Women’s Institute for the village was formally inaugurated by two voluntary County Organisers for the Yorkshire Federation of Women’s Institutes. It was in fact the 624th. Institute to be formed in Yorkshire. Miss J.Grainger of Wilshaw was in the chair and 83 members were enrolled and the following officers were elected by ballot. Mrs. A.Stangroom – President. Vice-presidents – Mrs.R.Stephenson and Mrs.E.Mosley. The secretary was Mrs.W.Wood with Mrs.W.Lax as treasurer. Committee members were Mrs.D.Binstead, Miss S.Brook, Miss E.Dickenson, Mrs.A.Fallas, Mrs.A.Swallow and Mrs.R.Whittaker. The WI played an important role in  village life and I have given it its own chapter.

Civic Action Group

At a meeting of a group of villagers in March 1975 it was unanimously decided to set up a Netherthong Civic Action group and various officers and members of the executive committee were elected. At the meeting, held in Westfield House, it was stated that one of the main reasons for creating such a group was because of the concern felt by most of the residents of the village about the amount of development. It appeared that there was a plan approved for 70 bungalow type dwellings and it was understood that a further 80 houses were being contemplated and 24 acres of land was earmarked for residential developement  bringing the total to over 400 houses. The Group felt that the influx of such a large proportion of residential property would completely wipe out the existing village. The action proposed by the Action Group was to send a letter to the Department of the Environment with a copy to Kirkless Council, Kirklees Civic Society and the Civic Trust for the North West.

At a meeting of the committee held in October the main topic was the tidying up of the village. Targets included the surrounds to the well at Wells Green and the footpath from Deanbrook Road to Deanhouse Chapel. They were also being active in seeking information about a possible weight restriction being imposed on vehicles passing through the village. They pledged their full support to the efforts of the steering committee set up to investigate the possibility of having a village hall.

Junior Imperial League

The National Junior Imperial League was formed in 1906 with the objectives to encourage practical political work and organisation among young people. They were set up in each Parliamentary Division.

The first social and dance of the newly formed Netherthong branch of the Colne Valley Junior Imperial League was held in January 1931. Miss Thelma Sykes the divisional vice – chairman referred to the great growth of the League throughout the Colne Valley. The music was provided by Oswald Collins. 

At their monthly meeting in May, Mr.Gooch was the speaker. He said the Socialist Party had no Empire policy and they were a heartless fraud on the people of the country. He finished his talk by saying that the whole country was languishing for Conservatism. The first half- yearly meeting was held in the National School when Mr.R.Garside gave an address titled ” Present day politics. Why we need a Conservative Government”.

At the meeting in November with Norman Hampshire in the chair, Mr.Ricketts, the secretary, announced that Col. Lascelles had consented to open their forthcoming Christmas Fayre. No report of the Fayre appeared in the paper.

The annual meeting was held in January 1932 and Captain Apperley , president of the Colne Valley Junior Imperial League, gave an address and traced the history of the JIL throughout the country and the Colne Valley and the great strides it had made during the past five years. The following officers were elected for the ensuing year. Chairman – Mr.C.S.Floyd, Treasurer – F.Butterworth, Secretary – R.Ricketts, magazine editor – Miss Ricketts. A further six members were voted onto the committee. A few months later they held a successful dance in the National school to celebrate the winning of the Baldwin Cup. Music was by the Roses Band. They held a Recruiting Ball combined with a fancy-dress competition in October with music by The Majestic Dance Orchestra. Earlier that month many of their members attended a meeting of the Netherthong Unionist Party.

The  monthly meeting in December 1932 was addressed by Mr.D.Graham on the subject of ” The Crisis, the Election and Afterthoughts”. Mr.N.Hampshire presided and F.Butterworth reported a handsome profit on the recent Christmas Fayre. They organised a ‘cinema’ entertainment in the Wesleyan school in December 1936 and the films were shown by Mr.Preston of Honley to a packed room. They were ‘ The White Hell of Pitz Palu’ and ‘Across Alaska’ and were followed by a Mickey Mouse cartoon ‘ The Haunted Hours ‘ with the ‘Pathes Gazette’ finishing off the evening.

Economic League.

This is  the first and only reference that I have found about this League.

