The first National census of Netherthong in 1841

   The first National Census was held  in 1841 and has been carried out every 10 years since that date and the information for the Huddersfield and District  area is kept in the Archive Section of the Kirklees library in Huddersfield Town Centre. The Huddersfield and District Family History Society have taken the data for 1841 for each and every village  and presented the information in tabular form in an A5 booklet. You only have to look at what they have done to realise what a massive undertaking it was. They have also done the same for 1851 but I’m not sure if they plan to do the same on the subsequent years.. Apparently for ” statutory ” reasons the information in these Censuses  is not made publically available until 100 years after the date of the census. The information for 1861,1871,1881,1891 and 1901 is available on the net .

   The reference number for the 1841 census is HO107/1274/14.

 At the time of the census, the population of Netherthong was 1156. Each entry in the pamphlet has the following information.

  1. Record Office Piece Number & Book number.
  2. Folio number.
  3. Enumeration District.
  4. Schedule Number.
  5. Place of Abode.
  6. A figure 1 indicates Head of Household.
  7. Surname.
  8. Forename(s).
  9. Ages.
  10. Occupation.
  11. Where born.

 As this census and the one for 1851  are freely available from the Archives Section, I do not intend to copy the booklet in its entirety but instead to list all the surnames, put numbers against those that occur the most frequent, give the occupations and places of abode.

Surnames

 Allen ; Armstrong ; Barker ; Bates ; Beardsell ; Beaumont ; Beckwith ; Bentley ; Blenkhorn ; Booth ; Boothroyd ; Bottomley ; Bray ; Brearley ; Bretton ; Broadbent ; Broadhead ;Brook ; Buckley ; Butterfield ; Cartwright ; Chambers ; Charlesworth ; Cheetham : Coldwell ; Cook ; Crooks : Crosley ; Day ; Dearnaley ; Dearnley ; Dickins ; Downng ; Downings ; Downs ; Dyson ; Earnshaw ; Eastwood ; Fawcett ; Fieldend ; Fitton ; Futhergill ; Gardner ; Gill ; Green ; Haigh ; Hallas ; Hampshire ; Hancock ; Hawley ; Higgins ; Hill ; Hinchliffe : Hirst ; Hobson ; Horsfall ; Hoyland ; Hoyle ; Hudson ; Hughes ; Jagger ; Jillot ; Kaye ; Kenyon ; Kinder ; Kippax ; Kitchen ; Knight ; Lancaster ; Leather ; Lee ; Littlewood ; Lockwood ; Lodge ; Mallinson ; Marsden ; Mellor; Middleton ; Milnes ; Mokeson ; Moorhouse ; Morton ; Moss ; Moxon ; Newton ; Nobles ; Oldham ; Parker ; Parkin ; Platt ; Pontefract ; Preston ; Quarmby ; Ratcliffe ; Rayner ; Ricketts ; Roberts ; Robinson ; Roebuck ; Rogers ; Russel ; Russell ; Sanderson ; Schofield : Senior ; Shaw ; Shore ; Silverwood ; Spivey ; Stephenson ; Steward ; Swallow ; Sykes ; Taylor ; Turner ; Wakefield ; Walker ; Ward ; Wharam ; Wilson ; Wimpenny ; Wood ; Woodcock ; Woodhead ; Woodhouse.

 Most frequent entries :

 Woodhead 56  ; Gill 53 ;  Woodhouse 52 ; Sykes 49 ; Taylor 46 ; Hobson 41 ; Hinchliffe 40 ; Mallinson 40 ; Dyson 30 ; Preston 29 ;Haigh 23 ; Charlesworth 22 ; Boothroyd 15.

 Occupations.

It is not surprising that lots of the inhabitants were involved in the woolen trade but with the slow demise of that industry many of the job titles listed below have long disappeared.

Clothier ; Woolen Slubber ; Wool sorter ; Burler ; Machine maker ; Size boiler ; Woolen Piercer ; Woolen Weaver ; Mule Spinner  ; Cotton Batter ; Cloth Finisher ; Overlooker ; Woolen Overlooker ; Fuller ; Woolen Engineer.

 Other occupations listed were ; Journeyman ; Solicitor’s Clerk ;Blacksmith ; Labourer ; Publican ; Washerwoman ; Grocer ; Charwoman ; Schoolmaster ; Manufacturer ; Whisk Maker ; Mason ; Stonemason ; Millwright ; Farmer ; Gardener ; Shopkeeper ; Innkeeper ; Clerk ; Housekeeper ; Student ; Toll Collector ( at Thongs Bridge ) ;Relieving Officer : Tailor ; Attorney –at – law ; Seamstress : Shoemaker ; Cordwarmer ( a shoemaker using best leather ).

List of Abodes

 The list of abodes that the inhabitants had given was most interesting as it contained  22 places within the Netherthong area. The most frequent abode was obviously given as Netherthong but many inhabitants seemed to prefer giving a more specific location and the following were also listed. Dockhill  ; Carr ; Hole Bottom ; Thongs Bridge ; Fear Nought ; Crodenley ; Wolfstones ; Brown Hill ; Sands House ; Moor Lane ; Lower Hagg ; Greave ; Dean Brook ; School House ; Wells Green : Harroyd ; Dean House ; Parsonage House ; Spring Bottom ; Miry Lane Bottom ; Well House and Bridge Mill.

Many of these places have disappeared over time and I had to consult the 1854 Ordnance Survey map to find where many of them were. Harroyd ( Har Royd on the map ) was situated  on the right hand side of  Dean Brook road going from Deanhouse to Lower Hagg. Crodenley, which consisted of about 6 houses,  was on the left hand side of Thong Lane going down to the Woodhead Road and the area of the group of  houses that are there now is  referred to as Crodenley.

 If you had turned right onto the Woodhead road and progressed to Holmfirth you would have come  fairly quickly to Spring Bottom on your right  then Lower Fearnough on your left and a short distance further on both Upper Fernought and Well House on the right. Brown Hill was an area with a farm near Wolfstones and Carr was a house on Wolfstones Road.

Holmfirth High School published a very detailed and informative history of Holmfirth and the Holme Valley  and listed the population of the local villages for every ten years starting in 1801 and finishing in 1851. The population of Netherthong for those decades were.

1801 =679   ; 1811= 787 ; 1821 = 927  ; 1831 = 1004  ; 1841 = 1156 ;  1851 = 1207 and clearly show that the population nearly doubled in 50 years.

The Deanhouse Workhouse 1861 to 1916

Aerial photograph of Deanhouse Workhouse

The vast frontage of the workhouse.

 

Another aerial view of the Institution
Another aerial view of the Institution
Aerial view of the Institution showing Miry Lane cottages in top right hand corner
Aerial view of the Institution showing Miry Lane cottages in top right hand corner

 

Old map of the Workhouse and Deanhouse
Old map of the Workhouse and Deanhouse

 

View of Miry lane Bottom showing the Institution on the left – 1910

 

Deanhouse Workhouse was built in 1861 and received its first inmates in September 1862 and in 1880 an infirmary was added. In 1938 the Workhouse, now a Public Assistance Institution, was taken over by Upper Agbrigg Guardians Area and its function changed to being a hospital and it was called St.Marys.  On Tuesday, January 16th. 1968 it ceased to be a hospital and the 53 patients still resident were transferred to other hospitals in the area. It was demolished in 1970 and a housing estate, called St.Marys, after the name of the hospital, was built in its place.  

The Express and other sources of information referred to it by a variety of names which can be quite confusing. Rather than correct them, I have left them as recorded. Hence you will come across – Holmfirth District Workhouse ( Slater Directory of 1864 ) : Deanhouse Workhouse : Deanhouse Institution : Public Assistance Institution  : Deanhouse Sanitarium : Deanhouse Hospital : St. Mary’s Hospital.

Prior to the reformation , it had always been considered a Christian duty to carry out the instructions in Matthew Chapter 2, e.g. feed the hungry, visit the sick, clothe the naked but after the reformation many of these values disappeared and the poor were left without help.

In 1552, Parish registers of the poor were introduced and in 1563 Justices of the Peace were given power to raise funds to support the poor and categories were drawn up for the different types of poor beggars on the street.

Deserving Poor : This category was for those people who wanted to work but were unable to find suitable employment. These people were to be given help in the form of clothes, food or maybe money ( Outdoor relief ). Those who were too old, too young or too ill to work would be looked after in almhouses, orphanages, workhouses or hospitals. Orphans and children of the poor were to be given an apprenticeship to a tradesman ( indoor relief ).

Undeserving Poor : They were also called idle beggars or sturdy beggars.  This category was for those who could work but chose not to. They were to be whipped through the town until they learnt the error of their ways.

In 1572 it was made compulsory that all people pay a local poor tax and five years later in 1597 it was made law that every district must have an Overseer of the Poor. His role was to work out how much money was needed for the poor in that district and set the poor rate accordingly. His other responsibilities were to collect the poor rate from the property owners, relieve the poor by dispensing food or money and supervise the Parish Poor House.

The following three items  from 1826 and 1832 relate to the role of the Relief of the Poor. The first is the approved assessment for Netherthong at 2/- in the £ , signed 28 December 1832. The next two items are accounts of money paid weekly by Joseph Mallinson, Overseer of the Poor. The first is from Oct 8 1825 to 31 March 1826 and the second is dated October 7 1926.