In December 1930 there was a large attendance at a whist- drive and rally that the League organised in the Church School. Mr.Walter Brookbank was the main speaker and Mr.Butterworth presided.

Community Association.

Over £800 was raised in December 1986 from a Grand Christmas Draw organised by Netherthong Community Association which was raising money to provide a Community Centre. The winner of the draw was June Edinboro, who won a video recorder and the presentation was made at a family Christmas disco held in the schoolrooms. The Association plan to build the centre next to the school and they have raised about £3,000 and need £100,000 to build it.

Community Association
Disco Dec. 1986

 

Netherthong data from the West Riding Directories 1838 to 1936.

 

The Archives Library in Huddersfield  has a very good collection of Directories covering the period from the early nineteenth to the early twentieth century. Each one combines the role of a historical record, gazetteer and directory of the West Riding of Yorkshire and gives descriptions of all the Boroughs, Towns, Parishes, Chapelries, Townships, Villages, Hamlets, Manors, Liberties and Wapentakes. The Directories are all of  a similar format, starting off by giving a description of the village and its location and then listing  both the private and commercial residents. They can be used  to track and identify  changes in residents and occupations over the years.

 These Directories were issued by a number of  companies  and I have decided, for the sake of completeness, to include most of the information  rather than be selective as each of the various  Companies supplied  slightly differing information.

 The Directories were the Post Office Directory for 1857 ; Slaters Directory for 1848 ; Kelly’s Directory for 1901, 1904, 1912,1917,1922,1927 ; Whites Directory 1838 does not have an entry listed for Netherthong but gives some details under Thong in the Agbrigg Upper Division.  In its 11th. edition of 1866, Netherthong is still  listed under Thong but in the 12th. edition in 1870, Netherthong gets a full entry in its own right and I have included it in detail.

Whites 1838. Directory . This is the earliest Directory in the archives with reference to Netherthong.

“ Netherthong has in its township the hamlet of Greave and Thong Bridge, 1004 inhabitants & 850 acres of land belonging to a number of freeholders but lying in the manorial liberty of Wakefield. The church is one of the handsomest of the smaller classes of churches erected by the parliamentary commissioners. It was finished in 1830 and cost £2869 of which £2500 was advanced by government  and the rest raised by subscription. It has 700 sittings of which 318 are free. The curacy, valued at £57, has been augmented with about £600 of Q.A.B. and is now enjoyed by the Rev. George Docker Grundy M.A. The poor have the interest of £20, left by Henry Shaw in 1750.”

1848 Slater’s Directory.

The information for Netherthong is included under the entry for Holmefirth ( note the spelling ) .

List of professions :   Shaw George , blacksmithJagger John, boot & shoe makerPenny George, boot & shoe makerMallinson John , butcher ; Wainwright Joseph, butcher :Hobson Uriah, cloth dresser : Eastwood Joseph & Brothers , Dyers, Fulling Millers, Scribblers & Slubbers , Deanhouse Mill ,  :  Eastwood Jonas, joiner & cabinet maker : Rogers Joseph, joiner & cabinet maker : Shore Jonathan, joiner & cabinet maker : Preston John, painters and paper hangers : Hobson David , Dutton and Mary , shopkeepers and dealers in groceries and sundries : Platt Geo., Dean House, shopkeeper. : Roberts Susannah, shopkeeper : Woodhead George & Grace, shopkeepers  : Samuel Lee , size boilers : Gill Benjamin & George, stone masons:  Platt John , tailor ; Bates John, Queen’s Arms : Sykes Moses, Rose & Crown  : Hobson Uriah , Clothier’s Arms

 The following were woolen manufacturers.

 Crooks Thomas : Dyson Thomas; Mallinson Joseph : Noble Jonathan : Heap John ( New Hagg ) : Eastwood Joseph ( Dean House Mill ) : Heap Jonathan, Lee Charles & David (all Oldfield ). 

Also in the Directory, under Huddersfield, is the following reference to omnibuses :

“ To Holmfirth – an omnibus from the Boot and Shoe every morning ( except Sunday ) at 7, 9.30, 12.30 & 6pm.

To Holmfirth- an omnibus from the Packhorse every day at 12.20.

You can just imagine people from Netherthong walking down the hill to catch the omnibus on its return to Huddersfield

1853 Whytes Directory

Allen Jonas, church clerk  : Boothroyd John, gardener  : Dickinson Mr.Frank ; Duckworth Jonas , station master (TB) ; Eastwood Jonas, joiner etcFloyds Charles S, solicitor Sands House : James Rev, Thomas ;   ; Mallinson John, butcher : Preston John, painter etc : Rogers Joseph , joiner etcShore George, blacksmith ; Wainwright Joseph, butcher ; Wood Richard, gardener ; Woodhead Benjamin, wood valuer  ; Woodhead John, schoolmaster ;  Clothier’s Arms , Uriah Hobson : Rose & Crown , Moses Sykes : Queen’s Arms , John Bates ; Rose & Crown (TB), Hiram Earnshaw : Royal Oak (TB),  ;;Ellen Bray

Beerhouses.  Crook Thomas : Littlewood John : Wood Charles.

Boot & Shoe makers : Jagger Benjamin : Wimpenny Geo. : Woodhead Noah

Farmers: Boothroyd John : Bottomley John : Fox John : Haigh John : Hirst Joseph ( Greave ) : Hobson Jonas : Jagger Jonas : Lee David : Mallinson Joseph : Marsden Jonas : Wilson Benjamin : Wilson Joseph : Wilson Richard : Woodhead Jonas : Woodhead Sarah.

Masons : Gill, Benjamin,Joseph, George and William.

Shopkeepers : Dyson John : Hobson Chas:  Hobson Dutton : Hobson, Mary : Roberts Susannah : Woodhead Geo. : Woodhead Grace & Ann.

Woolen Manufacturers. Bottomley John (TB). : Brook James (TB) : Brook Wm : Dearnley Thomas : Dickens Joseph : Dyson Thomas (TB) :Hallas Roberts (TB) : Hirst Joseph ( Greave ) : jagger James : Mellor Joseph & Sons ( TB ) : Littlewood Abrm : Wilson Richard.

   1857 Post Office Directory . Note that Thongs Bridge is two words and written as TB.

 “ Netherthong is a township and pleasant village, situated on an eminence on the western bank of the river Holme, in the parish of Almondbury, 5 ½ miles south from Huddersfield, 5 ½ south west from Almondbury, 1 north from Holmfirth, 190 from London,16 from Halifax, 25 from Todmorden, 34 from Rochdale, 26 ½ from Sheffield, 41 from Manchester, 72 ½ from Liverpool, 92 from Hull, 50 from Retford, 70 from Lincoln, in the upper division of Agbrigg wapentake, Huddersfield union, Ripon bishopric and York archbishopric. The ecclesiastical district comprises part of the township of Honley, including the hamlets of Brockholes, Deanhouse, Holmroyd Bank, Hagg Leys, Oldfield, Smithyplace and Wood Nook. The church, dedicated to All Saints, was erected in 1830, and is a neat stone structure in the early English style, with turret, and has a nave, side and end galleries. The living is a perpetual curacy, valued at £150 per annum, with residence, in the gift of the vicar of Almondbury, and held by the Rev. Thomas James B.D. The population of the district amounts to 2,214 but the census in 1851 for the township was 1,207 and the acreage is 850. The charities are £1 per annum. The woolen manufacture is carried on here. Here are stone quarries.

Greave and Thongs Bridge are hamlets of this township. At Thongs Bridge is a station on the Huddersfield and Holmfirth branch of the Lancashire and Yorkshire railway, of which the distance is as above. Here are woolen manufacturers.

Private Residents.

Dickinson Mr, Frank : Floyd Cookson Stephenson , esq. Sands House : James Rev. Thomas B.D. ( incumbent ) : Kid Martin, esq. Well house : Wilson Mr. Benjamin ,sen.