 

An Assessment for Relief of the Poor 1832.
An Assessment for Relief of the Poor 1832.
Details of Poor Rates paid out. 1825-1826
Details of Poor Rates paid out. 1825-1826

 

Poor Rate Accounts Oct 1826
Poor Rate Accounts Oct 1826

In 1601 an Act of Parliament called the Poor Law was passed and incorporated all the measures stated above. Another New Poor Law was enacted in 1834 which was to be administered in areas larger than the old parishes. These new areas were called Unions under the national leadership of the Poor Law Commissioners and locally were to be under the control of elected Boards of Guardians. These Guardians were citizens of the parish and were normally well-to-do. Every Union had to have a workhouse.

In the Poor Law Amendment Act it stated :

a) no able –bodied person was to receive money or other help from the Poor Law authorities unless they were in the workhouse,

b) the conditions in the workhouses were to made very harsh to discourage people from wanting to receive help.

c) the workhouses would be large in size and contain separate places for the insane and elderly. Men and women were to be separated.

 The Huddersfield Poor Law Union formally came into being on 10 February 1837.

A Parliamentary report of 1777 recorded that there were local workhouses in Almondbury, Kirkheaton and Lockwood. There were also early ones in Honley and Lepton and by 1815 workhouses had been  established at Golcar and Marsden. Wooldale and Thurstonland set up their own workhouses after 1815 and by 1834 they had also been established  at Slaithwaite, Upperthong and Lindley and there was a note  that Netherthong, Scholes and Holme might  had one each round about the same time . During my research  I  came across a comment  that stated ” Netherthong’s first Workhouse in 1860 was based in an old building in Moor Lane which was known locally as the Bastille and inmates were transferred to the one in Deanhouse in 1862.” This  Bastille building  was marked  on the Ordinance Survey Maps of 1854,1888 and 1918 but by 1922 it was referred to as Lydgett farm. The building , pre 1950, was used and owned by Malcolm Hawkswell who had lived in Netherthong for more than 50 years and he used it as part of his farm . There were 3 floors, corn etc on the top floors and cows on the ground floor. He sold it in the 1990s and it was converted into terraced housing.

I spoke to Peter Higginbotham who runs an excellent web site all about the history of workhouses in the Huddersfield area complete with  diagrams and maps. He said that he had not found any reference that Netherthong had a workhouse in place in the post 1834 period and, in the absence of any hard facts, he could only offer that the word Bastille was a popular name given to workhouses after, but not before,1834 and the Netherthong Bastille may have served for a period as a Parish workhouse.

 ” The South & West Yorkshire Village book”  written by members of those Federations of Women’s Institutes had a chapter devoted to Netherthong  and one paragraph stated ” the Bastille is a 3-storey building built after the Poor Law was passed in 1834 authorising Union Workhouses to be built. The inmates were confined to the premises, married couples were kept separated with a Master and Mistress to control food and lodging “. It is now likely that when the Deanhouse Workhouse was opened the inhabitants from the Bastille were transferred across. 

Allan Place wrote a superb book on the Poor Laws and Huddersfield which was published by the Holme Valley Civic Society. It is complete with maps,sketches and ephemera and covers many of the small villages in the Holme Valley. He devoted several pages to the question of the Bastille and its possible use as a workhouse. He states ” that the building shown on the old maps as the ” Bastille ” is steadfastly reported by many of the native inhabitants to have been a workhouse before Deanhouse was built. It is difficult to prove the non-existence of anything but all evidence points to the “Bastille” never having been a workhouse.”

He listed eight points to prove his argument and I have summarised some of them. The Enclosure Map of Netherthong drawn between 1826 – 1829 seems to date the building post 1829. In the 1841 census no paupers were shown to be living in the village. The Tithe Map dated 1850 shows the Bastille as comprising eight cottages each in separate occupation and the landowner as Thomas Dyson. The only reference to a poorhouse is a cottage down Deanbrook Road owned by the Netherthong overseers of the poor. The 1851 census lists only two paupers, neither of whom was living in the Bastille. The 1861 census shows the Bastille occupied by eight families, with ages ranging from 23 to 64, and all engaged in occupations concerned with textiles.

After his very detailed research he concludes ” as no paupers ever seemed to have lived in this property and the Bastille was never owned by the township of Netherthong or by the Huddersfield Guardians, the reports of this building ever being a workhouse seem to be inaccurate folklore “.

Honley had a new workhouse erected in 1763 on land donated by the Earl of Dartmouth. It was also used by the Netherthong and South Crosland townships and stayed in operation until October 1862 when its inmates were transferred to the newly opened union workhouse at Deanhouse. The Poor Law Board assented to the Deanhouse site and the land was purchased for £1.250 and conveyed to the Huddersfield Guardians in 1860.

Work on the Deanhouse Workhouse began in 1861 and Mr.Trotter, the M.O. for the new Workhouse, certified it was ready to receive its first inmates in September 1862. It was designed by John Kirk, could accommodate over 200 inmates and had a two –storey, T-shaped main block.  The Guardians resolved later in 1862 that instructions be given to prepare a vagrant ward for 10 men and 10 women  and  in 1880 an infirmary was added. The building of the Workhouse did not take place without criticism and people made it their business to keep a close eye on the activities. The residents of Netherthong were very much distressed and called a meeting of ratepayers and a  list of their complaints was passed to Mr. Jagger, the Guardian for Netherthong, for him in turn to pass on to the Board of Guardians. The Slater Directory of 1864 called it the Holmfirth District Workhouse.

A request was made by the Guardians in 1863 by St. Mary’s Church ( does this mean the Wesley Chapel ?) for help in extending their burial ground as a result of the increased number of burials from the workhouse.

In 1881 a full census was carried out and the total number of residents was 169. It listed their age, sex, occupation, handicap and birthplace. There  were five staff, Jonathan Hinchliffe was the Head, his wife, Elizabeth, was the matron and Hannah, their daughter, was assistant matron. The remaining staff were Dinah Stamford, nurse, and Mary Stead a general servant.

The majority of the inmates were unmarried with some widows/widowers. They  came from all over Yorkshire with the exception of seven from Ireland, one from North America and one each from  Faversham,Hereford,Manchester and Lincoln. There were only four inmates from Netherthong.

Elizabeth Bates, 32 years, Idiot. Sarah Garside, 36 years, Idiot .

Abel Littlewood, 60 years, wool weaver.   Alfred Wimpenny, 41 years, donkey driver.

In the category of handicap, they were listed either as a lunatic, an idiot or blind. The workhouse had seven lunatics, 35 idiots and two blind.  The dictionary defines an idiot as .. a foolish or unwise person, a person having the lowest level of intellectual ability. The definition for a lunatic is simply ..a madman/madwoman. Occupations were generally listed as weavers, farm labourers, slubbers and stone quarrymen.

  Since writing this chapter back in 2008,  I decided to include the information from the  National census for 1871 which was the first one after after the Workhouse was opened. I have also added the Census for 1891 and both of these have been given separate Chapters.

 In April 1870 the Huddersfield Examiner & West Riding Reporter carried an article on an imbecile inmate, named John Curley, who was placed in the dock at Huddersfield Police Court charged with damaging the property of the guardians. Mr.James Wood, the master of the workhouse, showed that the prisoner possessed sufficient intelligence to discern between right and wrong and that for sometime he had manifested a great contempt for his bedclothes having frequently torn blankets and sheets. He had been before the court seven times for the same offenses and on six times had been committed to Wakefield House of Correction. Punishments seemed to have had no effect and the master had tried leniency again with no effect. Curley had nothing to say to the charge and the justices decided to inflict the most severe punishment which the law allowed, namely to commit him to prison for 42 days.

The Huddersfield Chronicle reported in July 1871 that at the County Court in Huddersfield, Christopher Inchcliffe, a pauper at the Institution, was charged with misconducting himself. He had left the house in the morning and didn’t return until the following day. He had done this several times and on each occasion had been cautioned. The Magistrates sent him to prison for 21 days. Another pauper, Charles North, was charged with a similar offence but, on promising not to offend again, he was discharged.

The paper referred to January 17 1874 as one of the red letter days , the occasion being a treat to the inmates provided at the sole expense of Mr.James Bower, one of the Guardians for the township of Upperthong. The dining hall, which was used on Sundays as a preaching hall, projected a pretty gay appearance. At 1pm the inmates, numbering 173, sat down to dinner, which included plum pudding and beef besides a variety of pies and deserts. Mr.Wrigley, the chairman of the Board of Guardians, made  very witty observations during the dinner and praised the generosity of Mr.Bower. At 3pm , 16 Guardians along with a few favoured friends sat down in the D room for a dinner. A company of Glee singers, including Miss Stead, Mr.J.Meller, Mr.Townsend and Mr.Hirst, entertained. Many toasts were proposed and seconded and Mr.Wood , the Master, gave thanks on behalf of the inmates.

For the Annual Christ treat in December 1874  roast beef and plum pudding was given to the inmates in the dining room which had been nicely decorated. The public were admitted to view the premises and a large number availed themselves of the opportunity. The following year in October, Mr.Jonathan Morehouse Lockwood of Sycamore, who was one of the Poor Law Guardians, gave a treat to the inmates. Almost 200 sat down to the fare provided for them and served up by the Matron, Miss Wood, and her assistants. After dinner they were entertained by various amusements. Mr.Lockwood also entertained the Guardians and officers of the Union to a first class dinner. The cloth having been removed the usual loyal and other toasts were given and a Glee Party of Miss Stead, Miss Renshaw, Mr.B.Hirst, Mr.M.Stead and others with Mr.Sandford the pianist provided the entertainment. The Annual Christmas treat in 1876 was given to the inmates. For the previous few years the public had been invited to inspect the place and view the proceedings but much mischief had been created by this privilege being granted and it was decided not to throw the place open on the day. As a consequence many people who were not aware of the fact had a wasted journey. The 1877 Christmas treat followed the normal pattern and, in addition to the customary  beef and plum pudding, the inmates were given a pint of beer. Several Guardians were in attendance and acted as servers and waiters. At the close of dinner, Mr.Henry  Butterworth , an old Guardian, addressed a few suitable words which were loudly cheered. On the following day the matron provided a good tea and to round of the festive season the master on New Year’s day invited the services of a brass band ( not specified ) which performed during  a selection of music during the evening. On October 6 1881 the inmates were given a treat and the tables in the dining room were laden with beef, ham and a variety of confectionery which were a gift of Miss Brooks and Miss Siddon  of Honley. After the meal, the master, Mr. Hinchliffe, addressed them on the generosity of the ladies and called for three cheers. In the evening there was another distribution of confectionery and the smokers received one ounce of tobacco.