Commercial. Boothroyd John, gardener, Wolfstones : Bottomley John , farmer, Wolfstones : Broadhead Thomas, shopkeeper, Thongs Bridge : Cousen John, farmer, Moorgate : Crompton John, farmer, Greave  : Duckworth John, station master, Thongs Bridge  : Dyson Benjamin, wool sorter : Dyson John, shopkeeper : Dyson Thomas, woolen manufacturer : Earnshaw Hiram , Royal Oak, Thongs bridge : Eastwood Benjamin & James, mill proprietors, Dean house : Eastwood Jonas, joiner : Fox John, farmer , Moor lane : Gill Benj. stonemason & quarry owner : Gill Joseph, stonemason : Gill Sarah ( miss ) , Queen’s Arms :Gill Wm. stonemason & quarry owner : Haigh John, farmer, Brown hill : Hinchliff Elizabet ( Mrs ), farmer :  Greave Hirst James, farmer, Greave : Hirst Richard, oil merchant, Greave :Hobson Charles, shopkeeper :Hobson Dutton, shopkeeper : Hobson Jonas, farmer : Hobson Uriah, Clothier’s Arms : Jagger James, waste dealer & farmer : Lee David, farmer, Spring cottage: Littlewood Benj. postmaster , Thongs bridge :  Mallinson John, butcher & carrier : Mallinson Joseph, farmer : Mallinson Joseph jnr. surveyor & assistant overseer : Marsden Jonas, farmer, Carr :  Mellor Godfrey & Sons ( late Joseph & Sons ) , woolen manufacturers, Thongs bridge : Mellor Thomas, woolen manufacturer, Thongs bridge :  Moorehouse John F. land agent, Thongs bridge : Platt Joseph , tailor. Preston John & Son, painters

Robinson George & Co, mungo manufacturers, Thongs bridge. Robinson George & James, scribbling & fulling millers, Thongs bridge

Rogers, Joseph, joiner & carpenter

Roebuck Grace ( Mrs ) , shopkeeper, Thongs bridge . Shore George, blacksmith.

Taylor John, farmer, Greave. Taylor Ann ( Mrs ), farmer, Greave.

Wilson Benjamin jun. farmer. Wilson Joseph, farmer. Wilson Richard, farmer.

Wimpenny George, boot & shoe maker. Wood Richard, gardener. Woodhead  Benjamin, wood valuer. Woodhead Benjamin , tailor

Woodhead George, shopkeeper . Woodhead John, master of Township school

Woodhead Grace & Ann ( Misses ) , shopkeepers. Woodhead Jonas, farmer

Woodhead Joshua, farmer. Woodhead Mary ( Mrs ), mistress of Township school

Woodhead Noah, boot & shoe maker

Woodhouse Thomas, Rose & Crown

Letters received through Huddersfield at ½ past 8am ; dispatched at ½ past 4pm.

Carrier – John Mallinson, to Huddersfield, Tuesdays.

In this directory Deanhouse was included in the entry for Honley.

Crooks Thomas, beer retailer

Senior Benjamin, dyer

Woodhead Charles, shopkeeper.

1870. White’s Clothing District Directory. 12th. Edition. 986pp + 160 pp of advertising.

Brackenberg Henry, toll collector , Thong’s bridge

Dickenson Mrs.,Elizabeth

Eastwood Jonas, joiner

Floyd Mrs. Mary, Sands House

Gosling David, station master , Thong’s bridge

Hugh Joseph, cloth dealer

Hirst Roland, schoolmaster

Jagger James, waste dealer

James Rev. Thomas B.D. vicar

Kenion John, parish clerk

Kidd Martin ( solicitor ), Well house

Lodge Walter, merchant

Mallinson John, butcher

Moorhouse John Earnshaw, land agent

Sandford Mrs. Martha , day school

Shores Mrs. Hannah, blacksmith

Taylor John T. ( woolen mnfr ) , Oaklands

Wimpenny George, shoemaker

Wood Richard, gardener

Woodhead Abraham, book keeper

Woodhead Benjamin, wood value

Ashworth Joseph B. Clothier’s Arms

Woodhouse, Thomas – Queen’s Arms

Woodhead Noah, Rose & Crown

Fenton Walker, Royal Oak , Thong’s bridge

Farmers :

 John Boothroyd : John Bottomley : Joseph Bradbury : John Dyson : Benjamin Eastwood : John Fox : Jonathan Hinchliffe : Abel Hobson : Dutton Hobson : Jonas Hobson ; Henry Hudson : James Jagger : David Lee : Joseph Mallinson : Job Sykes : Mrs. Ann Taylor : John Taylor : Benjamin Wilson : Joseph Wilson : Richard Wilson : Joshua Woodhead.

Shopkeepers :

Miss Broadhead : John Dyson : Dutton Hobson : Mrs. E. Hobson : Chas. Woodhead : Geo. Woodhead.

Tailors :

Alfred Platt : Joseph Platt : Benjamin Woodhead.

Woolen Manufacturers :

Henry Dearnley : Thomas Dyson : John Hinchliffe : Joshua Hoyle : Mellor & Sons : John Woodhead.

Carrier: J.Mallinson to Huddersfield on Tuesdays.

The previous edition of Whites ( 1866 ) had very little information but did give the owners of the 3 public houses which differ for those of 1870 above,

Elizabeth Littlewood , Clothier’s Arms

James Woodhead, Queen’s Arms

Alfred Gill, Rose & Crown.

Further information on the Township of Netherthong comes from notes issued by H.J.Moorhouse in 1894.

  “Bounded on the East by river Holme, on the south by the township of Upperthong, on the west by Meltham and the north by Honley. The last two along with Netherthong being in the Honour of  Pontefract but are all in the ancient parish of Almondbury. Netherthong consists of a narrow strip of land ( or Thong ) and contains about 850 acres . It was not a distinct township at the period of the Doomsday Survey as it does not appear in the record. It formed a part of Meltham – the division took place at a very early period ( possibly reign of Edward 2 ) – the cause of the severance is uncertain. It possibly arose in consequence of some influential territorial owner.

  In the reign of King John, Bisset ( North Elmsal near Doncaster ) had estates at Netherthong. The Bissets could have had interests with the Crown  sufficient to obtain severance of Netherthong from its ancient connection with Meltham especially as severance could easily be defined.

This is a list of some inhabitants of Netherthong  township in the reign of QE ( taken from Almondbury Registers ).

Dorothy, daughter of Jacobi Taylor, baptized 25 July 1568

George, son of Thomas Lindley, baptized 2 Aug 1573

William Booth, sepultus erat 29 Dec 1560

Alice Brook, sepultus erat 25 Oct 1566

Margaret Hincliffe, sepultus erat 31 Dec1590 ( 80 years ).

 Kellys issued their Directories on a regular basis with the earliest copy in the library being for 1881. There was little information in the 1889 issue  but I have included what is relevant.

Principal landowners : C.Stephenson esq. : Joseph Hirst esq. : Martin Kidd esq. : John Dyson esq. J.P. of Green Bank Thurgoland : Thomas Turner esq. J.P. of Somerfield, Holmfirth.

The township area is 795 acres with a rateable value of £4133. The parish is 1,200 acres. The population in 1881 was township 936 and parish 1408.

The school is mixed – average attendance 110,  James Jackson teacher.

Infants school  – average attendance 60 , Miss Mary Horncastle.

In this Directory, Deanhouse is listed under Honley.

Bottomley John, farmer

Buckley Joe, size maker

Dyson Thomas & Sons, Deanhouse Mill

Eastwood Ben, brush manuf.

Shore Elizabeth Mrs, farmer

Stansfield Edward, farmer and beer retailer

Sykes Benjamin, designer

Woodhead Chas, shopkeeper and newsagent.

The Huddersfield Union Workhouse at Deanhouse was also listed under Honley.

Brook Thorp I.R.C.P. Edin. . medical officer

John Heastie , master

Mrs. Annie Heastie, matron

Abraham Mellor, relieving officer

 I  have listed the Kelly’s 1901 edition  in full . Note that they make Thongsbridge  one word.