In June 1882, at the meeting of the Huddersfield Board of Guardians, the Deanhouse visiting committee recommended that the salary of Miss Hinchliffe be increased from £3 to £20 a year on condition that she performed the duties of cook and assistant matron. Also that the joint salaries of Mr.& Mrs. Hinchliffe, the master and matron, be increased from £100 to £120 a year.  Both proposals were passed . A letter from the Local Government Board, dated 10 June, approved a proposal from the Guardians to allow the children at the Workhouse to have their bread and dripping at 8.45 instead of 12.30. The Board of Guardians received a letter at their September 1883 meeting from Miss Hannah Hinchliffe, assistant matron of the Workhouse, whose father and mother had been called upon to resign their appointments. It read -” If the office I hold requires a notice to quit, take this for one. Hannah Hinchliffe.” The newspaper reported that when the letter was read out to the members it caused a lot of laughter ! In March the following year Elizabeth Whitehead was appointed as general assistant matron at a salary of £26 pa.

The Holmfirth Express regularly reported news and events to do with the Workhouse as well as recording the minutes of the Board of Guardians. The style of newspaper reporting in the late 1800s and early 1900s was to give details of virtually everything and everyone associated with an event. This can be seen in the details of the food supplied to the inmates at the Christmas and New Year  festivities.

Christmas and Royal events such as Jubilees & Coronations were always  celebrated at the Workhouse. Another important  feature was the  large number and diversity of groups, bands, choirs  who voluntarily came to entertain the inmates and they are detailed in this chapter. Christmas Day and New Year parties were always highly anticipated. On New Year’s Day in 1885 a beautiful treat was provided for 236 inmates through the liberality of Miss Seddon and Miss Brooks. The inmates sat down to an ample supply of food and the sick patients were provided for in their own wards. As usual tobacco and snuff were given by Captain Jessop. Mr. & Mrs. Heastie, master and matron, gave thanks on behalf of the inmates. For the Christmas festivities at the end of the year the workhouse had been decorated by Mrs.Heastie (matron ), nurse Miss Grimshaw and laundress Miss Whitehead. At 7 am the strains of the Philharmonic Band reverberated through the building. Dinner was at 12.30 and served by the Guardians and each inmate had roast beef, parsnips, potatoes, pickled cabbage and a pint of beer. Miss Bidden and Miss Octavia Brooks presented Christmas cards to each of the 235 inmates. The evening meal was at 5.30. 

December 1886.  The inmates had an ample treat on Christmas Day. At 7am the Netherthong Brass Band and the Philharmonic Band played in front of the house and in the hospital. At 10am, 1 oz. of tobacco, a packet of snuff and an apple and orange were distributed and 213 cards, individually addressed, were handed to each inmate. At 12.30 they all sat down to a dinner of roast beef, potatoes, mashed turnips, pickled cabbage and plum pudding plus a pint of beer. They all joined in singing “ Christians Awake “ accompanied by Miss Edith Grant on the harmonium and at 6pm. they all sat down for tea which consisted of  tea, bread and butter, plum loaf and cheese and  finished off the evening by singing hymns accompanied on the harmonium and also the violin by Allan Rowsbottom, one of the inmates.

On January 4 1887, the inmates were entertained in the evening. It started at 4pm with a knife and fork tea ( beef and ham with tea cake, bread and butter, spice cake and sweet loaf). After the tea, 170 were entertained by songs by Miss Brooke, Mr.Whittell, Herbert Hinchliffe & Mr. Beastie, there were recitations by Mr.Jubb and piano solos by Edith Grant and the Honley Hand Bell Ringers finished the evening off. Thanks to Captain Jessop they all received apples, oranges and cake plus an ounce of tobacco or a packet of snuff.

At the Christmas dinner at the end of the 1887 they all received a gift of 2d. The Guardians who helped at the party were : Mr. Kilburn ; Mr.Brook;Mr.Scissett; Mr.Mellor; J.Kilner ; Firth Hobson ; Eli Whitwarm ; W. Haigh ; Mr. Wilshaw and Miss Siddon plus the chairman, Mr.H.Butterworth.         

1888 – The Annual Christmas party was held with 213 inmates having a full treat. In February they were entertained by Mr.Piggott of Huddersfield who exhibited his magic lantern show using various selections of slides illuminated by limelight . This was followed by the Netherthong Juvenile Carbonised Minstrels under the conductorship of J.J.Jackson

1889 – 204 inmates enjoyed their Christmas party and listened to a poem ( anon ) entitled “ Christmas treat at the Deanhouse Workhouse “. A few weeks later they had their 1890 New Year entertainment.

1892 – a children’s concert was given at the Workhouse by members of the various Bands of Hope.

At a meeting of the Board of Guardians it was reported that at a meeting of the Imbecile Location Committee, it was resolved that it be a recommendation that all the inmates of the Workhouses of the Union classified as imbeciles be accommodated at Deanhouse. A male and female imbecile attendant should be appointed.

The annual Christmas dinner was held with 174 inmates.

1893 – mindful of safety regulations  the Local Government Board sanctioned an expenditure of £341 for provision of fire-escapes. It wasn’t until August 1921, 28 years later, that the Board of Guardians discussed precautions against fire and  were informed that for a subscription of £2 2s per annum, they would enjoy the privileges of subscribers to the Holmfirth Fire Brigade. They agreed and also requested that the master would institute a periodic fire drill.

In July the inmates were allowed to honour the Royal marriage of the Duke of York with a dinner, concert and gifts. And in June 1897 they also celebrated the Diamond Jubilee of the Queen.

Later that year the contract for coffins was let to John Batley of Netherthong.

1898 – the inmates were entertained by the St.George Troupe of Minstrels with plantation songs and sketches.

1902 . In July , Deanhouse Workhouse had planned to celebrate the Coronation but when this was postponed the management  decided not to disappoint the inmates and instead to make it a “Peace rejoicing on the end of the Boer War “. So at the end of the month the Workhouse inmates were invited to a picnic at Harden Moss with the remit  “ To join with the old folks in celebrating the conclusion of the war in South Africa . The “old folks” were to be the poor, maimed and blind sojourners in the workhouses of Deanhouse and Crossland Moor and  31 men and 21 women were conveyed in waggonettes and chara-a-banc. They had a substantial meat tea and prior to going home the men had a glass of beer and a bun and the women a cup of tea with “something in it “and a bun. Those old folks, who through feebleness or other causes could not go to Harden Moss, had a special high tea.

Mr. J.Heastie, master at the workhouse, had written to Netherthong District Council asking for a temporary supply of water as he said they were completely without water. The surveyor said that as water was flowing into its own reservoir  they could spare some. The workhouse received 80,000 galls at 1/3 per 1000 galls.

At the beginning of  August the ladies of the Huddersfield Parish Church gave a treat to the children by taking them to the Hope Bank Pleasure Grounds. In addition to the entertainment they were provided with a substantial tea and each child was given a present when they left to return  back to the Workhouse.

Later in the month the Workhouse celebrated the Coronation of King Edward VII. The buildings had been decorated inside and outside and in the afternoon the inhabitants of Netherthong , including the children from the 3 Sunday schools, who were also celebrating the Coronation, marched down in procession with banners flying. They were headed by a brass band and along with the Netherthong Philharmonic Band they played national airs. The procession moved from the main gates to the quadrangle and cheered the sick people with hymns. The inmates had a breakfast of ham and bread and butter and for dinner they had lamb and mint sauce, kidney potatoes, beer served in a coronation mug followed by gooseberry, raspberry and rhubarb tarts,

In September the Netherthong District Council received a letter from Mr.J.Heastie. He said that the Board of Guardians had placed 4 additional lamps on the frontage which cast some light on the road but there was one part they could not reach and that was under the Council’s control. There was a distance of 227 yards without a light from the workhouse entrance to the junction near Dockhill. The Council agreed to fix a gas lamp and have the lamp lit and extinguished by their lamplighters on condition that the Guardians pay for the gas consumed as the road is mainly for use by the workhouse. The Guardians replied that as the lamp would be for the benefit of the general public, they were not prepared to pay for the gas.

At the Board of Guardians meeting in October they discussed a report from  the Commissioners in Lunacy that they had received  of the visit of one of their visiting commissioners. It stated that there were 35 men and 25 women classed as persons of unsound mind. The report was generally favourable , portions of both sexes went out for walks in the country weekly. 5 men and 1 woman had to be restrained by means of a straightjacket.

1903 – the Workhouse approached the local Council to see if they were prepared to let them have a permanent supply of water for domestic use. The Council were unanimous that they could not undertake to offer a permanent supply.