 “Netherthong is a township, on an eminence, on the western bank of the river Holme, and with part of the township of Honley,  including the hamlets of Deanhouse,Holmroyd Nook, Hagg and a portion of Thongsbridge, was formed into a parish , March 7 1843 : it is 1 mile north from the Holmfirth terminal station of the branch of the Lancashire and Yorkshire railway, 5 south from Huddersfield, 5 south-west from Almondbury, and 190 from London, in the Holmfirth division of the Riding, upper division of Agbrigg wapentake, Upper Agbrigg petty sessional division, Holmfirth county court district, Huddersfield union, and in the rural deanery and archdeanery of Huddersfield and diocese of Wakefield. The Township is governed by an Urban District Council, constituted under the provisions of the “ Local Government Act, 1894 ( 56 & 57 Vict.c.73 ), in place of the former Local Board, formed in 1862. The place is lighted by gas by a limited company. The church of All Saints, erected in 1830, is a building of stone in the Early English style, consisting of chancel, nave and a turret containing  a clock and one bell : it was restored and reseated in 1877, when the galleries were removed, a stained east window inserted, and the church lighted with gas, at a cost of £2,400: at the same time a carved octangular stone font was presented by Cookson Stephenson esq. J.P. and an organ of three manuals introduced at a cost of £400, defrayed by subscription :a reredos, beautifully carved in oak and embellished with panels, having representations of the four Evangelists, was erected in1880: the chancel is separated from the nave by an elegant carved wood screen: there are 500 sittings. The register dates from the year 1830. The living is a vicarage, net yearly value £160, including 13 acres of glebe, with residence, in the gift of the vicar of Almondbury, and held since 1870 by the Rev.John Prowde M.A. of St. John’s College, Cambridge. The tithe, amounting to £24, is the property of the vicar of Almondbury. There are Wesleyan and Free Methodist chapels here. The woolen manufacture is carried on here, and there are stone quarries. The charities are of about £1 yearly. Oaklands is the residence of John Thorpe Taylor esq. JP, and Somerfield, of Thomas Turner esq. JP.,The principal landowners are Mrs. Stephenson, Henry Arthur Hirst esq. of Wilshaw, Frank Greenwood esq. Capt.John Morehouse, Dyson, and Thos. Turner esq. JP of Somerfield. The soil is loamy; subsoil, grit. The chief crops are wheat,oats and barley. The area of the township is 792 acres; rateable value £3,788; the population of the township and Urban district in 1891 was 965, and of the ecclesiastical parish, 1,495.

At Thongsbridge, half a mile from the church, is a station on the Huddersfield and Holmfirth branch of the Lancashire and Yorkshire railway. Here are woolen mills.

Oldfield is a hamlet  three-quarters of a mile from the church. Sexton , Benjamin Gill.

Post Office, Netherthong. – Joseph Woodhead, sub postmaster. Letters arrive from Huddersfield at 7.40 a.m. & 6.10 p.m.; dispatches at ? a.m. & 6.15p.m. Postal orders are issued here but not paid. Thongsbridge is the nearest money order  office & Holmfirth the nearest telegraph office.

Urban District Council. Meets in the village every fourth Tuesday at 6p.m.

Members : Chairman – John Peel Floyd : Vice – Chairman , John Roberts Hinchliffe.

Retire in April, 1902 : Arthur Allsop, John Batley, John Robert Hinchliffe.

Retire in April, 1903 : James Dyson, Walter Middleton, Alfred Herman Sykes.

Retire in April, 1904 : Ben Eastwood, William Eastwood, John Peel Floyd.

Officers : Clerk , Harry Lomax – Holmfirth

Treasurer, E.W.Last , West Riding Union Bank Huddesfield

Medical Officer of Health , Robert Hale Trotter, Holmfirth

Surveyor , James Hinchliffe, Netherthong

Sanitary Inspector, Fred Wadsworth, Holmfirth

Collector, Joseph Wilson, Netherthong

 Schools. National ( mixed ), erected in 1861 & enlarged in 1888. For 270 children; average attendance , 140. James T. Jackson, master.

Infants’, erected in 1861 and enlarged in 1888, for 83? Children ; average attendance , 43. Miss Minnie Hall infants’ mistress.

Railway Station, Thongsbridge , Arthur Sutcliffe, station master

  Private residents.

Dyson Capt.Jn. Morehouse, Elmwood. Floyd John Peel J.P. at Roseleigh.Greenwood Frank at  Well house.  Mellor Harry, Homeleigh. Mellor Miss, Spring lodge

Prowde Rev. John M.A. ( vicar ) , Vicarage. Stephenson Mrs. at Sands.

Taylor John Thorp J.P. Oaklands. Turner Thomas J.P. Somerfield

Watkinson James B. Sands

Commercial.

Batley John, joiner & farmer. Beaumont John, farmer, Fearnought.Bentley John Henry, farmer, Carr. Booth Jonathan, hair dresser. Bretton & Charlesworth, painters.

Broadbent Wm. Clothiers’Arms P.H.. Charlesworth Fred, Queen’s Arms P.H.

Dyson, Thomas & Sons, fancy woolen manfrs. Deanhouse & Bridge ??

Dyson, Benjamin, farmer, Moorgate. Dyson James, farmer.

Eastwood Benjamin, brush manufacturer

Gill Benjamin, stone mason & sexton. Gill Henry, stone mason

Hardy Thos. Markt. gardnr. Wolfstones.

Hinchliffe James, surveyor to Urban District Council

Hinchliffe John Robert, farmer & landowner, Wells Green farm

Hobson Ben, farmer, Wolfstones

Hobson Charles, oil dealer. Hobson Elihu, farmer & blacksmith. Mallinson Jonas, butcher

Middleton Walter, farmer, Moor lane. Mitchell Ellen ( miss ) , shopkeeper

Netherthong Gas Co. Ltd ( James Tunstall Jackson, sec )

Netherthong Industrial Co-operative Soc. Lim.( Geo. Allen Senior,mgr)

Preston Whitfield , greengrocer. Redfern Michael, farmer, Wolfstones

Sanderson Arthur, farmer , Hagg. Seddon Albert, farmer & butcher, Hagg

William Joseph, farmer & collector to Urban District Council

Wimpenny Albert, boot & shoe maker

Woodhead Fred, tailor.  Woodhead Joseph, grcr. Post office.

Working Men’s Club ( Joseph Taylor sec)

 Thongsbridge.

Sykes Alfred, Woodville.  Priestley Francis Vickerman, Thongsbridge house

Watkinson James Brook, Sands

Woodhead Joseph Edward, Newlands

Hirstle Reuben,farmer, Har Royd

Silverwood Joseph, insurance agent, Albany cottage

Terry Alfred, farmer, Newlands farm

Vickerman Benjamin & Sons Lim. Woolen manufacturers

Walker Esther Maria ( Mrs ), Royal Oak P.H.

Whiteley George, grocer, Post office

Wimpenny George A, butcher.

 I have gone through the later editions of the Kelly’s Directories and have listed below any relevant changes to the issue above. 

Kellys 1904 ( 11th. edition )

Mallinson Hugh , hairdresser

Co-op Society , Fred Moss , manager

Roebuck Hirst , farmer , Moor lane

Roebuck Rachel ( Mrs ) , Queens Arms P.H.

Working Men’s Club ( Jame Buckley sec. )

 Kellys 1912 .

Wilson Harold , sub post master

Public Elementary School ( mixed & infants ) , Seth D. Butterworth

Roebuck Herbert , tailor

Russell Arthur, carter

Russell Richard, Queens Arm’s P.H.

Wild Tom, shopkeeper

Working Men’s Club ( Arthur Wimpenny sec. )

For the first time reference is made to a  Co-op at Thongsbridge  but it is listed  as Netherthong Industrial Co-op Thongsbridge  ( Ben Ramsden , manager ).

 Kellys 1917 ( 14th. Edition )

Population for 1911 was 867 and for the ecclesiastical parish 1458.

Netherthong Co-op , Ernest Buckley, manager

Netherthong Co-op Thongsbridge, Walter Charlesworth, manager

Kellys 1922– 1503 pages, price 36/-. This issue was their first one to contain advertising.  Bamforth John, farmer, Hagg.  Garlick Ernest, farm bailiff to Netherthong Co-op, Harroyd farm.  Lockwood Ben , builder.  Lockwood Lilian (Mrs ), fried fish dealer.   Moorhouse John, Clothiers Arms P.H.    Netherthong Assoc. Football Club , Harold Wimpenny.   Working Mens Club ( Herbert Roberts sec ).  Netherthong Co-op Thongsbridge, Harold Wimpenny, manager .

Kellys 1927 ( 16th. edition )

Challengers & Hulme, shopkeepers

Earnshaw Samuel, farm bailiff to Netherthong Co-op, Deanhouse farm

Tinker Nellie ( Mrs ). Fried fish dlr.

Wood Ellen ( Mrs ) , Queens Arms P.H.

 Kellys 1936. This is the last issue that is listed in the library archives.

Sykes Arnold, newsagent

Sykes Arthur , beer retlr, Deanhouse

Whitehead Geo., fried fish dlr

Wilson Harold, grocer & Post office