On Shrove Tuesday 1904 the residents were entertained to a musical evening by the choir of the Parish Church. A few months later in July , 100 inmates were conveyed in 9 vehicles ( waggonettes and char-a-banc ) to Skelmanthorpe. They went to the assembly room in the WMC and were entertained with lots of food , games and music. The Skelmanthorpe people paid for the event by public subscription.  The Board of Guardians approved that the salary of Mrs. Emma Ramsden, a wardwoman at the infirmary be increased by £2 to £22 pa.  At the end of the year they enjoyed their customary Christmas party – as usual they received tobacco and snuff from Col.Jessop and Miss Seddon gave all the over 65s a shiny 6d coin each.

In February the Guardians resolved to accept from the Council a private supply of water at the rate of 1s per 1000 gallons at a minimum annual charge of £25. The cost of easement and the lengths of pipes was £180 and the Council gave permission to lay them.

1905. In February, Mrs.Scott a female imbecile attendant resigned and was replaced by Mrs. Pavor of Leeds. Miss M. Haigh , the cook and assistant matron, resigned and Miss Turner was appointed to the position.

In June at the Huddersfield West Riding Court, Charles Bentley, a pauper,  was charged with absconding from the Workhouse with clothing belonging to the Union ( his clothes were stamped “ Deanhouse Workhouse “ ). The prisoner made the excuse that he had only left for a few days and was coming back. He had been committed to prison the previous month for a similar offence and this time was committed to jail for 31 days with hard labour.

In December the Board of Guardians approved by 28 votes to 17 that beer could be supplied for the annual Christmas treat. The pre-Christmas concert party was given by the girls of the Brockholes Embroidery Class with lots of songs and dances.

For the Annual Christmas party the whole place was decorated with holly, plants, ivy, lanterns, banners and a big tree. Captain Jessop made his normal presentation of tobacco and snuff and the evening concert was given by the Netherthong Church choir.

On Shrove Tuesday in 1906 the Parish Church choir paid a visit and gave the inmates the usual Shrovetide entertainment.  The following month, Dr. Marriott Cook visited the Workhouse to make an inspection on behalf of the Commissioners on Lunacy. He reported that at the time of his visit there were 34 men and 25 women classed and detained as imbeciles. 3 of the women were in bed and looked comfortable. The remainder were in good health and in the wards specially set apart for them. Their clothing was suitable, bed and bedding well kept and they seemed to be on good terms with the attendants. A number were usefully employed and most were taken for weekly walks beyond the grounds. He noted that a fire main had been laid, there were 8 hydrants around the building, a shelter had been placed in the women’s court and that telephonic communication had been installed in the house.

The Board of Guardians received a letter from the engineer at Deanhouse asking for an increase in salary, a ½ day holiday a week and a Sunday off once a month. He said his present hours were 72/week.

In April 1907, the Board of Guardians received a letter from Mr. Heastie resigning because of bad health. His wife also resigned, 15 applications were received for the post of master / matron and in June Mr. and Mrs. Hoyle were appointed. Miss M.Barton, the assistant matron, resigned. Miss Hughes of the Leeds Union Workhouse infirmary was appointed assistant nurse.

In June a retirement party was held for Mr.& Mrs. Heastie in recognition of their 23 years service. They were presented with a porcelain dinner service in gold and blue pattern plus some art pottery by Mr. Robinson, the senior officer on the staff. In August they had their official presentation by the Guardians and received a silver tea and coffee service and a massive salver in the Queen Anne pattern.

Also in June it was reported that William Swallow, 73 years, was found on removal from Deanhouse gate lodge to the hospital that he had £1 2s 2d in his possession. As the amount consisted chiefly of gifts it was decided that the sum should be retained for him ( should he recover from his ailment ) and given to him in installments.

In September one of the Commissioners for Lunacy paid his regular visit  and reported that there were 32 men and 25 women classed as certified imbeciles and all were suitable for workhouse treatment. He added that 4 men and 6 women imbeciles were in special wards.

In November the Board of Guardians committee had declined an application from the master for his son to be able to spend week-ends with him. The Local Government Board had sanctioned his daughter living with him but not the son who  was only permitted to go as a visitor. Some of the members said that although the decision might be legally right  it was morally wrong. At a previous committee meeting it was proposed that a piano be purchased for Deanhouse this was approved provided that the cost did not exceed £30.

To round off the year , the inmates had two treats. The first was a concert organized by Frances Littlewood, a Guardian. The artistes were the misses Littlewood and Mr. Robinson one of the house officers. Mr. Platt gave some recitations.

The second was the Christmas day treat. Besides the traditional breakfast and dinner, the matron distributed cards to the inmates and gave 6d. to 40 old women. The usual 1oz. tobacco and ½ oz. snuff plus apples and oranges were issued and Miss Seddon presented every inmate over 60 with 1/-.

In January 1908, Mrs.Mary Caine from Cheshire was appointed laundress. Later that month a concert was given by a party of children from Honley Wesleyan Sunday School.

Miss King was appointed in August as the attendant to the female imbeciles at a salary of £25p.a.  Milnsbridge Socialist Choir entertained the residents in September.

Dr.J.Dyson resigned as the medical officer to the Workhouse after 14 years. The Board of Guardians confirmed that all inhabitants of the Workhouse who were in receipt of out-door relief during Christmas would be given an extra allowance of 1/- for the adults and 6d per child.

The Milnsbridge Pierrot Troupe visited for the first time but not knowing the way they were rather late in arriving. The annual Boxing Day entertainment was organized by Mr.J.Sykes and his party which consisted largely of his own family.

At the start of 1909 Miss Charlotte Lord, the charge nurse, resigned.

The inmates were treated to three concerts in February.The first one was by Mr.France Littlewood  and the misses Littlewoods and the brass quartet from Honley Brass band. A few weeks later it was the turn of the Queen Street Mission Choir to entertain. The last one was by the Netherthong Parish Church Choir.

The same month the Board of Guardians visiting committee recommended that two additional nurses be appointed, certain rooms at the old hospital to be provided for the use of nurses on night duty and  finally that the old washhouse in the women’s yard be prepared for the accommodation of female tramps.

At the Board of Guardian’s meeting in May, the report was read from the Lunacy Commissioner on his annual visit made in March. He saw 27 men and 30 women under detention orders as persons of unsound mind. 21 of the men and 23 women were in special wards. The rest were in the hospital and confined to bed. He said the wards and dormitories were in a good order. All the inmates who are able are employed in some form of work and are taken for walks beyond the grounds once or twice a week. Mechanical constraint had been used on one occasion since his last visit.

July saw the Buxton Road Wesleyan Choir give a concert and several months later it was the turn of the Crosland Moor Wesleyan Prize Choir to entertain the inmates.

Miss S.Ramsden, general assistant, was appointed as laundress at £25 pa. and at the end of the year Miss Edith Race of Barnsley was appointed assistant nurse.

More entertainment followed in October when the Slaithwaite Socialist Choir visited and additional fun was added by Mr. Rowcroft, a conjurer. The year ended with the normal Christmas festivities and as usual the Express detailed the food that was supplied – roast beef, roast pork, boiled leg of mutton, chicken , carrots, turnips, potatoes followed by rich plum pudding, beer,tea,coffee, tobacco, snuff and sweets.

The first concert of 1910 was given by the Crosland Moor United Handbell Ringers accompanied by Misses Margaret and Gertrude Littlewood and Professor Spencer. The report said that the dining hall was packed.  The next occasion was when the Young Women’s bible class connected with the Milnsbridge Baptist Chapel paid a visit and entertained them. The following month, June, Mr. & Mrs. Charlie Tinker of Upperthong brought along one of the latest gramophones and lots of records by great singers.  Honley Brass Band spent an afternoon in August entrtaining the inmates. The same month the Board of Guardians received the annual report on the visit by Mr.Trevor the Lunancy Commissioner to the Workhouse. He said that the conditions were good and that 23 men and 27 women were permanently detained as persons of unsound mind.

In April the Workhouse was thrown open for 2 days to adult visitors and they were given the following details.  It provides accommodation for 275 inmates and is reserved for the better class of aged, chronic sick, imbeciles and harmless lunatics. The staff consists of master and matron, cook, matron’s assistant, laundress, male and female attendants upon imbeciles, baker, engineer, farm man, superintendent nurse and nurses. There was a vegetable garden and piggery. The present attendance is 180 inmates. The total cost of Deanhouse had been £14, 220 and it stands on 11 ½ acres.

At the beginning of February 1911, the Clifton Glee Party along with Mr.G.W.Gledhill, Miss Whitwam and Miss Jennie Lodge  gave a concert. The Party was under the care of Joseph Gledhill , a member of the Board of Guardians. The following month it was the turn of the Carlton Comedy Company to entertain the inmates.

The Coronation festivities at the Workhouse were a great success with lots of food with music provided by by the Hepworth Brass Band.

The last concert of the year in November was given by members of the “ Jumped up “ Pierrots from Linthwaite.

1912. Honley Brass band played a concert to the inmates in June. Later that year the Board of Guardians agreed to increase the salary of the Medical officer, Dr.Smalles, to £70pa on the understanding that he also acted as the MO for the staff and that his salary included all fees for certifying lunatics etc. In October the staff presented a silver flower stand to Mr.& Mrs. Hoyle, master and mistress, who had been promoted to take charge of Crosland Moor Workhouse. The Hoyles had been there for 5 years and had succeeded the Heasties.

Mr.T.Robinson, an attendant at the Workhouse, had made an application to the Board of Guardians for an increase in salary as he worked 100 hours a week and his duties were very trying. The outcome was not reported.

In November the Board of Guardians had received a letter from the National Amalgamated Society of House and Ship Painters and Decorators drawing the committee’s attention to the fact that the house painter at the Workhouse was not a member of the Union. They wanted him to join the union and they thought the time had come when the Board of Guardians should not employ people who were not members of a trade union. A sub-committee was set up to look into the matter. If I now fast forward to the Boards meeting in March 1913, they had received 3 applicants for the job of painter at Deanhouse and prior to the interviews they discussed whether the successful applicant should be a member of a trade union. The chairman ruled that the applicants should not be asked the question. Mr. Cheetham was appointed.

At the annual Christmas party the music was played by the Holme Brass Band.

1913. 21 applications had been received for the posts of porter/bookkeeper and portress/launderess. Mr. & Mrs. Durrant were appointed.

In March the inmates were entertained by the Honley Rag Time Coons, a troup of 20 members and the programme consisted of songs and selections by Coon Johnson, Coon Jones and Coon Tambo.  At a meeting of the Board of Guardians later that year in September the following items were passed : that suitable accommodation be provided so that phthisis cases can be transferred to Deanhouse and also that, as soon as the drainage on the estate is completed the Workhouse should be known as Deanhouse Sanitarium.

In May Mrs. Jane Brown was appointed assistant nurse and Miss Riddle needle mistress and general relief attendant. The salary of Miss Richmond, imbecile assistant, was increased from £28 to £32 and Mr.Froggatt, the farm assistant, was granted an increase of 2/- a week.

At the Board of Guardians meeting in July, Mr.Dirk referred to the new dietary table for the officers at Deanhouse and said that it seemed that the meat allowance of 5lb./week was extravagant. The Clerk said the table was legal and each officer was entitled to the allowance.

In August the Honley Band entertained the inmates. The Annual  Christmas  party with Miss Siddon, now the chairman of the Guardians Board, assisting was its normal success.

In January  1914 a concert was given by Mr. Scholfield Haigh, a famous Yorkshire County Cricketer, and his party. They were Lillie Miller ( soprano ), Miss M.Dawn ( contralto ), Mr. N. Sanderson ( bass ) , Leslie Lynch ( humorist ) and Jas. Brooks ( accompanist ).

The following month the Board of Guardians approved that Mr. E.Quigley ( matron’s assistant ) should have his salary increased from £15 to £18 per annum.They also increased the salaries of Mr. and Mrs. C. Durant, the porter and porteress, by £3 and £2 10s a year respectively. During the month the Honley Wesleyan Choir gave a concert for the inmates.

In August there was a presentation at the Workhouse. Mr. & Mrs. Crockett, who for the past 20 months had been joint master and matron were appointed to Derby Workhouse and were presented with an inscribed silver combination flower vase.

A reporter from the Express made a detailed visit and they published a very flowery effusive report.

The Guardians agreed in August that Mrs. Kate Weekes, cook attendant for the nurses, should be re-appointed for a further 12 months at £30 pa plus rations.

In September Mr. and Mrs. S.F.Rowbottom were appointed as the new master/matron at a salary of £120 pa for the master and £100 for the matron. They had both been at Southwall Workhouse.

In October the Board of Guardians agreed that  Jepson Brook, the painter at Deanhouse, should be paid his full salary, less the separation allowance paid to his wife by the War Office, whilst on active duty.

1915. The salary of Miss A.Richardson, imbecile attendant, was increased from £28 to £32 pa. At the July 1914 meeting of the Board of Guardians, the minutes of the Deanhouse Committee including the Medical Officer’s half-yearly report were read out.  They recommended that the repairs in regards to the drainage should be put in hand without delay, the dining hall needed ceiling ventilation,the meat cellar was badly ventilated, separation of disagreeable and noisy cases from other inmates and double attendance in the lunatic wards were necessary . Better accomodation was required for the nurses and epileptics should be separated  from other cases. The Master’s report showed that there were 244 patients compared to 191 in July 1914.

In August there was a garden party at Deanhouse. The inmates listened in the afternoon to the Honley Brass Band which  played first in the garden and then on the front drive. The band members proceeded to a neighbouring inn  and were treated by Miss Sidon, chairman of the Board of Guardians, to a high tea. All the patients were supplied with tobacco and sweets.

In September it was decided that that temporary arrangements should be made to the inmates diet. Cheese, bread and a coffee dinner would replace roast on every Wednesday. In October, Mr.J.E.Boothroyd, baker at the Institute made an application requesting permission to join HM Forces and the request was referred to the Committee.

In December the Master reported to the Board of Guardians that an Inspector to the Board of Agriculture had come to inspect the land and the potato crop and that no cure for the wart disease was known. He said that the gas had been unsatisfactorily for the last two weeks but added that the electric light mains were likely to be brought within a reasonable distance of the Institution. The Board would submit a scheme to install electricity .

The photograph below was taken some time in 1915 and shows members of staff. I’m assuming that the Master & Matron, Mr. & Mrs. S.F. Rowbottom are among them.

Staff present during 1915

For the history from 1916 to the closure in 1968 see separate chapter.

Netherthong and the Wars – Part 4 – WW2

 

Netherthong and its part in World War 11

   From the middle of 1938, as the threat of war increased, the Express was the conduit for informing all the residents about the introduction of new rules and restrictions such as black-out times and ration cards. It also included public notices from various Ministries on a large range of subjects which had a common aim – SAVE.

The first notice in October by the Urban District Council of Holmfirth was titled Air Raid precautions and fitting of Civilian Respirators – ” Whatever the state of the International situation the Census and Fitting of Civilian Respirators will be completed. Please remain at home as much as possible this week-end until you have been fitted with your Civilian Respirator.” It the listed the names of the wardens.

Netherthong 1 – New Road, East side of West End to Moor Lane – Mr.Gilbert Bailey ( West End )  & Mr.A.C.Roebuck.( Ox lane Farm ).

Netherthong 2 – Giles Street, Miry Lane, Outlane, Dock Hill, Towngate and Netherthong central – Mr. Wilfred Denton( West End ) and Cllr. Littlewood Hoyle ( Melrose Cottage ).

Netherthong 3- Top houses of Thong lane, Deanhouse, Dean Brook, Har Royd, Thongs Bridge – Mr. Albert Alsop ( 13 Dean Brook ) and Mr.David Birch ( Myra House ).

  In July, there was a notice of Air Raid precautions on the night of July13/14 and there had to be a full blackout between midnight and 4a.m. The following month there was a public notice concerning Civilian Respirators . It said that, as far as is known, the distribution of civilian respirators has been completed ( except for babies ) throughout the Urban District of Holmfirth.

 Also in  August there was a notice on the Discontinuance of Street Lighting. In the event of war breaking out, all Public Street Lighting throughout the district would be discontinued.   In September the police published a large half-page notice  about Air Raid Warnings. It stated that Warnings of impending Air Raids will be given by a fluctuating or “ warbling “ signal. If Poison Gas has been used , warnings will be given by hand rattles. The ringing of hand bells will announce that the damage from gas has passed.

War was officially declared on September 3. 1939

 

 A further notice issued in September is shown below  

Holmfirth

A.R.P.Committee

Volunteers are

Urgently required

To supply motor cars and drivers

For First-Aid work

And to act as Stretcher Bearers

( men over military age )

The Express also printed the details of the Emergency Instructions Pamphlet which was issued to all households throughout the country. These included :

a)    carrying of identity labels

b)    air raid warnings

c)     lighting restrictions

d)    fire precautions

e)     closing of places of entertainment – all cinemas , theatres, dance halls and places of public entertainment will be closed until further notice

f)      instructions to drivers of vehicles and cyclists

g)    traveling by road and rail

h)    telephones and telegrammes – do not use the ‘phone except for very urgent messages

i)       food supplies

j)      payment of pensions

k)    National Health Insurance

l)       General instructions – always carry your gas mask, avoid waste.

 The pamphlet ended with the exhortation “ Keep a good heart. We are going to win through.  

National Registration Day was also in September. 

 At the start of 1940 the Netherthong War Service Association Comfort Fund organized Whist Drives, Supper and Dance evenings once a month.  Throughout the year other organizations also held events to raise money for this fund and other worthy causes. In March a Whist drive and Carnival dance,  promoted by Mr.& Mrs.Hart of the Clothier’s Arms, was held at the Council School and raised £16. Other events included a concert by the Netherthong Male Voice Choir in April and in June  the Holme Silver Band, under the conductorship of F. Chantry, gave a concert in the National School. Also in June an early-morning-sing was held in a field near Oldfield Road kindly lent by H.Pennington and it brought together many people and the singing was led by the Netherthong Male Voice Choir. 25/- was raised for the Holme Valley Hospital.

 Thomas Dyson whose Lantern Lectures were a regular feature of the Netherthong scene gave one in December titled “ Beauty Spots in Derbyshire “ in aid of the Comfort’s Fund. 

 On March 9, 1940 all men who had reached the age of 24 in 1939 were required to register for service in the armed forces. Also that month  there was the first  notice in the paper about the saving of waste paper and collections would start on March 27. 

Rations were cut and, on 27 May 1940, sugar was reduced from 12oz to 8oz and this was followed on June 3 when butter dropped from 8oz to 4oz.

 In May the War Emergency Committee for the Holmfirth area ( which  included Netherthong ) was formed.

 Sphagnum moss ( bog moss ) was in demand as it could be dried and used as dressing for wounds. Both the Boy Scouts and Girl Guide Associations  asked their members to collect it when they went hiking on the moors.

 The Express in October ran the following large  notices about the evacuation of civilians to the District.

Holmfirth Urban District Council

Civilian Evacuation.

400 mothers and children are being sent to the district

from London under the Civilian Evacuation Scheme.

Mothers and children have to be housed……….. but overcrowding of houses cannot be permitted.

 The Government allowance payable to the householder for lodging only is 5/- for the mother and 3/- for each child.

S.G.Dilnot

Clerk to the Council

 In November the new Ration Book was issued and residents had to apply for it.

As the war continued to impact on people’s lives, the Ministry of Labour said that there would be no Bank Holiday on Boxing Day – War workers were asked to take one day off only.

 Inhabitants were continually being exhorted to help the war effort and in January 1941 it was decided that Holmfirth UDC would have a War Weapons Week ( January 25 to February 1 ). The Express had a ½ page notice with a map showing the boundary of the Urban District with all the villages marked. 

Aim to raise the cost of 6 tanks £150,000

Invest all you can in :

3% Savings Bonds ( 1955-1965 )

2 ½ % National War Bonds ( 1946-48 )

3% Defence Bonds

Savings Certificates

Make your money fight = Hit back at Hitler

There was a full programme of events with a big parade and an opening ceremony. Up to February 1, £242,000 had been raised for the War Weapons and the Express printed a list of the donors.

 Fundraising for the Comforts Fund continued and regularly included  whist drives and dances and in April 1941 the committee reported that the total amount raised for the Fund during the winter amounted to £63 8s 2d.  In May, Madame M. Hirst’s concert party “ The Will – do- Wells “ gave a high speed variety entertainment at the Zion Methodist school and the proceeds of £3 14s 3d went to the fund. The 21st. Annual Music festival , held in the Parish Church in June raised £9 for local charities and the Comfort Fund. In August the Comfort Fund committee organized a Grand Field Day and tea. It opened at 3pm and tea was at 4pm with the Hepworth Prize Band in attendance.  The numerous attractions included various sports and the day finished with a Grand Concert held in the school at 8pm. The artistes were ; Mrs. Norman Ellis – soprano ; Mrs. Walker – contralto . Fred Dickinson – bass. Clifford Garner – entertainer and Mrs. Hedley Brookes as accompanist. The admission was 1/3 for the field and tea and 6d for the concert. Almost £90 was raised and the Express carried a long report.  In December the Fund’s progress for the  year was given and it detailed the receipts from all the fund raising activities. These , including a balance of £123, totaled £348  and payments were made of £218 16s 4d

In May the Holmfirth UDC’s campaign to enroll 1000 blood donors exceeded  the target and they ended up at 1,258. 

 Whilst the war was raging unabated , many aspects of life continued unchanged. The theatres in Huddersfield were very busy with big stars, such as Elsie and Doris Waters, appearing regularly. The Valley Theatre, Holmfirth and the Palladium at Honley showed films.

 The cricket season resumed on April 19th.  and each week the Express devoted a full page to the results. The Rugby and Football leagues started up in August. There was a thriving local darts league with 12 teams including two from the Clothiers’ Arms.

In July the Ministry of Food placed a notice about the New Ration Books telling people that they must register between July 7 – 19 . “Failure to do so will mean that you may not get your rations when your new ration Books and your new registrations start on July 26.”

Blackout times were very important and the penalties for showing lights were severe. The Express always gave details of the times for the forthcoming week.  In August it said that blackout time would be 10.35 p.m. but, owing to the end of Double Summer Time and the abolition of the extra ¼ hour concession ,which had been made in April, the blackout time would now be 9.18 p.m.

There was no let-up as the public continued to be exhorted to help the war effort and in August the Holmfirth Urban District Council decided to have a two week salvage drive.

Holmfirth UDC

Salvage Drive 1941

September 6 – September 20

Housewives

Your Front is the HOME Front

PAPER

RAGS

METALS

Your Country need them

You can supply

Your Council will collect

 Netherthong people and organizations were among those contributing to the “Help for Russia “ fund organized by the Holmfirth Trades and Labour Council. The Netherthong Co-Op gave £2 2s 0d and the Parish Church £5 2s 6d.

 In December there was a public notice from the Ministry of Information. They were giving free film shows and all the films had to do with the war including “ From the 4 corners “, “ Salute to the Soviet “, “ Sinews of War – about the S.A. War Effort “ and “Beaverbrooks Battle Cry”. They were shown on Wednesday, December 18 at the National School.

The start of 1942 saw a National Paper Salvage Contest throughout January to increase collections.

Also in January the Holmfirth UDC issued a Public Notice about snow clearing. It said that as the Council had little labour for clearing snow it was requesting inhabitants ( men, women, children ) to help on clearing snow from footpaths and adjoining water channels.

 Following on from the successful War Weapons Week in January 1941 that had raised money for 6 tanks , it was decided to organize another one in February to try to raise £210,000 towards the cost of a destroyer. The Express ran a half-page notice. 

Warship Week

February 7 – February 14 1942

Invest all you can in :

3% Savings Bonds ( 1955 – 1965 )

2 ½ % National War Bonds ( 1949 – 1951 )

3% Defense Bonds

Savings Certifcates

Post Office Savings Banks 

Our Objective : A destroyer

Our Aim ; £210,000

Many social events such as Whist Drives and Dances continued to be  held throughout the district to raise monies for the Fund.

On February 14 the Express reported that £190,000 had been invested for Warship Week and listed many of the contributors including Netherthong Co-op for £500 and the Netherthong Comforts Fund with £467. On February 21 the paper proudly announced that a grand total of £231,754 had been raised. I  received,  ( May 2015 ), the following additional information. To celebrate the achievement, Holmfirth was presented with a ship’s plaque – this plaque still exists and will be the central exhibit at a war weekend in September 2015. The destroyer, named HMS HERO, was credited with sinking four U-boats and is mentioned as being the 1st. ship on the scene when a Sunderland flying-boat found U 559 in the Mediterranean in 1942. The code books from that submarine were sent to Bletchley and were instrumental in Alan Turing’s work.

 The Express published a notice from the Ministry of Food about Soap Rationing.

  From Monday, February 9, soap may only be bought against a coupon or buying permit. You will have 4 coupons in each 4 – weekly period and each coupon will entitle you to ;

14 oz. hand soap

or 3 oz. toilet soap

or 3 oz. soap flakes

or 6 oz. soap powder No. 1

or 12 oz. soap powder No.2

or 6 oz. soft soap.

In March the size of the Express was reduced by 10% to comply with the order issued by the Ministry of Supply.

 The Holmfirth UDC placed a notice in the paper requesting the services of 800 Salvage stewards to help the Council do some real work “ in your immediate neighbourhood “  It organized a series of meetings and the one for Netherthong was held in the National school at 7.30 on the 28th. April. The paper reported that the meetings had been poorly attended.

 Another new issue of Ration Books was issued in May and Netherthong residents had to go to the Holmfirth Food Office to obtain them. 

Many members of the Forces from the Netherthong area had written expressing their deep thanks for the parcels from the Comforts Fund. Once again names were not given and instead the Express printed – an RAF man wrote …….     Another RAF man states …….. A girl in the Forces writes ………     a second lieutenant writes ……. A driver writes …….

The tone in each one was similar and can be summed up by the words from one of them … “ just a few lines to thank you for your lovely Christmas parcel which I received yesterday. I feel very proud to receive such a nice gift and I am sure that all the other lads who got similar presents will feel the same.”

Entertainment  continued to be plentiful and, as an example, in the issue of the Express for January 24 1942, there were notices for 25 Dances, Whist Drives and Concerts many of them being for fund raising. The cinemas in Holmfirth and Honley showed the latest films and the theatres in Huddersfield were able to attract  the big stars . 

As they had done so successfully during the First World war, the local inhabitants set up a number of associations and organized  fund raising activities for them. They were often competing for funds.

 These included the Christmas Parcel Fund, the Netherthong War Service Association, the Netherthong War Memorial Association and  the Holme Valley Comforts Fund . Netherthong was part of this last fund which posted items to local men serving in the forces. The Express listed the contributions to the Fund from all the local villages.

Weekly sewing meetings were held weekly in aid of the Netherthong War Service Association. In November a whist drive was held in the home of Mr. Sykes of Towngate and £1 3s 6d was raised in aid of the Christmas Parcel Fund for the servicemen of the Netherthong Parish.  Mr. Thomas Dyson gave a lantern lecture on Shakespeare’s County – Warwickshire in the National School and the proceeds of £2 1s 6d went to the Christmas Parcel Fund.

Miss Wilson, the secretary of the Fund, stated that the following items had been sent to the servicemen. 21 pairs of socks, 34 scarves, 25 pairs of mittens, 16 bandages, 13 night shirts, 13 vests, 4 pairs of pants and 105 Dorothy bags.

Money was also being raised for the Netherthong War Memorial Fund and an American Tea given by Mrs. Bevan and Miss Floyd raised the princely sum of £25 3s 6d.

Mrs.L.Hoyle’s Melrose Cottage was the nerve centre of the Netherthong War Service Association and forwarded 22 parcels to the men of the district. Each parcel contained the following – shirt, socks, wool helmet, scarf, mittens, biscuits, chocolates, sweets, chewing gum, cigarettes, Christmas  cake, mending outfits, handkerchiefs and stationery. It also included letters from Miss Floyd ( President of the Association ) and the Rev. Black.

It was reported that a number of letters from local men in the forces had been received expressing their deep appreciation of the Christmas parcels sent to them.

 At Easter 1940, the War Service Association sent 35 2/6 postal orders and greetings messages to the Netherthong servicemen. Many of the recipients acknowledged their receipt.

In May, a War Emergency Committee for the Holmfirth Area was formed.

Later that year in August a Field day was held by the Netherthong War Service Association in a field opposite the Council School. The proceedings began with a procession led by Hade Edge Silver Prize Band. There were songs, sports, competitions, bring – and – buy stalls, donkey rides etc. Tea was served to 400 people in the school. The day finished with a concert by the Male Voice Choir plus friends and over £100 was raised.

 The Association organized a whist drive, supper and dance at the Council school in October. Ken Bailey’s Band provided the music for dancing and £31 11s 3d was raised. It also sent Christmas parcels to  57 of the men from the Parish serving in the forces. Each parcel contained a 5/- postal order, postage stamps, cigarettes, sweets, comforts etc. Letters of thanks were received from many of the servicemen  but, as I mentioned earlier, names were never included, instead the paper said .. a bombardier writes … a driver writes … a cadet pilot writes …. A Netherthong lad … etc etc.   Compare this with  the First World War when the paper always printed names and details of the soldiers. 

In this 21st. Century,  cigarettes and smoking are  generally frowned on ( since I wrote this chapter six years ago, frowned would now seem to be rather tame expression), but  it is worth remembering that in those early days of the 20th. century,  cigarettes were very much a way of life and an essential  ingredient in the well-being  of servicemen. A large advertisement on the front page of the May 18 1940 issue told its own message.

Cigarettes

For the Forces

Let us send “ smokes “ to the lads for you

Wherever they may be. We have special

Facilities for dispatching to the B.E.F. and

Other units who are entitled to receive their

Cigarettes and tobacco duty free.

Charlesworth

The Stationers

Victoria St.   Holmfirth

 

On the same theme, in 1944 the Express ran a number of Public Notices entitled “ Salute the Soldier “ which were in verse form, generally from the various theatres of war. One was slightly different and titled “The Fag “ .

T’was as black as your hand when we landed,

We silenced those posts to a man.

Then a dog started barking – the rockets went up

And that’s when the party began. 

We busted his radio station

The Major’s lot smashed his HQ,

Then his ammo went up – oh boy, what a roar!

Then I stopped one – and then we withdraw 

I was done for if Bill hadn’t found me

And poulticed me up with this rag.

I wouldn’t have missed it for thousands !

And now – well , thank God for a fag.”

 

The Express reported in their June issue that the first local man to lose his life in action of the present war was thought to be 21 years old Aircraftsman 1st. Class Henry Robinson of Shaley Wood, Thongsbridge. He was killed in a plane crash in Egypt.

In the same month , the paper published the following  Public Notice by the Urban District Council .

Auxiliary Fire Pump

Two-man manual pump.

Training . Netherthong  Wednesday 7.30p.m.

A Deanhouse man, Gunner Arthur Bontoft of the Royal Artillery, writing from “somewhere in England “ sent the Express the following verse under the title of “ The Rout of the Nazi “.

“ The bombers came droning out of the sun

They peppered the harbour with bomb and with gun,

And then, in the cowardly way that is theirs,

They treated the town to the rest of their wares.

But out of the cloud-banks our Spitfires came

( Whose pilots have won them such glorious fame ),

Undaunted, courageous they hurtled right in

Relentless the battles as fiercely they spin.

In sheer desperation the Nazi dog runs —-

He flies from the Spitfire’s invincible guns

And some of the enemy, eager to flee

Are brought crashing down to be drowned in the sea. 

So people of England, be all of good cheer,

The Spitfires are sweeping our native skies clear

No feelings of panic or tremulous woe

And we, all united, shall conquer our foe. “

  

Also in February Mrs. Willis of Journey’s End, New Road , received news that her husband, Sergeant-Pilot Lionel Richard Willis, who was reported missing in January, had been interned in occupied France after making a forced landing with his plane. The Willis’s had only moved to Netherthong a few months before. However Lionel returned back to England in June and, after being given sick leave for three weeks, was sent back to flying duties.

  Early in 1942, ACI Benjamin Wilson ( 22 years ) had not been heard of since the fall of Singapore. The Air Ministry said that some RAF officers had got out of Singapore and reached Java or Sumatra  but there was a report that he might have been in a ship that was attacked by the enemy although they had no further news.  Benjamin attended Netherthong  C of E School and was connected to the Parish Church where his father had been sidesman and vicar’s warden for about 45 years.

 In October 1943 it was reported that among the casualties from the crew of the Charybdis, a light cruiser, that exploded and sank after being torpedoed in a Channel fog was Ord/Tel Maurice Ramsey Froggatt ( 19 ) son of Mrs.Froggatt of St. Anne’s square. She had initially received a telegram to say that he had been killed on active service but then received a further telegram saying he was missing as it was known that some survivors had been taken prisoner but will no other details. Maurice had only joined the Navy 12 months previously  and before he joined up he was known as an amateur stage artist and excelled as a humorist and a pianist. He appeared in many concerts for the Comforts Fund. He was a staunch worker for the Netherthong Wesley Chapel and after being educated at the Council School was employed at Deanhouse Mills.

At the end of the year Private Frank Moorhouse ( 26 ) of 26 Outlane sent his parents a postcard to say that he had been transferred as a prisoner- of – war from Italy to Germany. On September 2014 I received  the following letter from Phil Knott that adds  more information about Frank Moorhouse and other P.O.W.s.

I am very interested in the entry on your website for POW F. Moorhouse in WW2. My father was a POW and was captured on 21 June 1942 at Tobruk, Libya.  He spent a short time at Benghazi before moving to another camp at Tarhuna.  He was transferred to PG85 at Tuturano and then PG70 at Monteurano – both in Italy.  When Italy surrendered he was moved to Stalag 4B at Mühlberg, Germany for several weeks and then to Stalag 4F, actually to a lead mine in Freiberg to the west of Dresden.  My dad’s POW number was 253068 and F Moorhouses’ was 252900.

My dad kept a diary of his experiences which can be seen at
http://www.pegasusarchive.org/pow/frames.htm
go to POW stories then Trooper G Knott.

There were only around 250 POWs at the mine and from what I have found their POW numbers were only from 252800 to 253200 so as far as I’m concerned that places F Moorhouse in the same work camp!  Also there is a photograph on the above website of my dad making his way home with a Cyril Randall who is mentioned in his diary, his POW number was 252899 and he was in the East Yorkshire Regiment.  Consecutive number with F Moorhouse means they were next to each other in the queue when registered at Mühlberg and had probably been good friends in Italy.
I am very interested if any relatives are still living.

 

A further missive from Phil is given below.

Diaries were banned and it is the only one I have come across written by someone in a work camp.
I have done many years research and have many documents.  My dad named the mine in some documents written later and it still exists today.  I actually visited the mine in 2008.
If you are interested please contact me on my email address and I will show you some of what I have.
If there are any relatives of F Moorhouse alive, I would be VERY interested.  
Regards Phil

Phil Knott

  In September 1944, Trooper Hubert Jackson, Reconnaisance Corp of the RAC, from Dock Hill was wounded whilst fighting in France and was sent to hospital in Ormskirk. His younger brother, Harold Jackson,was taken prisoner in Libya.

  The Salvage Scheme was still very much in force and in September 1942 the Express listed the various collecting points in Netherthong. All salvage was to be collected on Friday afternoons from the Mistal ( Mr.Sykes ) , the shed on the tip near to Mrs. Gledhill’s house  , Deanhouse Dam hut and Deanhouse Ins Building.

  There had been considerable discussion at the Holmfirth UDC meetings about providing meals and on November 27 there was the official opening of two British Restaurants , one in Holmfirth Wesley Methodist School and the other in Honley Co-op Hall, by Mr. Raft, MP for Colne Valley Division. They were both decorated in blue and cream and could accommodate 100 people. A 3-course meal would cost 1/- and the meals were brought from Denby Dale cooking centre in special containers. Not surprisingly the restaurants and the food  provoked a number of letters to the Express both for and against. There was however no denying they were a success and the statistics for the first 14 weeks from 27 Nov to 26 Feb 1943 were :

Holmfirth ; 11,695 main courses  ; 12,803 sweets  ; 6,274 soups and 6005 teas.

Honley  ; 12,583 main courses ; 14,848 sweets ; 5,891 soups and 5,016 teas.

Main courses cost 5d, sweets were 1 ½ d and soup was ½ d.

Residents in Netherthong, being located half-way between the two restaurants,  had their choice of which one to visit. In June 1943 it was reported that the restaurants were not doing as well as hoped and near the end of the year the Holmfirth UDC acknowledged  that they were running at a small loss. In February they were still losing money as  for the nine months to December 1943 Holmfirth had lost £141 and Honley £93. As a result the HUDC decided to change the supervision of the restaurants, However by March the situation had still not improved and the HUDC said that unless the Ministry of Food objected, the Holmfirth restaurant would be closed on April 1st. and Honley could also follow suit. At Holmfirth the average number of customers had dropped from 200 to 44.  However the Ministry intervened and HUDC had to reverse its decision to close them. An official said that instead of obtaining food from the Denby Dale Cooking Centre it would cook the food on the emergency cooking apparatus already installed at Holmfirth Retaurant. Honley would continue to be supplied from Denby.

 Finally on September 22nd. they were closed after  the HUDC received a letter from the Ministry stating that they were no longer serving any useful function.

 Each week the Express carried a range of public notices , more often than not from the Ministry of Food. These gave advice to farmers to improve milk yield, rearing rabbits, growing vegetables and in January 1943 they requested people to cut down on bread and use potato as a substitute.  Their notice said :

Flour costs ships

Use home-grown potatoes instead

 They gave recipes and advice on how to cook them and one of their favourites was Sponge Pudding made with potato.

April saw the start of another major fund raising activity which ran from 10th. to 17th. This time it was to raise £200,000 for 40 Spitfires by investing as much as possible in all the various Savings Bonds. In addition there were lots of fund raising events. At the end of the week a total of £215,000 was raised which was the equivalent of £12 per head of population. The savings details were broken down as follows

Nat. Savings Certs = £40,797

Deposits in Post Office = £3,298

Defence Bonds = £26,345

Savings Stamps = £1,197

21/2 % War Bonds = £103,500

3% Savings Bonds = £38,200

Free Gifts = £263

 Scrap recovery of almost everything continued to be an important part of the war effort and in August 1943 it was the turn of books.

Book Recovery and Salvage Drive

21st. August – 4th. September

Our Target – 30,000 books

Each 8,000 bomb needs 4lb. of paper

How many bombs can you equip? 

At the autumn of 1943 as the war reached new heights the Ministry of Fuel and Power placed some hard hitting notices about saving fuel. This was the first :

Save Fuel for Battle

A warning by Fuel Watcher

“ We are using too much gas in the home”

Don’t save coal in one form to squander it in another.

Remember Electricity is Coal too.

 

And in December the pressure was stepped up.

5lb. of coal saved will produce

100 bullets for a bren gun. 

How many bullets a day will you produce

Save Fuel for Battle 

In January 1944 it changed to :

5lbs. of coal saved in one day by

Each household will provide enough

Coal to make 13 bombers. 

How much will YOU save to make bombers?

Save Fuel for Battle

Yet another notice at the beginning of 1944 was :

5lb. of coal saved in one day by

10,000 homes will provide enough

Fuel to build a Churchill Tank

Save Fuel for Battle

 

And at the end of January it changed once again to :

The Coal, Gas & Electricity you save

Help to build Merchant Ships

 

There was a continual insatiable demand for salvage and in March 1944  at the request of the Government, the HUDC with the aid of the WVS held a salvage drive for waste paper, bones, metal, rags and rubber during the period Mar 16 – Apr 1. The HUDC notice stated that “ your salvage steward will call upon you but, according to a shortage of stewards, it will not be possible to visit every household and your co-operation is required. In addition , the Salvage Van will be in your neighbourhood  as follows.

   Netherthong, Thongsbridge, Woodland and Wooldale – Wednesday Mar 22 for paper and Mar 29 for rags. “

 The Express printed the HUDC war time record for the collection of salvaged material. For the 3 years to 31 Mar 1943 :

Newspaper: 170t ; other paper 478t  ; textiles 33t  ; metals 167t ; bottles 4t  ; bones 12t ; black scrap 58t.

There was a total of 922t collected which made a profit of £1091

 

May 1944 saw yet another  issue of new Ration Books and in the same month the Holmfirth UDC had decided to have yet another major fund raising campaign as detailed below.

Salute the Soldier Week

June 3 – 10 1944

Our Target £150,000 to clothe and equip

3 Parachute Battalions.

He stands between YOU and NAZI TYRANNY

 On June 2nd. the Express reported that it had been cancelled ( no reason given ) but the UDC hoped that £50,000 could be raised in small savings by the end of July. Eventually £60,729 was raised. 

Also in June the UDC published a notice saying that the Collection of Household Refuse and Kitchen Waste was to be suspended due to the men and vehicles being required for other work. 

Reading through the Express in its coverage of both the major wars putting thoughts etc into poetry seemed to be very popular. Many of the poems would have caused classical poets some anguish but they came from the heart and got their message across. I have printed some in this history but have to include this very long one for reasons that will become clear as you read.

   It was written by Frank Roebuck of Ludgate House early in 1944. Frank had formerly worked at Albion Mills and was closely connected to the Netherthong Wesley Chapel. He had written it from the Middle East and prefaced it by saying that ‘ he had written many times and was now at a loss for words and to prevent his thanks from getting stale. I have now put my thoughts into rhyme but do not profess to being a poet’.

I’ve written many times before

Maybe a dozen – maybe a score

Of letters to convey my thanks

For gifts you’ve sent us – all ranks

And so I find it hard to pen

My thanks sincere yet once again

So now I’m sending you this time

Acknowledgements in verse and rhyme.

To all of you who have a part –

Miss Floyd I’ll mention for a start

She’s president and together

Keeps the folks in village Nether 

Miss Wilson is the local sec.

All arrangements she has to make

She taught to me my ABC

And therefore capable, you’ll agree. 

Mrs. Roebuck tends the money

And you’ll find her just on t’Broomy

So if you have a bob to spare

Just kindly place it in her care. 

To Thomas Dyson falls the lot

To sending gifts to Smith or Stott

There’s many more names on that list

Thanks to efforts, the likes of whist.

No little task is this, his job

Of packing parcels for the mob

Of soldiers, sailors, airmen too

Who’ve gone away, a job to do.

He sends them near, he sends them far

To wherever the Thong lads are

And he’s given many a lecture

Scenes of new and varied texture.

These few officials, you will agree

Are quite well known to you and me

Still t’is a noble part they play

In helping bring that glorious day

They may not be in battledress

And yet they’re fighting none the less

By sending comforts by the ton

To help us beat the dirty hun 

But also helping in the fight

Are Thongites who, with all their might

Are giving, working round yon spire

Thus they raise our morale higher.

At Mrs. Hoyle the ladies meet

To knit us socks for marching feet

Helmets, stocking and mittens too

I’ll bet they’ve done a tidy few.

The men you’ll find too,do their bit

With true and noble grit

For when it’s a gala day

You’ll find them right there in the fray

And so to all of you at Thong

My thanks sincere to you belong

For scrap and paper – all the lot

But chiefly ‘cos we’re not forgot.”

The balance sheet for the Comforts Fund  in October 1944 for the last 12 months showed that they had spent £164 11s, £126 of which was sent to servicemen, but they still retained a balance of £276 5s 7d. Receipts had been £440 16s 7d with £76 from the Field day and £100 from the Garden Fete. In November a successful entertainment was sponsored by the Clothiers Arms in aid of the Comforts Fund. The artistes were the Coronation Concert Party.

At the start of 1944 and carrying through into 1945 the Express was printing an increasing number of public notices from various Ministries exhorting people to save even more money, save even more waste materials, use even less, grow their own  vegetables etc. In addition there was  also a series of notices, normally in poetic style with pictures of  soldiers, sailors , airmen etc all designed to focus peoples minds on the need for solidarity during these critical months.

 This is one example from early 1945.

Solomon Grundy

Rich on Monday

Spent some on Tuesday

More on Wednesday

Poor on Thursday

Worse on Friday

Broke on Saturday

Borrowed on Sunday

Where will he end?

Old Solomon Grundy

BUY National Savings Certificates

May 8th. 1945 was VE day – Victory in Europe . A United Service was held in the Parish Church and the Rev. S. Black praised God for their wonderful deliverance and said that the profound fact of peace was difficult to realise.

Later that month a new ration book was issued which served as a reminder that the hardships and shortages were still to be faced.

Private F. Moorhouse ( aged 27 ) ,who was a native of Netherthong and attended the National School, joined up in January 1940  was taken prisoner in North Africa on June 28th. 1942 and was kept in a camp in Benghazi for a while before being transferred to Italy. When Italy capitulated he and other prisoners took to the hills to try to get freedom but the Germans found them and took them to Germany.First stop was Stalag 4B and then onto Stalag 4F where they were forced to work in a lead mine. Later they were marched to Czechoslovakia and then to Dresden where they met German soldiers going in the opposite direction and ended up by turning round and marching back to where they had started. That was when they decided to do a “bunk ” and when they arrived at Launstein they saw white flags flying and were told the war was finally over. They carried on walking until they found a point manned by Americans and eventually arrived back in England.

Although the war was over there was still a big demand to help  the peoples displaced in Europe and a national appeal called ” Save Europe Now ” was well supported. Miss Floyd, in conjunction with the Netherthong Parish Church, the Wesleyan Chapel and the Zion chapel had organised a collection of clothing in the village, Deanhouse and Oldfield district and over 600 articles were obtained.

In September 1945 plans were being made for the homecoming of the Netherthong members of the Forces. The issue of the Express for September carried the following full page exhortation.

‘War Weapons’

‘Warships’

‘Wings for Victory’

‘Salute the Soldier’

— and now

the greatest

of them all —

‘Thanksgiving’

Support your local Thanksgiving Week.

They also printed the following 1/2 page notice in the same month..

Thanksgiving Week

Holmfirth Urban District Council

October 6-13   Target £100,000

Give thanks by Saving

A large range of activities were organised in all the villages. By the beginning of October nearly half of the target was subscribed before the opening ceremony. In the five major savings campaigns, the Holmfirth District raised £1 M  (actual was £1,025,834). The long list of contributors included the Netherthong Co-op with £1,000. In the same September month a meeting was held to wind-up the Comforts Fund. It was decided to share out at Christmas the total money in hand of £430 to those qualified to receive grants. Mr.W.Gledhill and Mr.W.Hinchliffe were elected to serve with the ladies committee to work out the final details. Tributes were paid to Miss H.Floyd for her untiring efforts.

In May 1953, Bombadier Ernest Richards was the senior member of a group of four men chosen to represent the 578 Heavy A.A. 5th. Duke of Wellington’s Regiment ( TA ) in the Coronation procession. He  had 15 years service in the Regular Army and 3 years in the TA.He was 33 years old and lived in Queen Anne’s Square and was employed as a centre lathe turner. In November 1949, the Holmfirth war Memorial to the fallen of the Second World War was unveiled. It took the form of two tablets added to the memorial to the men who died in the 1914-18 war. It contained exactly 100 names covering the whole of the Holmfirth Urban District and was unveiled by Colonel Keith Sykes OBE,MC,TD,JP of Honley.

Read more about Netherthong and the wars…